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The ability to reproduce.
- Entirely unconscious
- Fulfills pleasure principal
- Knows no morals, values, etc.
- Satisfies impulses no matter what the consequences
- Young children and neurotic adults
- Protects the individual from the Id
- Reality principal: use of reason and logic
- Balance between Id and superego
- Impulses released in non-destructive behavior
- Blocks off urges considered socially unacceptable
- Morality principle
- Overactive superego=guilt complex
- Stuck at the oral stage (pleasure in nursing) and can't go on to other stages of development
- Consequences: compulsive cigarette smoker, etc.
- Boy's unconscious rivalry with his father for the love of his mother.
- Sexual wishes for mother and father a castrating obstacle.
- Repression (ex. represses feelings; represses urge to do something)
Theory of Individuation
- Psychological growing up and discovering what makes one unique
- Must have courage to recognize good and bad qualities in one's self
- Failure: project one's unconscious faults on to others instead of accepting them
- Darker and unpleasing part of our unconscious that we want to suppress.
- Ex. Kurtz
- The spirit of a man's life; the soul.
- Feminine part of man's soul.
- Makes things right between the conscious activities and unconscious desires.
- Mediates between ego and outside world
- The image of our social personality that we show to the world (different from our true self)
- Too artificial: neurotic
- Close affinity with shadow
- Functions as a way for society to escape from the rigid collective attitudes.
The Wise Old Man
Intellectual guide that guides the hero to safety through deep reflection.
The Good Mother
Life principle, warmth, nourishment, birth, protection, fertility
The Terrible Mother/The Demon Lover
- Witch/whore. Terrifying parts of the unconscious
- The devil, Satan, etc.
- Transferring corruptions of the tribe to a sacred animal and then killing the animal in order cleanse the tribe.
- Occurs in our own society with the irrational satisfaction of persecuting minority groups.
Go through painful situations to end ignorance to reach social/spiritual adulthood
The hero has to die in order to save the people/the land.
- Always look at how the parts make up the whole.
- Ex. How repeated images, tone, pov, irony, etc. contribute to the meaning of the work as a whole.
- Motifs fuse to create a theme. Ex. Sex motif, hope motif, despair motif.