Learning Psych - Classical Conditioning

Card Set Information

Author:
gracebee101
ID:
217780
Filename:
Learning Psych - Classical Conditioning
Updated:
2013-05-31 22:19:34
Tags:
Psychology
Folders:

Description:
learning topic 3
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user gracebee101 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Unconditioned stimulus
    Object presented before conditioning
  2. UR Unconditioned response
    unlearnt automatic response to unconditioned stimulus
  3. CS conditioned stimulus
    originally neutral stimulus that becomes associated with a UCS and triggers conditioned response
  4. CR conditioned response
    Learnt response to a previously neutral stimulus
  5. Acquisition
    initial stage of learning which a response is established and gradually strengthened
  6. Extinction (3_
    • - eliminating a conditioned response
    • - CR can be stopped
    • - Does not totally erase effects of classical conditioning
  7. generalisation
    tendency for a similar stimulus to evoke similar responses
  8. Discrimination
    learning a conditioned response to a specific conditioned stimulus (opposite of generalisation)
  9. Contiguity
    Time interval between CS and UCS - most effective when time interval is small
  10. Contingency
    • Predictability of occurrence of one stimulus from the presence of another
    • the principle that learning will occur only if one event appears to be dependent ¬†on or conditioned by something else
  11. Counter Conditioning (definition)
    Behaviour Therapy used to unlearn classical conditioning
  12. Systematic Destensitisation (definition)
    Reduces condition response of anxiety by establishing a different response to the conditioned stimulus
  13. Systematic Desensitisation (steps)
    • Relaxing - deep breathing/muscle relaxing/hypnosis
    • Anxiety Hierarchy - list of least threatening to most threatening things
    • Pairing - pair anxiety inducing stimulus with relaxinng
  14. Exposure Therapy (3)
    • extinction is applied
    • Patient is exposed to CS without UCS
    • eg sees dentist without experiencing painful treatment
  15. Aversion Therapy
    • Attempts to condition an aversion to a stimulus
    • Used to treat addictions
    • eg take a tablet before drinking alcohol, therefore associate nausea with alcohol

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview