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What is the treatment for Viral meningitis?
Fluid balance and seizure control
What is Encephalitis?
Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
What is the term for inflammation of the brain and spinal cord?
What is encephalitis usually caused by?
What viruses can cause encephalitis?
- Those carried by mosquitos
What two type of encephalitis that are caused by a virus carried by mosquitos and cause epidemics in warm months?
St. Louis and California encephalitis
What time of year has the highest risk of St. Louis and California encephalitis?
How is encephalitis diagnosed?
- Viral culture
- Presence of viral antigen in CSF
What are the symptoms of Encephalitis?
- Disordered thought
Can benign brain tumors be fatal?
Yes, due to pressure on the brain
Are primary brain tumors common?
No, metastatic brain tumors are more common
What are the signs of a CNS tumor?
- Increased ICT
- vision issue
- Neurological defects
What is a Glioblastoma?
Most common primary brain tumor
What is the most common primary brain tumor?
What is the prognosis for Glioblastoma?
- Highly malignant
- fatal in about one year
What is the second most common primary brain tumor?
Meninioma = tumor of the meninges
Describe the pathology of a Meningoma:
- Slow growing
- No infiltration
What is a medulloblastoma?
Malignant tumor of the cerebellum
What is the cure rate of medulloblastoma?
What is the treatment for medulloblastoma?
What are the symptoms of medulloblastoma?
- Lack of coordination
- Increased ICT
Where is a medulloblastoma located?
What is the most common malignant CNS tumor of children?
What is the most common demyelinating disease?
what is multiple sclerosis?
- Debilitating demyelinating disease of the brain and spinal cord
- Inflammation/damage to myelin sheath and eventually the nerves
How many Americans have MS?
What is the etiology of Multiple sclerosis?
- Viral infections
- Genetic factors
- Environmental factors
What is the outcome of MS?
Slowed or blocked nerves causing muscle coordination issues
What are the symptoms of MS?
- Numbness or tingling in face/extremities
- Impaired vision
- Muscle stiffness/spasms
- Poor coordination
- Bladder/Bowel issues
What is the prognosis of MS?
- Trouble with balance
- Paralysis of limbs
- wheelchair bound in 15-20 years
How is MS diagnosed?
- MRI features in brain
- CSF shows increased IgG
What is the treatment for MS?
- Lifestyle changes
- physical therapy
- mental counseling
What type of medication are used to treat MS?
What is indicated by increased IgG antibodies in the CSF and Brain lesions?