PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 5

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  1. What are the eye changes associated with open angle glaucoma?
    • Increased resistance to aqueous flow
    • Not many changes
  2. What is the outcome of Open angle glaucoma?
    Gradually progressive visual field loss
  3. What are the treatment options of open angle glaucoma?
    Surgery and medication
  4. What is closed angle glaucoma?
    • Shallow anterior chambers
    • Dramatic increased eye pressure
    • Obstruction of outflow
  5. What are the treatment options of closed angle glaucoma?
    Medication or treatment
  6. Can medication reverse or halt glaucoma symptoms?
    • Neither
    • Symptom relief only for acute glaucoma
  7. What are the signs of closed angle glaucoma?
    • Sudden eye pain
    • Halos around lights
    • Red eye
    • Nauseas
    • Sudden decreased vision
  8. What are other names for closed angle glaucoma?
    Acute or narrow angle glaucoma
  9. Describe the physical changes of closed angle glaucoma:
    Angle of the canal is blocked by the iris
  10. What is retinal vascular disease?
    Insufficient blood supply to the retina causing progressive vision loss
  11. What are the two types of Retinal Vascular Disease?
    • Diabetic retinopathy
    • Hypertensive retinopathy
  12. What are characteristics of Diabetic retinopathy?
    • Dot-blot hemorrhages
    • Microaneurysms
    • Blood vessel growth (neovascularization)
  13. What are the characteristics of hypertensive retinopathy?
    • Narrowing of arterioles
    • Swelling of optic disc
    • “Cotton wool” spots
  14. What is the macula?
    The central area of the retina
  15. What is the outcome of macular degeneration?
    Destroys sharp central vision
  16. What is the pathogenesis of Macular degeneration?
    Death of macular cells
  17. Treatment of macular degeneration can or cannot correct the issue?
    Cannot, it can only low the progression
  18. What group most commonly acquires macular degeneration?
    Over 60
  19. What are the risk factors for macular degeneration?
    • Age
    • Smoking
    • Female
    • Family history
    • High Cholesterol
  20. What is the treatment for macular degeneration?
    Laser photocoagulation
  21. What disease would you treat with photocoagulation?
    Macular degeneration
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PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 5
2013-05-06 00:39:41
PTG 105 Exam ENT

PTG 105-Exam 4-ENT 5
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