PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 1

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kyleannkelsey
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217937
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PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 1
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2013-05-05 20:37:01
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PTG 105 Exam ENT
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PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 1
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  1. What is Herpetic stomatitis?
    Ulcers caused by herpes simplex virus 1
  2. What is the typical primary infection age?
    2-4
  3. Herpes Simplex Virus 1 causes what diseases?
    Herpes Stomatitis
  4. Where are Herpes Stomatitis found?
    Lips, gum and hard palate
  5. What are the symptoms of the primary infection of Herpes Stomatitis?
    Usually asymptomatic
  6. What is another name for Alphthous Stomatitis?
    Chancre sores
  7. What is another name for chancre sores?
    Aphthous Stomatitis
  8. What percent of the population is affected by Aphthous Stomatitis?
    40%
  9. When is Aphthous stomatitis most common?
    First Two decades of life
  10. What is the cause of Aphthous stomatitis?
    Unknown
  11. Describe the lesion for Aphthous stomatitis:
    • Discrete, shallow painful ulcers in mouth
    • Occur on non-keratinized oral mucosa
  12. What is the treatment for Aphthous Stomatitis?
    • None
    • Self-resolving in 7-10 days
  13. What are the manifestations of upper respiratory diseases?
    • Fever
    • Pain
    • Nasal discharge
  14. What causes upper respiratory infections?
    Bacteria Viruses
  15. What is another name for infectious Rhinitis?
    Common cold
  16. What is another name for the common cold?
    Infectious Rhinitis
  17. What is the cause of the common cold?
    • Usually viral:
    • Rhinovirus
    • Echovirus
    • Adenovirus
  18. What are the general symptoms of Infectious Rhinitis?
    • Profuse catarrhal discharges
    • Congestion
  19. What are the specific signs of Infectious rhinitis?
    • Thick nasal mucus
    • Swelling
    • Redness
    • Narrowed nasal cavities
    • May cause pharyngitis and tonsillitis
    • Secondary bacterial infection leads to purulent exudate
  20. What does a secondary bacterial infection with infectious rhinitis cause?
    Purulent exudate
  21. What is Allergic Rhinitis also called?
    Hay fever
  22. What is another term for Hay fever?
    Allergic Rhinitis
  23. What percent of the US population has Allergic Rhinitis?
    20%
  24. What is seen histologically in allergic rhinitis?
    Prominent Eosinophils
  25. Describe Allergic Rhinitis:
    Type I hypersensitivity (IgE) release to environmental antigens
  26. What type of AB mediates Allergic rhinitis?
    IgE
  27. What type of Hypersensitivity is Allergic Rinitis?
    Type I
  28. What is a complication of Allergic Rhinitis?
    Allergic nasal polyps that obstruct the airway
  29. What are symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis?
    • Post-nasal drip
    • Cough
    • Red, itchy, watery eyes
    • Sneezing and congestion
    • Runny nose
  30. What is the term for an infection in the paranasal sinuses?
    Sinusitis
  31. What is Sinusitis?
    Infection in the paranasal sinuses
  32. How does sinusitis develop?
    Obstructed opening of the sinuses leads to infection and fluid buildup
  33. What are the symptoms of Sinusitis?
    • Pain
    • Purulent nasal Discharge
    • Headache
  34. What is the treatment for Sinusitis?
    • Reduce swelling
    • Allow drainage
  35. What are the sinuses?
    • Frontal
    • Ethmoid
    • Sphenoid
    • Maxillary
  36. When is pharyngitis most common?
    When a viral upper respiratory tract infection is present
  37. What is the primary cause of pharyngitis?
    Viral
  38. What are the potential causes of pharyngitis?
    • URI
    • Viral
    • Bacterial

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