Ethics MC

Card Set Information

Author:
rdhwk
ID:
218042
Filename:
Ethics MC
Updated:
2013-05-06 12:48:54
Tags:
Ethics 482
Folders:

Description:
MC quiz (comprehensive)
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user rdhwk on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Which
    of the following arguments is the best in favor of eminent domain under act
    utilitarianism?

     

          (a)   The
    land is currently not being used for any productive purposes, so constructing
    the park will create a benefit for most members of the community

          (b)   The
    residents of the adjacent community should be guaranteed the right of safety
    for themselves and their children.

          (c)   The
    value of the land where a park resides is higher than where an abandoned
    factory exists.

          (d)   None
    of the above
    A
  2. 2)   Which of the following arguments is the best
    in favor of eminent domain under the golden test.

     

          (a)   The
    land is currently not being used for any productive purposes, so constructing
    the park will create a benefit for most members of the community

          (b)   The
    residents of the adjacent community should be guaranteed the right of safety
    for themselves and their children.

          (c)   The
    value of the land where a park resides is higher than where an abandoned
    factory exists.

          (d)   None
    of the above
    D
  3. 3)   Recall the challenger disaster. Which of the
    following justifications is best to say that NASA should have considered fixing
    the problems under a cost-benefit analysis?

     

          (a)   Fixing
    the problem would have saved lives as well as ensured a successful mission.

          (b)   The
    cost of fixing the foam problem was too high at the time.

          (c)   If
    the problem causes a major failure in the shuttle, the loss of life as well as
    the possible disasters are too high.

          (d)   None
    of the above
    C
  4. 4)   Which of the following questions is part of a
    golden rule test?

     

          (a)   Would
    you be willing to be the recipient of the action in question?

          (b)   Is
    an inherent right of the individual being violated?

          (c)   Is
    there a rule that the act conforms to which maximizes the greatest good?

          (d)   If
    everyone did this action, is it still morally justifiable?
    A
  5. 5)   Which of the following questions is part of a
    self-defeating test?

     

          (a)   Would
    you be willing to be the recipient of the action in question?

          (b)   Is
    an inherent right of the individual being violated?

          (c)   Is
    there a rule that the act conforms to which maximizes the greatest good?

          (d)   If
    everyone did this action, would the desired results still be achieved?
    D
  6. 6)   Which of the following cases would a respect
    for persons approach not resolve?

     

          (a)   The
    atomic bomb killed civilians in Tokyo but brought a quick end to the war.

          (b)   A
    fertilizer plant will emit hazardous waste that will kill some but otherwise all
    will die of starvation

          (c)   If
    the fetus is not aborted, both the mother and the fetus will die.

          (d)   All
    of the above
    D
  7. 7.
    Asking the question, "Will building this dam, to create hydroelectric
    power, maximize the utility while minimizing the harm to the public, in
    comparison to all other options?" is an example of a question that must be
    answered in order to use which ethical test?

     

    Self-Defeating
    Test

    Reversibility Test

    Act Utilitarian

    Rule Utilitarian
    C
  8. 8.
    Which ethical test is best described as: "providing a generalization to
    the consequences of a general practice, as compared to evaluating each
    individually"?

     

    Rights Approach

    Act Utilitarian

    Rule Utilitarian

    Cost-Benefit Analysis
    C
  9. 9.
    Cost-Benefit Analysis can attempt to quantify the benefit of a project in terms
    of general happiness.

     

    True

    False
    False
  10. 10. The
    Right of trying to acquire new purpose (such as property and wealth), according
    to Alan Gewirth, supersedes and is more important than which Right?

     

    Right of Life, Physical
    Integrity, and Mental Health

    Right of Purpose and Fulfillment
    an individual has already achieved.

    A & B

    None of the above.
    D
  11. 11. The
    principle of reversibility refers to which ethical test?

     

    Golden Rule

    Act Utilitarian

    Self-Defeating Test

    None of the above.
    A
  12. 12.
    Which scenario, given in lecture, was used to illustrate an example of the
    Self-Defeating Test?

     

    Reselling Textbooks

    Use of Biofuels

    A class cheating on a test

    Copyrighting a song
    C
  13. The relationship of technology and society is 

    •        
    Society
    affects technology

    •        
    Technology
    affects society

    •        
    Society
    does not affect technology

    •        
    Both
    A and B
    D
  14. •        
    Which
    of the following is NOT a form of privacy?

    •        
    Informational

    •        
    Decisional

    •        
    Proprietary

    •        
    Individual
    D
  15. •        
    Which
    of the following does the U.S. Constitution say about software protection?

    •        
    “Authors
    and vendors have exclusive rights to their respective writings and discoveries”

    •        
    “Authors
    and vendors should share their respective discoveries with the public”

    •        
    “Authors
    and vendors may share their findings only with people in their respective
    fields”

    •        
    None
    of the above
    A
  16. •        
    What
    is the democratic dilemma on technology?

    •        
    Technology
    undermines democracy

    •        
    Technology
    promotes democracy

    •        
    Technology
    neither promotes nor undermines democracy

    •        
    Both
    a&b
    D
  17. •        
    The
    attitude that holds that technological development has a life of its own , and
    has an internal logic that cannot be controlled by individual humans is

    •        
    Technological
    optimism

    •        
    Technological
    determinism

    •        
    Technological
    pessimism

    •        
    Democratic
    deliberation
    B
  18. •        
    Copyrighting
    law holds that

    •        
    a
    basic idea is not copyrightable but a particular expression of the idea might
    be

    •        
    a
    basic idea is copyrightable but a particular expression of the idea might be

    •        
    a
    basic idea or a particular expression of it are not copyrightable

    •        
    a
    basic idea is copyrightable but a particular expression is not
    A
  19. •       
    What is relationship between technology and society?

    •       
    Technology affects social relationships, behavior, empathy

    •       
    Technology affects the behavior of society

    •       
    The efficiency of technology is determined by what society deems works
    well

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  20. •       
    Which of the following types of privacy were discussed this course?
    Select all that apply.

    •       
    Informational

    •       
    Physical

    •       
    Decisional

    •       
    Proprietary
    All
  21. •       
    Which of the following is the Democratic Dilemma?

    •       
    Debates about public policy regarding science

    •       
    On-going discussion of public reforms

    •       
    Problems discussing gun policy

    •       
    Problems related to democrats and republics finding common solution
    A
  22. •       
    What are some arguments against software protection

    •       
    Disadvantages to creating specials laws just for software

    •       
    Illegal hybrid of copyright and patent law would not be recognized
    worldwide

    •       
    Copyrights are unable to protect an idea, they protect only the
    expression of the idea

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  23. •       
    In lecture, what attitude toward technology did Cody Moore endorse?

    •       
    Technological Optimism; The effects on human well-being are, on
    balance, good.

    •       
    Technological Pessimism; Claim that technology can threaten human
    freedom and diminish the meaningfulness of our lives

    •       
    Critical Attitude; uses democratic deliberation and critical attitude
    in design

    •       
    Technological determinism
    C
  24. •       
    What is technological determinism?

    •       
    Technological development has a life of its own

    •       
    The development cannot be controlled by individual humans

    •       
    Humans control the fate of technology

    •       
    A and B
    D
  25. •       
    Which of the following is NOT one of DeGeorge’s criteria for
    whistleblowing?

    •       
    Potential harm is serious and considerable

    •       
    Employee reports their concern to immediate superior

    •       
    Disclosing information would actually prevent harm

    •       
    Employee is a voluntary member of the organization
    D
  26. •       
    For the Pierce vs. Ortho Pharmaceuticals case, what was the main
    reason that she lost her appeal to the Supreme Court?

    •       
    She had appealed to the Hippocratic Oath, but should have appealed to
    the American Medical Association Code of Ethics

    •       
    She had appealed to the American Medical Association Code of Ethics,
    but she should have appealed to the Hippocratic Oath

    •       
    She appealed to both the American Medical Association Code of Ethics
    and the Hippocratic Oath, instead she should have chosen one

    •       
    She did not appeal to neither the American Medical Association Code of
    Ethics nor the Hippocratic Oath
    A
  27. •       
    Which of the following is NOT a type of an organizational culture?

    •       
    Finance-Oriented Company

    •       
    Customer-Oriented Company

    •       
    Product-Oriented Company

    •       
    Engineering-Oriented Company
    C
  28. •       
    What is NOT a way an employee can exhibit disobedience?

    •       
    Non-participation

    •       
    Contrary Participation

    •       
    Contrary Action

    •       
    Protest (Whistleblowing)
    B
  29. •       
    When does the Complicity Theory say that you are morally required to
    reveal what you know to the public?

    •       
    What you will reveal derives from your work for an organization

    •       
    You are a voluntary member of that organization

    •       
    You believe that the organization is engaged in a serious moral wrong

    •       
    You believe that your work for that organization will contribute to
    the wrong if you do not publicly reveal what you know

    •       
    All the above
    E
  30. •       
    Which is NOT a characteristic of groupthink?

    •       
    Thorough information gathering

    •       
    Illusion of morality

    •       
    Illusion of invulnerability

    •       
    Mindguarding
    A
  31. 7) Which of the following is not a main type of
    organizational disobedience?

                    A)
    Contrary Action

                    B)
    Whisleblowing

                    C)
    Protest

                    D)
    Nonparticipation
    B
  32. 8) Which of the following statements is true
    regarding DeGeorge’s and Davis’ criteria of whistleblowing?

                     A) DeGeorge uses a utilitarianism approach,
    while Davis uses a respect for persons approach

    B) Davis believes
    that whistleblowing must be justified because of the harm it can produce to an
    organization, while DeGeorge does not

    C) According to
    DeGeorge, the moral motivation for whistleblowing is to avoid participation in
    an immoral action

    D) For DeGeorge,
    whistleblowing must be justified because the whistleblower violates the
    obligation of loyalty
    A
  33. 9) Which of these types of organizational culture
    puts more emphasis on business considerations?

    A)
    Customer-Oriented

    B)
    Engineer-Oriented

    C) Manager-Oriented

    D) Finance-Oriented
    A
  34. 10) Which of the following decisions should be
    appropriate for an engineer?

    A) Value of Product

    B) Employee Welfare

    C) Product
    Reliability

    D) None of the
    Above
    C
  35. 11)  Which
    of the following is an example of groupthink?

    A) Engineers
    compiling different possible solutions to a project

    B) A group of
    teachers offering each other personal ideas on how to improve

    C) Managers
    presenting their goals for a strategic business idea

    D) A group of
    student a agree on an questionable solution to save time
    D
  36. 12)
    Microscopic vision is more limited, but less accurate than egocentric thinking.

                    A) True

                    B) False
    False
  37. •       
    What are anthropocentric ethics?

    •       
    A set of ethics which hold that natural objects have innate value in
    themselves

    •       
    A set of ethics which hold that humans should function as caretakers
    of Earth for future generations’ use

    •       
    A set of ethics which hold that natural objects only have value as
    they contribute to humans

    •       
    None of the above
    C
  38. •       
    Which is not an attitude companies tend to adopt towards environmental
    issues?

    •       
    Minimalist or compliance

    •       
    Progressive

    •       
    Liberal

    •       
    Subminimal
    C
  39. •       
    Which set of principles taken by companies after the Exxon Valdez oil
    spill embodies a progressive attitude toward the environment?

    •       
    LUNA

    •       
    CERES

    •       
    JUNO

    •       
    GAIA
    B
  40. •       
    Which story indicates that people can be driven by self-interest to
    abuse the environment in ways that ultimately harm everyone?

    •       
    The Tragedy of the Commons

    •       
    Silent Spring

    •       
    Walden

    •       
    Environmental Management in Industry
    A
  41. •       
    The most widely known definition of sustainable development by the
    Brundtland Commission defines it as:

    •       
    A pattern of resource use that aims to meet human needs while
    preserving the environment

    •       
    Achieving economic and social development in ways that do not exhaust
    a country's natural resources

    •       
    Development that can be maintained for the next 1000 years without
    harm to the environment

    •       
    Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising
    the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
    D
  42. •       
    Environmentalists developed nonanthropocentric ethics because:

    •       
    They were worried that the current rate of human development would
    quickly exhaust all natural resources

    •       
    They did not consider engineering codes of ethics to provide
    sufficient protection to the environment

    •       
    They believed exclusively human-oriented ethical thinking was
    inadequate to justify a proper concern for the environment

    •       
    None of the above
    C
  43. 7) The view
    that at least some natural objects other than human beings have value in
    themselves, apart from their usefulness to human beings is_______?

                    a) Comparative Criterion

                    b) Nonanthropocentric ethics

                    c) Instrumental value

                    d) Anthropocentric ethics
    B
  44. 8) Which is
    not one of the three attitudes companies take towards environmental issues?

                    a) Subminimal Attitude

                    b) Minimalist (Compliance)
    Attitude

                    c) Aggressive Attitude

                    d) Progressive Attitude
    C
  45. 9) What is
    the purpose of the CERES principles?

                    a) To voluntarily adopt a set of
    principles that embodied a progressive attitude towards the environment

                    b) To involuntarily adopt a set
    of principles that embodied a progressive attitude towards the environment

                    c) To protect the environment in
    their complete form.

                    d) A and C
    D
  46. 10) Which
    of the following closely resembles sustainability?

                    a) To not only keep something in
    existence but also maintain it approximately at the same level of quality or
    function.

                    b) Destroying forests, flooding
    farmlands, draining wetlands

                    c) Garrett Hardin’s influential
    essay “The Tragedy of the Commons”

                    d) None of the Above
    A
  47. 11)
    Nonhuman natural objects including other animals have value only as they
    contribute to human wellbeing is defined as______?

                    a) Comparative Criterion

                    b) Nonanthropocentric ethics

                    c) Instrumental value

                    d) Anthropocentric ethics
    D
  48. 12) The oil
    spill from the EXON Valdez led to the
    adoption of what principles named after the Roman Goddess of Agriculture and
    Fertility?

                    a) POMONA

                    b) VENUS

    c) CERES

    d) ARTEMIS
    C
  49. •       
    How has Texas Instruments responded to the problem of excessive gifts?

    •       
    They set a cap of $15,000

    •       
    They set a percentage of gift to profit ratio

    •       
    They emphasize that gifts should not exert undue pressure to win business

    •       
    They make all gifts go to a local charity
    C
  50. •       
    You give a waiter $20 to cut the line and get a good table.  What is this an example of?

    •       
    Grease Payment

    •       
    Bribery

    •       
    Extortion

    •       
    None of the Above
    A
  51. •       
    Donating a $100,000 to your kid’s little league coach so he can start
    as pitcher.  What is this an example of?

    •       
    Grease Payment

    •       
    Bribery

    •       
    Extortion

    •       
    None of the Above
    B
  52. •       
    City official is taking an unusual amount of time to approve your
    permit and requests a fee to fast-track it. 
    What is this an example of?

    •       
    Grease Payment

    •       
    Bribery

    •       
    Extortion

    •       
    None of the Above
    C
  53. •       
    Giving a family member a job that someone else is better qualified
    for.  What is this an example of?

    •       
    Nepotism

    •       
    Paternalism

    •       
    Both A and B

    •       
    None of the Above
    A
  54. •       
    Dole Pineapple changed the housing environment in a foreign country to
    reflect American ideals without asking the locals.  What is this an example of?

    •       
    Nepotism

    •       
    Paternalism

    •       
    Both A and B

    •       
    None of the Above
    B
  55. •       
    What is moral laxism?

    •       
    Applying moral principles strictly in every situation

    •       
    Applying moral principles so loosely that one acts in their own
    interest

    •       
    Applying moral principles at work but not at home

    •       
    None of the above
    B
  56. •       
    All of these are conditions that lead to the risk of exploitation
    EXCEPT

    •       
    There is an imbalance with power between the dominant and subordinate
    party

    •       
    The dominant party in the relationship exercises discretionary control
    over the needed resources

    •       
     The subordinate is in a
    position to resist the dominant party

    •       
    The subordinate party needs the resources by the dominant party to
    protect his or her vital interests
    C
  57. •       
    Which of the following is an example of bribery

    •       
    Buying a possible business partner a new car to give your company
    preferential treatment

    •       
    Giving an employee extra money to perform higher quality work

    •       
    Sending a fruit basket to a government official when they are sick

    •       
    Working for free to help a friend finish their work on time
    A
  58. •       
    Nepotism is the refusal to hire anyone from one’s own family.

    •       
    True

    •       
    False
    False
  59. •       
    Weak paternalism is acceptable under all of these situations EXCEPT?

    •       
    A person may be under emotional pressure

    •       
    A person may be ignorant of the consequences of his or her actions

    •       
    A person may be too young to comprehend the consequences of his or her
    decision

    •       
     A person has an opposing
    opinion on the subject matter
    D
  60. •       
    A grease payment can be in the form of

    •       
    Petty extortion

    •       
    Small bribes

    •       
    Petty extortion and small bribes

    •       
    None of the above
    C
  61. •       
    What ethical framework does Vallor use to analyze social networking
    technologies?

    •       
    Respect for Persons

    •       
    Utilitarianism

    •       
    Virtue Ethics

    •       
    None of the Above
    C
  62. •       
    What virtue(s) did Vallor analyze?

    •       
    Honesty

    •       
    Empathy

    •       
    Patience

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  63. •       
    According to Vallor, how can technology harm or hurt the analyzed
    virtue(s)?

    •       
    Lack of face-to-face interaction

    •       
    Decrease in overall patience of people

    •       
    Provides an easier avenue to deceive and lye

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  64. •       
    In the Whelchel article, how is
    technological framing described?

    •       
    It becomes dangerous when someone starts
    thinking the “clutter” that has been eliminated is insignificant.

    •       
    It sets up an expansive field of relationships.

    •       
    It treats the world as if it were a
    “standing-reserve”, something at our beck and call.

    •       
    A and C
    D
  65. •       
    Technology is not neutral because:

    •       
     It does not have a value system

    •       
     It is technology’s advantage to
    ensure technological ethos maintains influence in society

    •       
    It is an abstract collection of useful
    skills and knowledge

    •       
     A and C
    B
  66. •       
    Which of the following is not a value
    component present in technological enterprises?

    •       
    Qualification

    •       
    Objectivity

    •       
    Utilitarianism

    •       
    Quantification
    A
  67. •       
    According to Welchel, which of the following is a value component of
    technology?

    •       
    Objectivity

    •       
    Quantification

    •       
    Utilitarianism

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  68. •       
    According to Heideggar, “enframing” is dangerous because:

    •       
    It does not consider utilitarian and
    respect for persons thinking.

    •       
    It causes one to forget about seemingly non-relevant things when
    solving a problem that may really be relevant.

    •       
    It isolates the causal agents when solving a problem.

    •       
    b and c.
    A
  69. •       
    According to Welchel, technology is (Select all that apply):

    •       
    causally neutral because the user determines its effects.

    •       
    causally not neutral because it can change the course of the future.

    •       
    morally neutral because technology cannot choose what to do.

    •       
    morally not neutral because technology has inherent values associated
    with it.
    B & D
  70. •       
    To analyze the ethical impact of social networking technology, Vallor
    uses the ____________ framework.

    •       
    Virtue Ethics

    •       
    Utilitarian

    •       
    Respect for persons

    •       
    Golden mean
    A
  71. •       
    According to Vallor, which virtue is not impacted by social networking
    technology?

    •       
    Empathy

    •       
    Honesty

    •       
    Patience

    •       
    Prudence
    D
  72. •       
    The ability to walk away from a contentious text conversation is an
    example of how technology has aided the virtue of patience.

    •       
    True

    •       
    False
    False
  73. 1. How does the Brundtland
    Report define sustainability?


    a.) Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present
    without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
    b.) Sustainable development is development that meets the essential needs of
    the world's poor.
    c.) Development that is “green”
    d.) Development that minimizes consumption of resources.
    A
  74. 2.) Which of the following is
    not a critical objective for environment and development policies defined in
    the Brundtland Report?

    a.) Reviving Growth
    b.) Conserving and enhancing the resource base
    c.) Stimulating the global economy
    d.) Changing the quality of growth.
    C
  75. 3. According to the
    Brundtland Report, how are individuals in the real world persuaded to act in
    the common interest?


    a.) Education
    b.) Institutional Development
    c.) Law Enforcement
    d.) All of the Above
    D
  76. 4. Which of the following are
    sustainability principles identified by Boyle and Coates?


    a.) Maintaining the viability of the planet
    b.) Solving problems holistically
    c.) Managing changes in the environment
    d.) A & B
    D
  77. 5. What was the purpose of
    the Presidential Task Force convened by Gerry Coates?


    a.) Solving world hunger
    b.) Raising the consciousness of engineers in terms of applying sustainability
    principles in their daily work and thinking.
    c.) Seeking out a solution to rising pollution levels.
    d.)To determine if traditional engineering solutions and ways of thinking would
    produce sustainable solutions.
    B
  78. 6. Which of the following is
    an assumption Boyle and Coates identified to guide sustainable thinking?


    a.) Human basic needs are constantly changing
    b.) Food sources will evolve and adapt over time
    c.) Humans will still be here
    d.) All of the above
    C
  79. 7. According to the
    Brundtland Report, what are not the
    identified five goals for sustainable developement?

    •       
    Economic growth

    •       
    A fair distribution of resources

    •       
    More democratic political systems

    •       
    Social connections
    D
  80. 8. The report was
    an attempt to combine the need of the developing world for continued economic
    development in order to_________.

    •       
    Raise the standard of living

    •       
    Increase sustainability

    •       
    Alter moral standards

    •       
    Increase economic development
    A
  81. 9. Which of
    following are not elements towards the goal of realistic sustainability?

    a.) 
    Minimizing the use of nonrenewable resources

    b.) 
    Utilizing renewing resources at a replaceable rate

    c.) 
    Increasing economic development

    d.) 
    Promoting the equitable distribution of the Earth’s resources
    C
  82. 10. Which of the
    following are not one of the three sustainable practices that Boyles and Coates
    recommend?

    •        
    Maintaining the viability of the planet.

    •        
    Providing for equity within and between generations

    •        
    Solving problems holistically

    •        
    All of the above are the three sustainable practices
    D
  83. 11. According
    Boyles and Coates, which of the following are not key sustainability factors
    for engineers?

    •        
    Minimizing waste

    •        
    Ensuring the equity and safety of engineering activities

    •        
    Problem solving

    •        
    Resolving existing problems
    A
  84. 12. According
    Boyles and Coates, which of the following are not assumptions used to guide
    sustainable thinking in 1000 years?

     

    •        
    Humans will be here

    •        
    Food will still be grown

    •        
    Human basic needs will not be changed

    •        
    Resources will become renewable
    D
  85. Question
    8-1: According to Cody, is technology inherently good or bad?

    a. Good

    b. Bad

    c. Both A
    and B

    d. None of
    the above
    C
  86. Question
    8-2: In which of the following situations would a technological optimist be
    proven wrong?

    a. Using
    the internet to study for an exam

    b. Citing
    an online journal in a research paper

    c. Robots
    destroying the world

    d. Using a
    crowd sourcing program to find a cure for an illness
    C
  87. Question
    8-3: A technological determinist would view technology as

    a. Good

    b. Bad

    c. Both A
    and B

    d. None of
    the above
    D
  88. Question
    8-4: Why were the Amish used as an example on technology and society?

    a. Because
    they are highly advanced and are involved in advancing technology

    b. The
    Amish have a critical attitude toward allowing technology into their community

    c. The
    Amish became extinct because of technology

    d. They are
    known for their rampant cyber crimes
    B
  89. Question
    8-5: In what way is technology seen as an invasion of privacy?

    a. Targeted
    ads on websites

    b. Online
    Banking

    c.
    Employers requiring employees to reveal personal pages on social media websites

    d. Both A
    and C
    D
  90. Question 8-6:
    According to Vallor, which of the following is a communicative virtue?

    a. Patience

    b. Honesty

    c. Empathy

    d. All of
    the above
    D
  91. 7.  Cody Moore’s lectures on technology and
    society featured all of the following attitudes toward technology except

    a.
    Technological optimism

    b.
    Technological minimalism

    c.
    Technological pessimism

    d.
    Technological determinism
    B
  92. 8.
    Technological pessimism is:

    a.
    All technology is good and nothing harmful will come from it

    b.
    Technology is neutral and we should use our own values to evaluate

    c.
    Technology is harmful and affects the way we interact with the world

    d.
    What is technology?
    C
  93. 9.
    Which of the following best describe this following view; Technology has its
    own values that determines how society is shaped over time.?

    a.
    Technological  optimism

    b.
    Technological  pessimism

    c.
    Technological  minimalism

    d.
    Technological  determinism
    D
  94. 10.
    Why did Cody Moore discuss the Amish in his lecture on technology and society
    and what was the key value we were to take from it?

    a.
    To illustrate the evils of technology and how it degraded the values of the
    Amish until the Amish no longer differed from normal society

    b.
    To illustrate how technology has improved the values of the Amish and normal
    society should consider adapting the Amish view

    c.
    To illustrate how the Amish take  a
    critical attitude  towards technology to
    decide if the technology should become apart of their culture  or be discarded by critically evaluate its
    effect on their culture.

    d.
    To illustrate how technology has had no effect on the values of the Amish and
    does not matter what technologies they adapt as they will always stay as is
    C
  95. 11.
    What were the thesis and antithesis that Cody offered concerning technology?

    a.
    A critical attitude towards technology

    b.
    Technological optimism

    c.
    Technological pessimism

    d.
    B and C
    D
  96. 12.
    What did Cody suggest as the synthesis for the thesis and antithesis?

    a.
    A critical attitude towards technology

    b.
    Technological optimism

    c.
    Technological pessimism

    d.
    B and C
    A
  97. 1) According to the end-user license agreement when you buy software,
    you:
    a) Own the software and can sell it as you please
    b) Own a digital copy of the software and can sell it as you please
    c) Own the software and cannot sell it as you please
    d) Own a digital copy of the software and cannot sell it as you please
    D
  98. 2) Copyrights and patents are different because:
    a) Copyrights and patents are the same
    b) Copyrights are for works of authorship while patents are for inventions
    c) Copyrights are for inventions and patents are for works of authorship
    d) Copyrights are legal documents and patents are not
    B
  99. 3) What are the problems of copyrights with software?
    a) Software authorship is harder to define than previous uses of copyright such
    as literary works
    b) Software consists of patentable material, such as the design of the software
    c) Software deserves a sort of “legal hybrid” classification because it can be
    viewed as authorship and invention
    d) All of the above
    D
  100. 4) The courts require which of the following for copyrighting?
    a) The expression must be original
    b) The expression must be functional
    c) The expression must be non-obvious
    d) All of the above are required for copyrighting
    D
  101. 5) The “free” in free market for software means:
    a) Free to run the program for any purpose
    b) Free to redistribute copies so you can help your neighbor
    c) Free to distribute copies of your modified versions to others
    d) All of the above
    D
  102. 6) Engineer
    Joe works for Company A and then leaves to work for Company B, which makes
    similar software. Engineer Joe shares with Company B the software that Company
    A produces. What was the ethical problem with what Engineer Joe did?
    a) There was no ethical problem
    b) Sharing trade secrets
    c) Trademark infringement
    d) None of the above
    B
  103. 7) Which of the following has longest lifespan of
    protection?

                    A)
    Trade Secret

                    B)
    Copyright

                    C)
    Patent

                    D)
    Trademark
    D
  104. 8) If you buy a piece of software from Company X,
    but never sign a EULA, what rights do you have after the purchase of that software?

                    A)
    The right to distribute copies

                    B)
    The right to create derivative works

                    C)
    The right to sell copies

                    D)
    All of above
    D
  105. 9) What was implemented as a result of the First
    Sale Doctrine to resolve the problem of copyrighted software?

                    A)
    Trademarks

                    B)
    EULA (End User License Agreement)

                    C)
    Patent

                    D)
    None of the Above
    B
  106. 10) Which of these is not one of the freedoms of
    “free” software?

                    A)
    Run the software

                    B)
    Change the software to the users liking

                    C)
    Redistribute copies of the software

                    D)
    Copyright the software
    D
  107. 11) If you
    were to write a book, which of these would you use to protect your work?

                    A) Trademark

                    B) Copyright

                    C) Patent

                    D) Trade Secret
    B
  108. 12)Being
    able to use, modify, and redistribute the derivatives of a software as long as
    the distribution terms remain unchanged is a concept defined by?

                    A) Copyleft

                    B) Open Source Software

                    C) Copyright

                    D) None of the Above
    A
  109. •       
    What is employment at will?

    •       
    In the absence of a contract, an employer may discharge an employee at
    any time and for virtually any reason.

    •       
    In the absence of a contract, an employer may not discharge an
    employee at any time.

    •       
    With a contract, an employer may discharge an employee at any time for
    virtually any reason

    •       
    With a contract, an employer may not discharge an employee at any
    time.
    A
  110. •       
    What is the public policy exception to employment at will?

    •       
    Refusal to break the law

    •       
    Performing an important public obligation

    •       
    Not having to protect the public from a clear threat to health and safety

    •       
    Both a and b
    D
  111. •       
    Which of these case(s) helped public policy exception come into
    existence and how recently did it do so?

    •       
    Case of Pierce v Ortho Pharmaceuticals 1980

    •       
    Case of Rocky Mtn. Hospital et al. And Blue Cross/Blue Shield of
    Colorado v. Diana Mariani 1996

    •       
    Case of Martin Marietta v. Paul Lorenz 1992

    •       
    All of these case helped form the public policy exception
    A
  112. •       
    Why was Dr. Grace Pierce’s case cited as employment at will and not
    public policy exception?

    •       
    She appealed to the Hippocratic Oath, not the American Medical
    Association Code of Ethics

    •       
    She appealed to the American Medical Association Code of Ethics, not
    the Hippocratic Oath

    •       
    She resigned prematurely because she did not want to continue the
    testing of the drug

    •       
    Both a and c
    A
  113. •       
    Ethical codes can be a potential source of public policy exception,
    which case(s) help in forming this?

    •       
    Case of Rocky Mtn. Hospital et al. And Blue Cross/Blue Shield of
    Colorado v. Diana Mariani 1996

    •       
    Case of Martin Marietta v. Paul Lorenz 1992

    •       
    Case of Pierce v Ortho Pharmaceuticals 1980

    •       
    All of these case helped form that ethical codes can be used for
    public policy exception
    A
  114. •       
    What was the result of the Lorenz case?

    •       
    He provided sufficient evidence at trial to establish a prima facie
    case for wrongful discharge under public-policy exception to the at-will
    employment doctrine

    •       
    He eventually settled with his former employer

    •       
    He lower courts rejected his claims

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  115. 7.
    According to “employment at will,” when may an employer discharge an employee?

    •       
    Anytime

    •       
    Only after a contract ends

    •       
    During the normal work day

    •       
    Never
    A
  116. 8.  What activities does the Public-Policy
    Exemption  protect?

    •       
    Employee’s refusal to break the law

    •       
    Performing an important public obligation

    •       
    Protecting public from a clear threat to health or safety

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  117. 9. If an
    issue arises with your employer regarding an ethical matter, which of the
    following could be an acceptable form of disobedience?

    •       
    Protest (Blow the whistle)

    •       
    Perform a contrary action

    •       
    Partake in non-participation

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  118. 10. What is
    Non-Participation?

    •       
    Refusing to attend an office social

    •       
    Refusing to design a product which may be unsafe

    •       
    Refusing to go to work because you disagree with a  coworker

    •       
    Watching and providing commentary on a project, but not touching
    anything
    B
  119. 11. When
    did the public policy exemption come into existence?

    •       
    1963

    •       
    1980

    •       
    1989

    •       
    2001
    B
  120. 12. What
    case opened the door to public policy exemption to employment at will?

    •       
    Richard Nixon v. Ernest Fitzgerald

    •       
    Pilgrim v. The World

    •       
    Pierce v. Ortho Pharmaceutical

    •       
    Brown v. Board of Education
    C
  121. 1. Which of
    the following factors greatly influenced Bovay’s character?

    a. Boy
    Scouts of America

    b. His
    father

    c. Bridge
    Builder poem

    d. All of
    the above.
    D
  122. 2. What
    company did Bovay not work with during his career?

    a. General
    Mills

    b.Texaco

    c. Delta

    d. NASA
    A
  123. 3. What
    were some of the drawbacks of his aspirational ethics?

    a. Divorce
    from wife

    b. Loss of
    relationship with children

    c. Putting
    his family in financially hard times

    d. All of
    the above
    D
  124. 4. What is
    something Bovay was NOT known to do?

    a. Writing
    personal letters

    b. Asking
    challenging questions

    c. Saying
    thank you to the secretary

    d. Being
    disloyal to friends
    D
  125. 5. Which is
    not a lesson learned from Bovays story?

    a. Being
    successful includes your relationship with family

    b. Spend
    time with your children while you can

    c. You can
    be an engineer without training

    d. Being an
    entrepreneur has its ups and downs
    C
  126. 6. Who gave the Bovay lecture?

    a. His granddaughter

    b. His niece

    c. A past employee

    d. His friend
    B
  127. 7) Which of
    Mr. Bovay’s activites most exemplifies aspirational ethics?

    •       
    Bringing technology to Small Town, America by way of telephone
    companies

    •       
    Started the Bovay Foundation

    •       
    Volunteering with the Boy Scouts

    •       
    all of the above
    D
  128. 8)Which
    service organization was Mr. Bovay a long time member of?

    •       
    Boy Scouts

    •       
    4-H

    •       
    FFA

    •       
    Girl Scouts
    A
  129. At which
    college(s) did Mr. Bovay establish endowed chairs for ethics?

    •       
    A&M

    •       
    University of Texas

    •       
    Cornell

    •       
    a and c
    D
  130. What were
    the drawbacks to dedicating so much time and effort to his career?

    •       
    didn’t spend enough time with his children

    •       
    He made too much money

    •       
    He didn’t get enough sleep

    •       
    Lost his love of engineering
    A
  131. Who had a
    significant influence on Mr. Bovay’s career?

    •       
    Father

    •       
    His dog, Spot

    •       
    Barack Obama

    •       
    Mother
    A
  132. What kinds
    of projects did Mr. Bovay’s firm work on?

    •       
    Telecommunications

    •       
    Texas A&M’s central energy, heating, and cooling plant

    •       
    William Beaumont General Hospital in El Paso

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  133. •       
    Dr. Holtzapple’s lectures indicate that CO2 emissions have
    increased as a result of human activity to cause global warming.

    •       
    True

    •       
    False
    True
  134. •       
    What evidence does Dr. Holtzapple consider to be the “smoking gun” for
    this argument?

    •       
    After the 1860’s, the ability to track both Anthropocentric and
    natural emissions separately was dwarfed by anthropocentric emissions.

    •       
    A lot of scientists think it is true

    •       
    The average temperature has been rising over the past years.

    •       
    There is a hole in the ozone layer.
    A
  135. •       
    Dr. Holtzapple believes engineers can play a role in shaping our
    relation to the environment.

    •       
    True

    •       
    False
    True
  136. •       
    How does Dr. Holtzapple’s career reflect his belief that global
    warming was caused by anthropocentric emissions?

    •       
    He started a renewable energy company

    •       
    He testified before congress on renewable energy

    •       
    He did work developing the hybrid vehicle. 

    •       
    He wrote a book on global warming.
    A
  137. •       
    What does it mean to say that global warming is “Anthropocentric”

    •       
    Animals are the cause of global warming.

    •       
    Human emissions have aided in global warming.

    •       
    Global warming is a natural phenomenon.

    •       
    Global warming is not happening.
    B
  138. •       
    What is the green house effect as it pertains to global warming?

    •       
    Growing your own plants in a garden.

    •       
    The process that traps heat energy from the sun in our atmosphere.

    •       
    The process that traps heat energy from the sun in a building.

    •       
    The process that reflects energy from the sun back into space.
    B
  139. 7.
    According to Dr. Holtzapple, human activity is responsible for global warming.

                    a. True

                    b. False
    True
  140. 8. Which of
    these is not an issue that Dr. Holtzapple believes to be an environmental
    concern?

                    a. Ozone depletion

                    b. Energy

                    c. Workplace safety

                    d. Global warming
    C
  141. 9. Which of
    the following views does not fit into the “new ethical system” discussed by Dr.
    Holtzapple?

                    a. The rights of future humans
    must be respected

                    b. The human population can
    expand without concern for harming the environment

                    c. We should leave the earth in
    better shape than we found it

                    d. Plants, animals, and the
    earth must not be caused undue harm
    B
  142. 10. Which
    of the following is not a project on which Dr. Holtzapple has worked in order
    to have a positive impact on the environment?

                    a. Fuels and chemicals from
    biomass, e.g. sorghum

                    b. StarRotor electric motor

                    c. The biosphere

                    d. Both a and b
    D
  143. 11. Which
    of the following is thought to be responsible for global warming?

                    a. Past carbon dioxide levels
    measured in ice core samples

                    b. Increase in temperature of
    the sun

                    c. Emission of greenhouse gasses

                    d. All of the above
    C
  144. 12. Dr.
    Holtzapple believes that engineers do not play a role in shaping our relation
    to the environment.

                    a. True

                    b. False
    False
  145. •       
    Which of the following is NOT an example of unsustainable practices
    mentioned by Dr. Autenreith?

    •       
    Illegal trade of animals

    •       
    Fishing for large fish

    •       
    Installing solar panels on buildings

    •       
    Disposing of trash into a nearby body of water
    C
  146. •       
    According to Dr. Autenreith, which of the following is NOT an example
    of how engineers can innovate?

    •       
    Discover alternative energy sources

    •       
    Continue using technology and products that are sufficient today
    (Correct Answer)===

    •       
    Implement technology that enables efficient use of water

    •       
    Consider new materials to utilize in products
    B
  147. •       
    Which of the following best describes a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)?

    •       
    A technique used to assess the potential environmental impact
    associated with a product or service throughout its life cycle

    •       
    An analysis performed to determine when a product will become obsolete

    •       
    A method of deriving how many more years a machine in service may stay
    in workable condition

    •       
    A procedure used to determine the total amount of monetary production
    or profit a product or service will generate throughout its lifespan
    A
  148. •       
    What are the three components of a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)?

    •       
    impact assessment, mitigation procedure, interpretation

    •       
    inventory analysis, impact assessment, interpretation

    •       
    lifecycle determination, interpretation, inventory analysis

    •       
    inventory analysis, output determination, interpretation
    B
  149. •       
    Which of these is a weakness of the Life Cycle Assessment?

    •       
    An LCA does not determine the cost effectiveness of a product or
    process.

    •       
    An LCA does not identify improvement opportunities for a product or
    service in its lifetime.

    •       
    LCAs do not define the function of the product system.

    •       
    All of the above.
    A
  150. •       
    Which of the following is not
    a strength of the Life Cycle Assessment?

    •       
    An LCA evaluates potential environmental impacts that a product or
    service has during its lifetime.

    •       
    An LCA is useful in supporting sustainability efforts.

    •       
    Data collection is easy to conduct and does not consume many
    resources.

    •       
    Marketing opportunities increase when an LCA is used; eco-labeling can
    attract more customers to that product or service.
    C
  151. 7. Which of the following is an example of
    unsustainable practices?

    A . Pollution

    B . Hunting

    C . Deforestation

    D. All of the above
    D
  152. 8. What is an example of ways engineers can innovate in saving water?

    A. xeriscape

    B. Flow reduced faucets

    C. grey water reuse

    D. All of the above
    A
  153. 9. What is a Life Cycle Assessment.

    A. A technique to assess the potential environmental impacts
    associated with a product or service throughout its life cycle

    B. Inventory analysis compiling an inventory of relevant inputs and
    outputs of a product system.

    C. A technique to assess the potential social impacts associated with
    a product or service throughout its life cycle

    D. A technique to assess the potential economic impacts associated with
    a product or service throughout its life cycle
    A
  154. 10. Components of LCA

    A.  Social

    B. Environment

    C. Economic

    D. All of the above
    D
  155. 11. What is a strength of LCAs

    A. Scientists can include the consumption
    or production of resources like energy or carbon emissions, even if the
    products are moved to another geographic location or if changed from one form
    to another.

    B. Results obtained can be specific and it can be difficult
    to extrapolate out to all industries or all farms.

    C. Very little inventory data may be available and best
    estimates are required.

    D. Collecting
    this data is time-consuming and costly.
    A
  156. 12. What is NOT a weakness of LCA.

    A.
    Results obtained can be specific and it can be difficult to extrapolate out to
    all industries or all farms.

    B. Very
    little inventory data may be available and best estimates are required.

    C.
    Collecting this data is time-consuming and costly.

    D. Scientists can include
    the consumption or production of resources like energy or carbon emissions,
    even if the products are moved to another geographic location or if changed
    from one form to another.
    D
  157. •       
    Which ethical statement claims that, beyond a certain point, wealth
    and material belongings do not contribute to one’s well-being?

    •       
    Hedonic Treadmill

    •       
    Easterlin Paradox

    •       
    Objectivism

    •       
    Preventative Ethics
    A
  158. •       
    Which statement shown below was incorporated into Martha Nussbaum’s
    List of Functionings?

    •       
    Moving about freely and safely

    •       
    Having love and attachments to things and to other people

    •       
    Engaging in recreational activity

    •       
    All of the above
    D
  159. •       
    In the Hedonic Treadmill theory-

    •       
    People agree that beyond a point, material well-being will increase
    overall well-being

    •       
    People who have a strong desire for wealth, by default are generally
    less happy

    •       
    Well being is defined in terms of personal happiness, wealth, and
    material belongings

    •       
    People seek stimuli, but adjust to them and want more.
    D
  160. •       
    Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs includes all of the following except:

    •       
    Safety & Security

    •       
    Self-actualization

    •       
    Self-realization

    •       
    Self-esteem
    C
  161. •       
    Which of the following is a parameter for design?

    •       
    Environmental Impact

    •       
    Modularity

    •       
    Simplicity

    •       
    Product life
    A
  162. •       
    With respect to under-developed countries, the primary focus of
    engineers should be:

    •       
    Adhering to political and social agendas

    •       
    Committing to promoting development in under-developed countries

    •       
    Using natural resources of under-developed countries to increase
    revenue

    •       
    Focusing on the improvement of conditions in the developed country
    B
  163. 7. The
    Easterlin Paradox would best be described by which of the following:

    •       
    More money = more happiness

    •       
    Less money = more happiness

    •       
    More money = more happiness, up to a point

    •       
    Happiness and money are unrelated
    A
  164. 8.  Which of the following is not a part of
    Maslow’s Hierarchy?

    •       
    Self righteousness

    •       
    Physical Needs

    •       
    Love & belongingness

    •       
    Self-Esteem
    C
  165. 9. How
    might Maslow’s Hierarchy explain the Easterlin Paradox?

    •       
    Money cannot buy any of your needs and you must find all from within

    •       
    Money can buy all of your needs, but you will never be happy

    •       
    Money can only buy some of your needs and wants, while others are
    found from within

    •       
    Self-actualization is the level at which the Easterlin Paradox is
    satisfied
    D
  166. 10. Which
    of the following are subjective measures of well-being?

    •       
    Feeling of ‘happiness’ or pleasure

    •       
    Positive mood

    •       
    Life Satisfaction

    •       
    All of the Above
    C
  167. 11. Which
    of these is not a “functioning” as set by Martha Nussbaum in the Capabilities
    approach?

    •       
    Living a normal length of life

    •       
    Having love and attachments to things

    •       
    Neglecting to participate in the political process

    •       
    Being treated with respect and dignity
    B
  168. 12. Which
    of the following is not an objective measure of well-being?

    •       
    Flourishing

    •       
    Self Actualization

    •       
    Self-realization

    •       
    Meaningfulness
    B

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview