PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 1
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What is Herpetic stomatitis?
Ulcers caused by herpes simplex virus 1
What is the typical primary infection age?
Herpes Simplex Virus 1 causes what diseases?
Where are Herpes Stomatitis found?
Lips, gum and hard palate
What are the symptoms of the primary infection of Herpes Stomatitis?
What is another name for Alphthous Stomatitis?
What is another name for chancre sores?
What percent of the population is affected by Aphthous Stomatitis?
When is Aphthous stomatitis most common?
First Two decades of life
What is the cause of Aphthous stomatitis?
Describe the lesion for Aphthous stomatitis:
- Discrete, shallow painful ulcers in mouth
- Occur on non-keratinized oral mucosa
What is the treatment for Aphthous Stomatitis?
- Self-resolving in 7-10 days
What are the manifestations of upper respiratory diseases?
What causes upper respiratory infections?
What is another name for infectious Rhinitis?
What is another name for the common cold?
What is the cause of the common cold?
- Usually viral:
What are the general symptoms of Infectious Rhinitis?
- Profuse catarrhal discharges
What are the specific signs of Infectious rhinitis?
- Thick nasal mucus
- Narrowed nasal cavities
- May cause pharyngitis and tonsillitis
- Secondary bacterial infection leads to purulent exudate
What does a secondary bacterial infection with infectious rhinitis cause?
What is Allergic Rhinitis also called?
What is another term for Hay fever?
What percent of the US population has Allergic Rhinitis?
What is seen histologically in allergic rhinitis?
Describe Allergic Rhinitis:
Type I hypersensitivity (IgE) release to environmental antigens
What type of AB mediates Allergic rhinitis?
What type of Hypersensitivity is Allergic Rinitis?
What is a complication of Allergic Rhinitis?
Allergic nasal polyps that obstruct the airway
What are symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis?
- Post-nasal drip
- Red, itchy, watery eyes
- Sneezing and congestion
- Runny nose
What is the term for an infection in the paranasal sinuses?
What is Sinusitis?
Infection in the paranasal sinuses
How does sinusitis develop?
Obstructed opening of the sinuses leads to infection and fluid buildup
What are the symptoms of Sinusitis?
- Purulent nasal Discharge
What is the treatment for Sinusitis?
- Reduce swelling
- Allow drainage
What are the sinuses?
When is pharyngitis most common?
When a viral upper respiratory tract infection is present
What is the primary cause of pharyngitis?
What are the potential causes of pharyngitis?
What would you like to do?
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