General Science Mod 1

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jhschraeder
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218089
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General Science Mod 1
Updated:
2013-08-27 13:39:34
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Apologia General Science Module
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Flashcards for Exploring Creation with General Science Mod 1
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  1. Science
    The classification of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world.
  2. Papyrus
    An ancient form of paper, made from a plant of the same name.
  3. Spontaneous generation
    The idea that living organisms can be spontaneously formed from non-living substances.
  4. Lessons from the history of science
    Even though a scientist may be very smart, he could be wrong.
  5. Imhotep
    Imhotep was renowned for his knowledge of medicine. People traveled from all over the Middle East to visit Imhotep, hoping he would cure their illnesses.
  6. Why do we not consider the Ancient Egyptian medical personnel scientists?
    Because they did not use their accumulation of observable facts in order to formulate general laws about the natural world.
  7. Thales
    Thales studied the heavens.
  8. Anaximander
    He was interested in the study of life.
  9. Anaximenes
    He believed all things were constructed of air.
  10. Leucippus
    He believed that air was the most basic substance in nature. In fact, he believed all things were constructed of air.
  11. Democritus
    Democritus used the following illustration to communicate his ideas about atoms.
  12. Who championed the idea of spontaneous generation and is responsible for it being believed for so long?
    Aristotle
  13. Who came up with the first classification scheme for living creatures?
    He was the first to make a large-scale attempt at the classification of animals and plants.
  14. What is the main difference between the geocentric system and the heliocentric system? Which is correct?
    The geocentric system places the earth in the middle of the solar system with all the other heavenly bodies orbiting around it and the heliocentric system places the sun in the middle of the solar system with the other heavenly bodies rotating around it. The heliocentric system is correct.
  15. What was the main goal of the alchemists?
    Alchemists wanted to turn lead into gold.
  16. Why don't we consider the alchemists to be scientists?
    They didn't do anything logical. They just thought that if they mixed the right things in, they would get gold.
  17. What was the main reason that science progressed near the end of the Dark Ages?
    The Roman Catholic Church.
  18. Who is considered to be the first modern scientist and why does he deserve that honor?
    Robert Grosseteste, he wanted to explain why things happened the way they did. That is the essence of science.
  19. Two great works were published in 1543. Who were the authors and what were the subjects?
    The first was published by Nicolaus Copernicus. It was about the earth, sun, planets, and stars. The other one was published by Andreas Vesalius. It was a book that tried to show all the details of the human body.
  20. Although Galileo collected an enormous amount of data in support of the heliocentric system, he was forced to publicly reject it. Why?
    The Roman Catholic Church would not let go of the geocentric view and put Galileo on trial for heresy.
  21. Galileo built an instrument based on descriptions he had heard of a military device. This allowed him to collect a lot more data about the heavens. What did he build?
    While many works claim that Galileo invented the telescope, he did not. He heard about a device that was designed for the military by Hans Lippershey.
  22. Who was Sir Isaac Newton? Name at least three of his accomplishments.
    He formulated a universal law of gravitation. He invented calculus. And he made a different design of the telescope.
  23. A major change in scientific approach took place during the Enlightenment. What was good about the change and what was bad about it?
    This period in history marks the beginning of a change.
  24. What was Lavoisier's greatest contribution to science?
    He was the first to realize that matter cannot be created or destroyed – it can only change forms.
  25. What is John Dalton remembered for?
    Perhaps his most important work was his atomic theory.
  26. What is Charles Darwin remembered for?
    Evolution.
  27. What does "immutability of species" mean, and who showed that this notion is wrong?
    Scientists thought that every type of creature that exists today has existed throughout history. Consider dogs, for example. Scientists of this time period and before thought that Saint Bernards, dachshunds, and chihuahuas always existed. Each of these breeds of dog lived throughout history, essentially unchanged. This idea was called the immutability of the species. Charles Darwin showed it was wrong.
  28. What is Gregor Mendel remembered for?
    The entire field of modern genetics, which studies how traits are passed on from parent to offspring, is based on his work.
  29. James Clerk Maxwell is known as the founder of modern _______.
    Physics.
  30. What law did James Joule demonstrate to be true?
    Like matter, energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only change forms.
  31. What is the fundamental assumption behind quantum mechanics? Who first proposed it?
    You can gather one atom of matter or two atoms, but you cannot gather any amount in between.
  32. What is Niels Bohr remembered for?
    Bohr developed a picture of the atom, which we call the Bohr Model.
  33. Einstein was one of the founders of the quantum mechanical revolution. He also is famous for two other ideas. What are they?
    E=mc2 and  the general theory of relativity.

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