PTG 105-Exam 4-Neural 4

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PTG 105-Exam 4-Neural 4
2013-05-05 01:50:37
PTG 105 Exam Neural

PTG 105-Exam 4-Neural 4
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  1. What is the treatment for Viral meningitis?
    Fluid balance and seizure control
  2. What is Encephalitis?
    Inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
  3. What is the term for inflammation of the brain and spinal cord?
  4. What is encephalitis usually caused by?
    Viral infection
  5. What viruses can cause encephalitis?
    • Those carried by mosquitos
    • Herpes
    • HIV
    • Rabies
  6. What two type of encephalitis that are caused by a virus carried by mosquitos and cause epidemics in warm months?
    St. Louis and California encephalitis
  7. What time of year has the highest risk of St. Louis and California encephalitis?
    Warm months
  8. How is encephalitis diagnosed?
    • Viral culture
    • Presence of viral antigen in CSF
  9. What are the symptoms of Encephalitis?
    • Irritability
    • Headache
    • Drowsiness
    • Coma
    • Seizures
    • Disordered thought
  10. Can benign brain tumors be fatal?
    Yes, due to pressure on the brain
  11. Are primary brain tumors common?
    No, metastatic brain tumors are more common
  12. What are the signs of a CNS tumor?
    • Increased ICT
    • headache
    • vomiting
    • vision issue
    • seizure
    • Neurological defects
  13. What is a Glioblastoma?
    Most common primary brain tumor
  14. What is the most common primary brain tumor?
  15. What is the prognosis for Glioblastoma?
    • Highly malignant
    • fatal in about one year
  16. What is the second most common primary brain tumor?
    Meninioma = tumor of the meninges
  17. Describe the pathology of a Meningoma:
    • Benign
    • Slow growing
    • No infiltration
  18. What is a medulloblastoma?
    Malignant tumor of the cerebellum
  19. What is the cure rate of medulloblastoma?
  20. What is the treatment for medulloblastoma?
  21. What are the symptoms of medulloblastoma?
    • Lack of coordination
    • Increased ICT
  22. Where is a medulloblastoma located?
    The brain
  23. What is the most common malignant CNS tumor of children?
  24. What is the most common demyelinating disease?
    Multiple sclerosis
  25. what is multiple sclerosis?
    • Debilitating demyelinating disease of the brain and spinal cord
    • Inflammation/damage to myelin sheath and eventually the nerves
  26. How many Americans have MS?
  27. What is the etiology of Multiple sclerosis?
    • Autoimmune
    • Viral infections
    • Genetic factors
    • Environmental factors
  28. What is the outcome of MS?
    Slowed or blocked nerves causing muscle coordination issues
  29. What are the symptoms of MS?
    • Numbness or tingling in face/extremities
    • Impaired vision
    • Muscle stiffness/spasms
    • Weakness
    • Poor coordination
    • Bladder/Bowel issues
    • Forgetfulness
  30. What is the prognosis of MS?
    • Trouble with balance
    • Paralysis of limbs
    • wheelchair bound in 15-20 years
  31. How is MS diagnosed?
    • MRI features in brain
    • CSF shows increased IgG
  32. What is the treatment for MS?
    • Lifestyle changes
    • medication
    • physical therapy
    • mental counseling
  33. What type of medication are used to treat MS?
  34. What is indicated by increased IgG antibodies in the CSF and Brain lesions?