Psy Exam 3

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Psy Exam 3
2013-05-05 20:48:58
Psy Exam

Psy Exam 3
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  1. Define: A branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive , and social change throughout the life span
    Developmental Psychology
  2. What is genotype?
    The genetic make up of an organism
  3. What is phenotype?
    The physical characteristics of an organism
  4. What is a recessive gene?
    A gene that has to come from both parents in order to be expressed in a phenotype (physical trait)
  5. What is a dominant gene
    A gene that is fully expressed in the phenotype and doesn't need both parent to have the phenotype to express it
  6. Define: Threadlike, structures made of DNA molecules that contain the genetic code
  7. Define: A molecule containing the genetic info that makes up the chromosome
  8. Define: Agents, such as chemicals, and viruses, that can reach the embryo or fetus during pregnancy and cause harm
  9. Define: an unlearned, automatic response to a sensory stimulus

    Think of examples a baby give as a reflex
  10. Define: psycholocial development contributed to our understanding of personality development throughout the lifespan.
    Stage theory
  11. Define: An associating is formed between two events it doesn't control. Bell=food
    Classical conditioning
  12. Define: Food in mouth causes automatic drooling. The food is the stimulus that triggers salivation
    Unconditioned classical stimulus UCS
  13. Define Drooling without stimulus
    Unconditioned Classical Response UCR
  14. Define A bell is now a stimulus that is associated with food
    Conditioned stimulus CS
  15. Define The learned response to a previous stimululs. Ie. A bell makes a dog drool
    Conditioned response CR
  16. What experiments did Pavlov do?
    Classical conditioning
  17. What experiments did Watson do?
    Little Albert..."Fear can be learned"
  18. Define: In classical conditioning, the tendency, after conditioning, to respond similarly to stimuli that resembles the conditioned stimuli
  19. Define: in classical conditioning, the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and other irrelevant stimuli
  20. Define: in classical conditioning, the weakening of a conditioned response when an unconditioned stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response (in operant conditioning, the weakening of a response when it is no longer reinforced.
  21. Define:  The reappearance, after a pause, of an extinguish conditioned response
    Spontaneous recovery
  22. Define: people/ animals associate their own actions based on consequences, good or bad.
    (reward or punishment)
    Operant conditioning
  23. Who performed operant conditioning?
    Skinner "skinner box"
  24. Define: is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced only after a specified number of responses. This schedule produces a high, steady rate of responding with only a brief pause after the delivery of the
    Fixed ratio FR
  25. Define: schedule is a schedule of reinforcement where a response is reinforced after an unpredictable number of responses.
    Variable ratio VR
  26. Define:  schedule of reinforcement where the first response is rewarded only after a specified amount of time has elapsed.
    Fixed interval FI
  27. Define: a schedule of reinforcement where a response is rewarded after an unpredictable amount of time has passed.
    Variable Interval VI
  28. Define: neurons that fire when we preform certain actions or observe others doing so
    Mirror Neurons. (Modeling principle) Bobo doll experiment
  29. Define: A desire to perform a h=behavior for it's own sake
    Intrinsic motivation
  30. Define: a desire to perform a behavior to gain a reward or avoid a punishment
    Extrinsic motivation
  31. Define: an individuals characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
  32. Define: A characteristic pattern of behavior or a tendancy to feel and act in a certain way, as assessed by self-reports on a personality test
    personality trait