Exam 5 Content 2

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Author:
ssoucie
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218001
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Exam 5 Content 2
Updated:
2013-05-06 07:27:22
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Description:
Intracranial Disorders I
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  1. This is associated with epilepsy resulting from abnormal electric discharges from cerebral neurons & characterized by loss or disturbance of consciousness & usually by a convulsion?
    Seizure
  2. A lifelong chronic brain disorder which a person has repeated seizures/ convulsions over time?
    Epilepsy
  3. This is the most common type of siezure with people with people with epilepsy, occurs when electrical activity remains in a limited area of the brain. This is also called "focal seizure"?
    Partial Seizure
  4. This type of seizure, the person usually remebers what happens, does not lose conciousness, fully aware of whats going on, but no movement, emotions, sensations, & feelings can be effected?
    Simple Partial Seizure
  5. This type of seizure, a brief alteration in movement, sensation, or nerve function caused by abnormal electrical activity localized in the brain, and usually causes no change in awarenessor alertness?
    Jacksonian Seizure
  6. This type of seizure affects a larger area of the brain, ther person cannot interact normally with others, is not incontrol of thei movements, speech or action, and they cannot remember what happened after?
    Complex Partial Seizure
  7. This type of seizure affects both sides of the brain (aka/ cerebral hemispheres), losing loss of consciousness for brief periods or longer periods at a time?
    Generalized Seizure
  8. AKA - "Petit Mal" Seizure
    Absence Seizure
  9. This type of seizure is more common in children, often looks like they are starring into space, they have a brief sudden lapse of consciousness?
    Absence Seizure
  10. AKA - "Grandmal" Seizure?
    Tonic Clonic Seizure
  11. Patients tend to have vision, taste, or sensory changes, (also called aura) just before the seizure begins, These usually involve muscle ridgity, followed by violent muscle contractions and loss of LOC
    Tonic Clonic Seizure - aka- Grandmal
  12. What is the danger associated with status epliepticus?
    These last over 30min & associated with hypotension, low O2, fever, and cardiac arrhythmias
  13. What is the term for this? - Seizure lasting up to 30min, associated with hypotension, low o2 (hypoxia), fever & cardiac arrhythmias?
    Status Epilepticus
  14. What is normal ICP range?
    5-10 mm Hg
  15. When ICP in elevated & sustained it can cause____ ____ & damage to delicate neural tissues?
    Tissue Ischemia
  16. We normally have transient increases in IICP to ____ to _____ mm Hg frequently, like bending over, or pooping, sneezing...
    30-50mm
  17. What are the components in the skull made up of?
    80% brain, 12% blood, 8% CSF
  18. The blood leaves the brain through what?
    Jugular Veins
  19. The brain requires constant supply of O2 & ____ to meet metabolic demands?
    Glucose
  20. The mechanism the brain uses to maintain normal pressure and control the blood flow to the brain is called?
    Autoregulation
  21. One of the most common causes of IICP is?
    Cerebral Edema

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