Card Set Information
the period of tension between the USSR and US following WWII
What was the name for institution FDR hoped would promote world peace, which was based on Wilson's League of Nations?
What happened to Germany shortly after WWII?
was divided into 4 occupation zones.
The Marshall plan was designed to
help European nations recover from the war.
The main purpose of the security council of the UN is to
prevent member nations from using their veto power.
What term did Winston Churchill use to describe the separating of the East from West by the Communists?
Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka was a landmark case because it ruled:
that segregated schools were unconstitutional.
The US became involved in the Korean War in order to
stop the spread of Soviet influence.
The Communist leader who, in 1949, established the People's Republic of China
What failed operation into Cuba under Kennedy led directly to the Cuban Missile Crisis?:
Bay of Pigs
Joseph McCarthy was most famous for
his anti Communism
Your book calls this president's administration "more symbol than substance."
John F. Kennedy.
The idea behind the ecumenical movement was
Christians should settle their differences and united.
What was the name for the scandal which ruined Nixon's presidency?
Richard Nixon's 2nd Vice President, who replaced Agnew, was named:
What description best fits Gerald Ford:
honest and hardworking
While both the 60's and the 70's featured significant domestic strife, the 70's featured
What caused OPEC to place an oil embargo against the USA in 1973?
The US supported Israel, which Arab countries attacked it.
By 1978, the number of abortions performed in America each year reached over
The Republican who seriously challenged Gerald Ford for his party's nomination in 1976 was
The cornerstone of Jimmy Carter's foreign policy was
Defense of human rights
Jimmy Carter's greatest foreign policy triumph was
Camp David Accords.
Reagan asked for increases for
What aspect of Reagan Revolution was the president least successful carrying out?
balancing the budget
Reagan policy that experienced radical shift during second term
2 events in 1986 that limited Reagan's effectiveness
Iran- Contra affair/ loss of Senate majority
Why did the U.S. supply arms to Iran?
Provide financial support for the Contras, encourage release of American hostages in Iran, encourage a moderate successor of the Ayatollah Khomeini in Iran
who ran against George Bush for Republican presidential nominee in 1988?
Major campaign promise George Bush broke during presidency?
not increase taxes
Issue that Clinton focused on attacking Bush during 1992 election?
Reagan's budget restraints:
increased the burdens of the poor, despite "safety net"
What cast doubts on Reagan's ability to manage White House?
The Iran-Contra Affair
most European nations response to Hitler in 1939 was:
Japanese-Americans living on West coast of US in early 1942 were sent to camps because
they were a potential threat to security
After Germany's attack on Poland:
the Soviet Union divided Poland with Germany and attacked Finland
Beginning in 1941, the brunt of war for the allies in Europe fell to
the Soviet Union
in late 1930's, FDR's reaction to Europe events was:
concerned, he saaw Hitler's threat
British Prime Minister who returned after meeting Hitler proclaaiming "peace in our time" was:
FDR's "Day of Infamy" speech was a response to:
American forces in far east were led by:
Through the war, Stalin's hope concerning the US was:
He hoped US would open a second front in Europe
The general who planned D-day was:
What ended the war with Japan?
the atomic bomb
Your book portrays Roosevelt's performance at Yalta as:
dissappointing, because of FCR's wishful thinking and declining health
Who replaced Franklin Roosevelt as president when Roosevelt died in 1945?
The allied countries which represented "The Big Three" were:
England, Russia, and USA
In the Panama Canal Treaty, the US:
promised to give the canal up in 2000
What was Jimmy Carter's "most damaging defeat?
Iranian hostage situation
The election of 1980 showed:
Americans responded well to Reagan's optimism
The man who replaced J. Kennedy after Kennedy's assassination
The over all name for Lindon Johnson's program to eliminate poverty and to create equality for opprotunity
The Great Society.
Text book says the Great Society was
"on the whole, a failure."
The preident. that helped pass the greatest civil rights act and voting rights act was
The Communists in Vietnam were known as
What gave the president the authority to "take all necessary measures" to prevent future agression in the USA.
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Early in the Vietnam conflict, a majority of Americans
supported the war.
The Tet Offense
showed that the US was not close to winning as Americans had been lead to believe.
Racial upheaval in the 1960's was most violent when
the civil right movement splintered and radicalized.
What kept Robert Kennedy from the Democratic nomination?
He was shot and killed
Nixon was successful in dealing with
What occured at Kent State University in 1970?
Riots went on and students were shot.
What characteristics makes TR him?
agression, righteousness, pride, militarism
Under TR, what policy was restated?
The Monroe Doctrine
What are TR's greatest acheivements in foreign policy?
Russian-Japanese War, the Great White Fleet
Laid foundation for federal government
American foreign policy faced two basic tasks:
maintain world peace and stabilize world's economy
Panic in the US in the 20s:
Belief that there are certain fundamental doctrines which no one can deny and be a Christian
Charlie Chaplin's short film during the WWI
Under Herbert Hoover in the 30s, the US saw:
the Great Depression
FDR's answer for the Great Depression that saved the economy:
The New Deal: relief, recovery, reform
According to Mr. Cook, why did Hitler fail?
Through his own impatience, he sped up history, which triggered his own demise.
According to Mr. Cook and most historians, who caused the Cold War?
What is Truman's Doctrine of Containment?
policy that incorporated both military and economic action to prevent the spread of communism
Cold War and peacetime economic recovery
According to Mr. Cook, why did Americans fear Communists in the 40s?
It was actually a threat!
How did the Cuban Missile Crisis end?
Negotiated to pull missles out from Turkey and never to invade Cuba if USSR pulled missiles out of Cuba.
What changes occured in Liberalism in the 60s?
helping the poor. Motivating factor of Liberalism changes.
According to Mr. Cook, the 60s changed...
everything but was bad.
60s was the age of
polarization and fragmentation (traditional vs radical)
How did the Cold War end?
Soviets couldn't hold themselves up, then came to US to end the war.
John Winthrop and E Pluribus Unum advised: