PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 2

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kyleannkelsey
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217938
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PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 2
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2013-05-05 20:37:45
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PTG 105 Exam ENT
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PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 2
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  1. What causes bacterial pharyngitis?
    Group A, beta hemolytic Streptococcus
  2. Why is it important to treat bacterial pharyngitis?
    To prevent rheumatic fever
  3. What disease can develop into rheumatic fever?
    Pharyngitis
  4. What is the treatment for pharyngitis?
    Antibiotics if bacterial
  5. What are the signs of Pharyngitis?
    • Reddening and edema of the nasopharyngeal mucosa
    • Enlarged lymph nodes
    • Children may have pseudomembranes
  6. What special characteristics may be found in a severe form of pharyngitis in children?
    Pseudomembranes (Pus and debris)
  7. What can enlarged tonsils and adenoids cause?
    • Ear infection
    • Airway obstruction
  8. What can cause both airway obstruction and ear infection?
    Enlarged tonsils and adenoids
  9. What are the complications of URI?
    • Ear infection
    • Obstructed airways
    • Pneumonia
  10. What group is most likely to develop pneumonia secondary to an URI?
    Very young and very old
  11. What is Otitis media?
    Ear infection
  12. What is the rate of hearing loss?
    • Present in 60% over 65 years old
    • OR
    • 30-35% between ages 65-75
  13. How many children in school have hearing aids?
    16/1000
  14. What percent of hearing oss is acquired?
    50%
  15. What percent of hearing loss is inherited?
    50%
  16. What are the two types of Hearing loss?
    • Conductive
    • Sensori-neural
  17. Describe Conductive hearing loss:
    Deafness in the external auditory canal or middle ear
  18. Describe Sensori-neural hearing loss:
    Hearing loss in the cochlea
  19. Is conductive hearing loss treatable?
    Often, yes
  20. What are the causes of Sensori-neural hearing loss?
    • Age
    • Some drugs
    • Loud noise
  21. What are the causes of conductive hearing loss?
    • Ear canal blockage (e.g. wax)
    • Eardrum perforation
    • Otosclerosis
  22. What is Otosclerosis?
    Stiffening of the tiny bones of the inner ear (causes hearing loss)
  23. What are the four main causes of Hearing loss?
    • Noise exposure
    • Otosclerosis
    • Trauma
    • Infection
  24. What is the name for age related hearing loss?
    Presbycusis
  25. What is Presbycusis?
    Age related hearing loss
  26. What is Otitis Media?
    Inflammation of the inner ear
  27. What is the cause of Otitis media?
    • Eustachian tube blockage
    • Virus
    • Bacteria
  28. What are the symptoms of otitis media?
    Pain, swelling and redness of the eardrum
  29. What are the complications of Otitis Media?
    • Eardrum rupture
    • Mastoides
    • Permanent hearing loss
    • Spread of infection to brain
    • Chronicity
  30. What are mastoides?
    Spread of otitis media infection to the mastoid bones
  31. What is cholesteatoma?
    A skin overgrowth/cyst in the middle ear behind the eardrum or mastoid bone
  32. What is Cholesteatoma usually caused by?
    The repeated spread of infection in the middle ear
  33. What is the outcome of a cholesteatoma?
    It can growth and destroy the bones of the ear, causing deafness
  34. Is presbycusis lateral or symmetrical?
    Usually, symmetrical
  35. What sounds are most difficult to hear for presbycusis patients?
    High pitched sounds
  36. What is the treatment for presbycusis?
    Hearing aids
  37. How do you avoid getting presbycusis?
    • Avoid loud noises
    • Reduce time exposure to loud noises
  38. Can Presbyusis be avoided?
    • Yes
    • By avoiding loud noises and time exposure to loud noises

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