Unit 9 Study Guide

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rileyrichardson
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Unit 9 Study Guide
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2013-05-08 18:50:13
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  1. Political & Economic factors after Versailles
    • Experimental political regimes, Fascism Italy, Ireland, Russia, Central & Eastern Europe
    • Loss of life, fewer workers & consumers, creditor to debitor
  2. Countries & their demands for a revision of Versailles
    • Germany & France
    • Minorities within smaller countries self determination
  3. Factors which pulled Europe into the depression
    • Financial Crisis
    • Lack of Leadership
    • Lack of production of goods/commodities
  4. The occupation of the Ruhr
    • January 1923
    • Germany defaulting on reperation payments 
    • Germany's Response: Passive resistance, inflation, unemployment
  5. The Jausame Conference
    End of the reperation era
  6. Causes & Effects of the lack of production & distribution of commodities in the interwar years
    • Products up prices down
    • Industry prices up products prices went up
    • Unemployment
  7. British response to the depression
    • New labor party 
    • Leader & P.M.: Ramsey McDonald 
    • National Government: Goal to restore confidence in population & balance budget, unsuccessful
  8. Irish Independence. 
    (1949 became Republic of Ireland)
    • The Easter Rising (April 1916)
    • Caught became martyrs
    • Seigne Feine
    • 1919-1921
    • IRA
    • Leader was Michael Collins
    • Englo-Irish Treaty
  9. French Response to the Depression
    Popular Front of 1936: Consisted of socialists, communists, 40 hour work week, paid vacation
  10. Significance of the U.S.S.R in post WWI Europe
    • Single most important political movement in Europe
    • 1917: Bolshevik Revolution "Red Scare"
    • 1991: End of U.S.S.R
  11. Causes & Effects of War Communism
    • Russian Civil War 
    • Cheka- Secret Police
    • Wanted Authorian rule
  12. The NEP
    • Lenin lead it 
    • Communism & Capitalism compromise
    • "Commanding Heights"- Banking, industry, commerce
  13. Facts about the Third International (Comintern)
    • Bring all socialists together
    • 21 Conditions
    • Communists fought over direction of socialism
    • Right-wing Fascism
  14. Facts about the Power struggle between Trotsky & Stalin
    • Trotsky: Left-Winged, Rapid-industrialization, collectivization of agriculture, Spread communism
    • Stalin: Continuation of NEP, Slow industrialization, "Socialism in one country"
  15. Facts about the 5 year plan
    • Outproduce other economics
    • Propaganda
    • Stakhonov
    • The Gosplan set goals 
    • Capital over consumer goods 
    • 400% increase
    • New cities
  16. Facts about the collectivization of Agriculture
    • Turned private farms into state run farms
    • Rook from Kulaks & peasantry
    • 2 million people arrested 
    • 90% collected
  17. Stalins Purge's
    • Get rid of political opposition 
    • Show Trials 
    • Thousands were victims 
    • Lust for power
    • New communist party created
  18. Facts/Characteristics about Fascism
    • Anti-parliamentary
    • Anti-Marxist & Socialist
    • Pro Nationalism
    • Single party rule
    • Pro middle class
    • Right-winged
  19. Facts about Mussolini
    • Fought in WWI & wounded
    • Fasci de combattimento
    • antisocialism
    • Black Shirts-Terrorist Squad
    • 1921: Wins seat in parliament
  20. The March in Rome
    • Oct. 1922
    • Victor Emanuel III gives Mussolini 1 year dictatorship
  21. The Loteran Accord of 1929
    • Made peace with church 
    • Pope is secular ruler of Vatican city
    • Catholicism is national religion of Italy
  22. Fascist Economics
    • Corportism- Laissez Faire, private ownership, managed by state
    • Syndicate- Group from the same company, become corrupt
  23. The Role women in Fascist Italy
    • To be Roussean
    • Strict Gender Roles
  24. Economic & Ethnic pressures in Eastern Europe after WWI
    • Very unstable economies 
    • Czechoslavakia not dependant on foreign loans
    • No experience with democracy
  25. How Poland came to exist again
    Russia, Germany, Austria
  26. Dictatorships of S.E. Europe
    • Eugoslavia
    • Romania
    • Greece
    • Bulgaria
  27. Facts about the Weimar Republic & Constitution
    • Name of German Republic after WWI
    • Hohenzollerns
  28. Reasons & Examples for the lack of popular support in the Weimar Republic
    • Germans didn't want a republic
    • Treaty of Versailles
    • Ruhr 
    • Kaputsch
  29. Hyperinflation
    • January 1923: French occupation of the Ruhr
    • passive Resistance
    • 4.2 trillion marks= $1
  30. Facts about Hitler's early career
    • wanted to be an artist
    • Fought in WWI
    • Nazis (Anticommunist)
  31. Facts about the Nazis
    • Swastika
    • Unify Germans in Austria & Germany
    • Forget Treaty of Versailles 
    • Brown Shirts 
    • Extreme Nationalism
  32. Similarities between Mussolini & Hitler
    • Machiavellian
    • Came to power legally
    • Racist
    • WWI veterans
    • Paramilitary force
  33. Mein Kampf
    • Hitler
    • "My Struggle"
    • Outlined Hitler's goals
    • "Living Place"
  34. Impact of Gustav Stressemann
    • Chancellor in Weimar Republic
    • Abandoned old mark for Rentamark=1 trillion old marks, Dawes Plan
  35. The Locarno Agreements
    • France & Germany getting along
    • France let Germany North Eastern became part of L.O.N.
    • Nobel Peace prize in 1925
    • Frontier settlement
  36. How the Nazis came to power within the Reichstag
    6 million uunemployed by 1932
  37. How Hitler became the Chancellor
    Came to power in Weimar Republic because of blunders of socialists
  38. Ways in which Hitler consolidated power
    • Legal Authority (Reichstag Fire)- Get rid of opposition (Enaling Act)
    • Purging of Nazi rivals
    • 1934:Hindenburg dies
  39. Phases of Nazi Anti-Semitism
    • Exclusion
    • Racial Legislation
    • Exploitation (Final Solution)
  40. The Roles of women in Nazi Germany
    • Educators to children 
    • Child-bearing
    • Domestic Workers
    • Consumers of German goods
  41. Facts about the Nazi economic policy
    Nazis encouraged Capitalism
  42. Factors/Events which led to WWII
    • WWI
    • Treaty of Versailles
    • Great Depression
    • Rise of Nazis & Hitler
  43. Examples of how the League of Nations failed
    • The Manchurian Crisis
    • German Rearmament
    • German invasion of the Ruhr
  44. Results of Italy's attack on Ethiopia
    • Rome-Berlin
    • Embargo
  45. Consequence of Germany's invasion of the Rhineland
    Discredited Appeasement
  46. Facts about the Spanish Civil War (1936-39)
    • Francisco Franco vs. Popular Front
    • Bombing at Guernica
  47. German aggression of Austria & Czechoslavakia
    • Anschluss (1938)
    • Hitler demands for Sudetanland

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