A&P Lab - Tissues

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stef1208
ID:
21786
Filename:
A&P Lab - Tissues
Updated:
2010-06-02 19:03:24
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anatomy physiology
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A&P Lab - Tissues
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  1. Loose connective tissue proper, adipose
  2. the ducts of endocrine glands
    endocrine glands lose their ducts; hormone is secreted directly into blood or lymphatic vessel
  3. the ducts of exocrine glands
    exocrine glands retain their ducts; secretions are emptied through ducts to epithelial surfaces
  4. lining of the esophagus
    stratified squamous
  5. lining of the stomach
    simple columnar
  6. alveolar sacs of lungs
    simple squamous
  7. tubules of the kidney
    simple cuboidal
  8. epidermis of the skin
    stratified squamous
  9. lining of bladder; peculiar cells that have the ability to slide over each other
    transitional
  10. forms the thin serous membranes; a single layer of flattened cells
    simple squamous
  11. single layer of cells of differing heights; may contain goblet cells and bear cilia
    pseudostratified columnar
  12. three characteristics of connective tissues
    • Most have rich supply of blood vessels
    • Are composed of many types of cells
    • Matrix between cells
  13. Noncellular, nonliving material in between cells of connective tissue
    Matrix
  14. Functions of connective tissues
    • Protect
    • Support
    • Bind together
  15. Two components of connective tissue matrix
    • Ground substance
    • Fibers
  16. 3 primary germ layers
    • endoderm (inner)
    • mesoderm (middle)
    • ectoderm (outer)
  17. tissue cut along longest direction of the organ
    longitudinal section
  18. tissue cut perpendicular to length of organ
    cross section
  19. tissue cut at angle between cross and longitudinal section
    oblique section
  20. characteristics of epithelial tissue
    • Layers of closely adhering cells
    • Flat sheet with upper surface exposed to environment or an internal body cavity
    • No blood vessels
    • Rests on basement membrane
  21. attaches bones to bones and muscles to bone
    Dense connective tissue proper, regular
  22. Acts as a storage depot for fat
    Adipose connective tissue
  23. the dermis of the skin
    areolar connective tissue
  24. Loose connective tissues, proper
    • Areolar
    • Adipose
    • Reticular
  25. Dense connective tissues, proper
    • Regular
    • Irregular
    • Elastic
  26. Types of cartilage
    • Hyaline
    • Elastic
    • Fibrocartilage
  27. Make up the intervertebral discs
    Fibrocartilage
  28. Forms the hip bone
    Osseous tissue
  29. Composes basement membranes; a soft packaging tissue with a jellylike matrix
    Areolar connective tissue
  30. Forms the larynx, the costal cartilages of the ribs, and the embryonic skeleton
    Hyaline cartilage
  31. Provides a flexible framework for the external ear
    Elastic cartilage
  32. Firm, structurally amorphous matrix heavily invaded with fibers; appears glassy and smooth
    Hyaline cartilage
  33. Matrix hard owing to calcium salts; provides levers for muscle to act on
    Osseous tissue
  34. Insulates against heat loss
    Adipose connective tissue
  35. What 2 physiological characteristics are highly developed in neurons?
    • Receive stimuli
    • Conduct impulses
  36. Special supporting cells that protect, support, and insulate the more delicate neurons
    Neuroglia
  37. Involuntarily controlled muscle
    Cardiac & smooth
  38. Striated muscle
    Skeletal & cardiac
  39. Muscle cells that have single nucleus
    Cardiac & smooth
  40. Muscle cells found in walls of stomach, uterus, and arteries
    Smooth

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