PTG 105-Exam 4-Soft Tissue 4

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kyleannkelsey
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217763
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PTG 105-Exam 4-Soft Tissue 4
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2013-05-05 01:45:03
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PTG 105 Exam Soft Tissue
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PTG 105-Exam 4-Soft Tissue 4
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  1. What is a Weal?
    An itchy, transiently elevated area with variable blanching and erythema
  2. What is the term for an itchy transiently elevated area of the skin with variable blanching and erythema?
    Wheal
  3. What is a vesicle?
    (Bulla), fluid filled raised area
  4. What is the term for a fluid filled raised area?
    Vesicle (Bulla)
  5. What is a Pustule?
    Discrete pus filled raised area
  6. What is the term for a discrete raised pus filled area?
    Vesicle or Bulla
  7. What is another term for hives?
    Utricaria
  8. What is another term for Uticaria?
    Hives
  9. What are Utricaria?
    Red edematous itchy plaques appearing within minutes
  10. What are the common ages to develop uticaria?
    20-40
  11. What areas are utricaria found?
    Trunk and distal extremities
  12. How long does Uticaria usually last?
    Few hours
  13. What are Uticaria usually from?
    Hypersensitivity Type I (IgE dependant)
  14. What skin disease is usually caused by a type I hypersensitivity (IgE dependant)?
    Uticaria
  15. What is an IGE independent cause of Uticaria?
    Opiates
  16. What would you expect to see in a cross section of skin with uticaria?
    Eiosinophils and mast cells
  17. What disease accounts for 1/3 of dermatology visits?
    Dermatitis/Eczema
  18. What causes dermatitis or eczema?
    • Drugs
    • Allergens
    • UV light
    • Trauma
  19. What is Dermatitis/Eczema?
    General term for variety of inflammatory skin conditions
  20. What is the term for a general inflammatory skin condition?
    Dermatitis or Eczema
  21. What is a complication of Dermatitis/Eczema?
    Secondary skin infections
  22. What does a typical dermatitis or eczema lesion look like?
    Oozing, crusting, scaling
  23. What type of dermatitis were covered in class?
    • Allergic contact dermatitis
    • Atopic dermatitis
    • Drug-related dermatitis
    • Photoeczematous eruption
    • Primary irritant dermatitis
  24. What is Allergic contact dermatitis?
    • Type IV hypersensitivity reaction
    • Poison IVY, jewelry, cosmetics, etc.
  25. What is Atopic dermatitis?
    • Associated with a personal or family history of eczema, hay fever or asthma
    • Begins in infancy on face and scalp
  26. What type of dermatitis is a Type IV hypersensitivity (i.e. cosmetics, poison ivy, etc.)?
    Allergic contact dermatitis
  27. What type of dermatitis is associated with a personal of family history of hay fever, asthma or eczema and begins at infancy with a face and scalp rash?
    Atopic dermatitis
  28. What type of dermatitis disappears when a drugs is removed?
    Drug-related dermatitis
  29. What is Photoeczematous eruption?
    Dermatitis on exposed skin
  30. What is Primary irritant dermatitis?
    Dermatitis following repeated trauma like rubbing
  31. What type of dermatitis follows repeated trauma like rubbing?
    Primary irritant dermatitis
  32. What is Impetigo?
    Superficial bacterial infection of the face
  33. What is usually the cause of impetigo?
    Staph or strep infection
  34. Is impetigo infectious?
    Yes, especially children in crowded spaces
  35. What part of the body is usually infected by impetigo?
    Face
  36. What does Impetigo look like?
    Oozing, crusting and pus forming blister on the face (usually)
  37. How is Impetigo treated?
    Antibiotics
  38. What is Acne?
    Nodules and pustules on the face and upper back
  39. When is Acne most common?
    Puberty through adulthood
  40. What causes Acne?
    Blockage of sebaceous glands and hair follicle by lipids and keratin
  41. What is the etiology of Acne (6)?
    • Fatty acids
    • Hereditary
    • Hormonal (androgens)
    • Emotions
    • Corticosteroids
    • Propionibacterium

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