Biology - 5 kingdoms

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Author:
Wobbuffet
ID:
217761
Filename:
Biology - 5 kingdoms
Updated:
2013-05-06 05:27:49
Tags:
Classification
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Description:
The 5 kingdom system of classification
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  1. Animalia
    • Eukaryotes
    • multicellular
    • heterotrophs
    • locomotion
    • store excess food reserves as fat/glycogen
    • sexual reproduction
    • classification based on number of embryonic cells
    • layers present, type of body cavity, segmentation of skeletal formation
  2. Fungi
    • enclosed by cell wall made fromĀ Chitin
    • Eukaryotic
    • Heterotrophic
    • body composed of fine filaments called hyphae
    • decomposers, parasites or associated with plants
    • reproduction through spores
  3. Monera
    • All Bacteria and Cyanobacteria
    • Prokaryotes
    • no membrane bound organelles
    • 0.5 - 10 micrometers inĀ diameter
    • enclosed by wall of glycoprotein murein
    • no specialization
  4. Plantae
    • autotrophic - photosynthetic
    • special adaptations for surviving on land
    • 2 distinct groups:
    • bryophytes - no vascular system to transport water
    • vasuclar plants - system of vassels and tubes
    • cell wall of cellulose
    • developments of true stems, roots, leaves
    • special opening in leaves (stomata) that allow gas exchange
    • contain chloroohyl and chloroplasts
    • large vacuoles
  5. Protista
    • ALL eukaryotic organisms which are not fungi, plants or animals
    • most are unicellular
    • plentiful in moist terrestrial environments
    • some photosynthetic, some heterotrophs that absorb organic molecules, come combine both
    • respire aerobically
    • Do not share characteristics, grouped for convenience

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