解剖2Anatomy2

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a60728a60728
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218106
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解剖2Anatomy2
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2013-05-26 13:48:54
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anatomy
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馬偕大體解剖part2
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  1. 右心房
    Right atrium
  2. 右心耳
    Right auricle
  3. 終嵴
    Crista terminalis

    (右心房 right atrium)
  4. 梳狀肌
    Pectinate muscle
  5. 卵圓窩
    Fossa ovalis

    (右心房 right atrium)
  6. 上腔靜脈和下腔靜脈的開口
    Opening of SVC and IVC

    (右心房 right atrium)
  7. 冠狀竇的開口
    Opening of coronary sinus

    (右心房 right atrium)
  8. 三尖瓣
    Tricuspid valve (ant. post. septal)

    (右心室 right ventricle)
  9. 腱索
    Chordae tendineae
  10. 乳頭狀肌
    Papillary muscle (ant. post septal)
  11. 心肉柱
    Trabecular carneae
  12. 動脈錐
    Conus arteriosus  (infundibulum)

    (接 pulmonary trunk)
  13. 節制帶
    Moderator band

    (右心室 right ventricle)
  14. 肺動脈瓣
    Pulmonary valve (ant. left right)

    (右心室 right ventricle)
  15. 左心耳 (含梳狀肌)
    Left auricle (with pectinate muscle)
  16. 左心房(不含梳狀肌)
    Left atrium (without pectinate muscle)
  17. 肺靜脈開口
    Opening of pulmonary vein

    (左心房 left atrium 左二、右二)
  18. 僧帽瓣
    Mitral valve (ant. post.)

    (左心室 left ventricle)
  19. 腱索
    Chordae tendineae
  20. 乳頭狀肌
    Papillary muscle (ant. post.)

    (左心室 left ventricle)
  21. 主動脈瓣
    Aortic valve (post. left right)

    • (左心室 left ventricle )
    • (半月瓣尖 semilunar cusp)
  22. 左冠狀動脈
    → 前室間支
    → 迴旋支
    • Left coronary artery
    • → anterior interventricular branch
    • → circumflex branch
  23. 右冠狀動脈
    → 後室間支
    → 邊緣支
    → 動脈錐支 →竇房結支
    • Right coronay artery
    • → posterior interventricular branch
    • → marginal branch
    • → atrial branch →SA nodal branch
  24. 冠狀竇
    Coronary sinus
  25. 大心靜脈
    • Great cardiac vein
    • (與前室間支)
  26. 中心靜脈
    • Middle cardiac vein
    • (與後室間支)
  27. 胸腺
    Thymus
  28. 食道
    Esophagus
  29. 氣管
    Trachea
  30. 氣管分支
    bifurcation of trachea
  31. 胸管
    • Thoracic duct
    • (注入左鎖骨下靜脈與內頸靜脈之間)
  32. 主動脈弓:
    頭臂動脈幹
    左總頸動脈
    左鎖骨下動脈
    • aortic arch:
    • Brachiocephalic trunk (右,再分出右總頸與右鎖骨下)
    • Left common carotid artery
    • Left subclavian artery
  33. 胸主動脈 → 後肋間動脈
    Thoracic aorta → posterior intercostals artery
  34. 頭臂靜脈
    • Brachiocephalic vein
    • (上腔靜脈分出左右頭臂靜脈)
  35. 後肋間靜脈
    → 奇靜脈
    → 上腔靜脈
    • Posterior intercostal vein
    • → azygos vein (右)
    • → SVC
  36. 副半奇靜脈
    • Accessory hemiazygos vein
    • (左上,8以上)
  37. 半奇靜脈
    • Hemiazygos vein
    • (左,八下)
  38. 左膈神經
    Left phrenic nerve
  39. 右膈神經
    Right phrenic nerve
  40. 左迷走神經
    → 食道神經叢
    → 前迷走神經幹
    左喉返神經(繞過動脈韌帶)
    • Left vagus nerve
    • → Esohageal plexus
    • → Anterior vagal trunk (貼著食道到胃)
    • Left recurrent laryngeal nerve (繞過ligamentum arteriosum)
    • (動脈韌帶連結主動脈弓與肺動脈)
  41. 右迷走神經
    → 食道神經叢
    → 後迷走神經幹
    右喉返神經
    • Right vagus nerve
    • → Esophageal plexus
    • → posterior vagal trunk
    • Right recurrent laryngeal nerve
  42. 肋間神經
    Intercostals nerve
  43. 交感神經幹
    • Sympathetic trunk
    • (總頸動脈內側)
  44. 大胸內臟神經
    Greater splanchnic nerve
  45. 下頷舌骨肌
    Mylohyoid muscle
  46. 頦舌骨肌
    Geniohyoid muscle
  47. 莖舌骨肌
    Stylohyoid muscle
  48. 二腹肌(前腹 & 後腹)
    Digastric muscel (anterior belly & posterior belly)
  49. 胸舌骨肌
    Sternohyoid muscle
  50. 甲狀舌骨肌
    Thyrohyoid muscle
  51. 肩胛舌骨肌 (上腹和下腹)
    Omohyoid muscle (superior belly and inferior belly)
  52. 環甲狀肌
    Cricothyroid muscle
  53. 甲狀舌骨膜
    Thyrohyoid membrane
  54. 頸襻(上根和下根)
    • Ansa cervicalis (superior root and inferior root)
    • 舌下神經分出/C2+C3
  55. 迷走神經
    → 上喉神經
    → 內喉神經
    → 外喉神經
    • Vagus nerve
    • → Superior laryngeal nerve
    • → Internal laryngeal nerve (穿過甲狀舌骨膜)
    •     External laryngeal nerve (貼著common carotid )
  56. 喉返神經
    Recurrent laryngeal nerve
  57. 副神經
    • Accessory nerve
    • (Jugular foramen鑽出,同迷走神經)
  58. 舌下神經
    • Hypoglossal nerve
    • (自舌下神經管鑽出,走到mylohyoid m.後)
  59. 下頷舌骨神經
    • Mylohyoid nerve
    • (三叉神經V3→下齒槽神經inferior alveolar n.→到下頷舌骨跡的神經)
  60. 總頸動脈
    → 內頸動脈
    → 外頸動脈
    • Common carotid artery
    • → Internal carotid artery
    • → External carotid artery
  61. 外頸動脈分支
    1. 上甲狀腺動脈 → 上喉動脈
    2. 舌動脈
    3. 顏面動脈 → 頦下動脈
    4. 升咽動脈
    5. 枕動脈
    6. 耳後動脈
    7. 淺顳動脈
    8. 上頷動脈
    • Branch of external carotid artery:
    • 1. Superior thyroid artery → Superior laryngeal artery
    • 2. Lingual artery
    • 3. Facial artery → Submental artery
    • 4. Ascending pharyngeal artery
    • 5. Occipital artery
    • 6. Posterior auriclar artery
    • 7. Superficial temporal artery
    • 8. Maxillary artery
  62. 內頸靜脈
    Internal jugular vein
  63. 顏面靜脈
    Facial vein
  64. 上甲狀腺靜脈
    Superior thyroid vein
  65. 甲狀腺
    Thyroid gland
  66. 下頷下腺
    Submandiblar gland
  67. a
    Intermediate tendon
  68. 頸長肌
    Longus colli mescle
  69. 頭長肌
    Longus capitis muscle
  70. 頭夾肌
    Splenius capitis muscle
  71. 前斜角肌
    Anterior scalene muscle
  72. 左膈神經
    Left phrenic nerve
  73. 左迷走神經
    → 左喉返神經
    • Left vagus nerve
    • → Left recurrent laryngeal nerve
  74. 右迷走神經
    → 右喉返神經
    • Right vagus nerve
    • → Right recurrent laryngeal nerve
  75. 臂神經叢
    Brachial plexus
  76. 交感神經幹
    Sympathetic trunk
  77. 鎖骨下動脈(first part)

    椎動脈
    甲狀頸動脈幹
    → 下甲狀腺動脈 →→ 升頸動脈
    → 肩胛上動脈
    → 淺頸動脈
    Subclavian artery ( first part)

    • Vertebral artery
    • Internal thoracic artery
    • Thyrocervical trunk
    • → Inferior thyroid artery →→ Ascending cervical artery
    • → Suprascapular artery
    • → superficial cervical artery
  78. 鎖骨下動脈(second part)

    肋頸動脈幹
    → 最高肋間動脈和深頸動脈
    Subclavian artery (second part)

    • Costocervical trunk
    • → highest intercostal and deep cervical arteries
  79. 鎖骨下動脈 (third part)

    背側肩胛動脈
    Subclavian artery (third part)

    Dorsal scapular artery (often arises as a branch of the transverse cervical artery)
  80. 中甲狀靜脈
    Middle thyroid vein
  81. 下甲狀靜脈
    Inferior thyroid vein
  82. 鎖骨下靜脈
    Subclavian vein
  83. 胸管
    Thoracic duct
  84. 副甲狀腺
    Parathyroid gland
  85. 顳肌
    Temporalis muscle
  86. 嚼肌
    • Masseter muscle
    • (附在下頷骨角上,頰肌外面)
  87. 橫顏面動脈
    • Transverse facial artery
    • (淺顳動脈分出)
  88. 淺顳動脈
    Superficial temporal artery
  89. 上頷動脈
    Maxillary artery
  90. 腮腺和腮管
    Parotid gland and Parotid duct
  91. 外翼肌
    • Lateral pterygoid muscle
    • (橫向,連到coronoid process)
  92. 內翼肌
    • Medial pterygoid muscle
    • (斜向後)
  93. CN5-3 Mandibular nerve (前分支)
    - 前深顳神經
    - 後深顳神經
    - 頰神經
    - 嚼肌神經
    - 外翼肌神經
    • CN5-3 (Anterior division)
    • - Anterior deep temporal nerve
    • - Posterior deep temporal nerve
    • - Buccal nerve
    • - Masseteric nerve
    • - Lateral pterygoid nerve
  94. CN5-3 Mandibular nerve (後分支)
    - 耳顳神經
    - 舌神經
    - 股索神經
    - 下齒槽神經
        → 下頷舌骨肌神經
        → 頦神經
    • CN5-3 (Posterior division)
    • - Auriculotemporal nerve
    • - Lingual nerve
    • - Chorda tympani nerve
    • - Inferior alveolar nerve
    •     → Mylohyoid nerve
    •     → Mental nerve
  95. 上頷動脈分支 (First part)
    - 中腦膜動脈
    - 副腦膜動脈
    - 下齒槽動脈
    • Branch of maxillary artery (First part)
    • - Middle meningeal artery
    • - Accessory meningeal artery
    • - Inferior alveolar artery
  96. 上頷動脈分支(Second part)
    - 前深顳動脈
    - 後深顳動脈
    - 頰動脈
    - 嚼肌動脈
    - 外翼肌動脈
    - 內翼肌動脈
    • Branch of maxillary artery (Second part)
    • - Anterior deep temporal artery
    • - Posterior deep temporal artery
    • - Buccal artery
    • - Masseteric artery
    • - Lateral pterygoid artery
    • - Medial pterygoid artery
  97. 上咽縮肌
    Superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle
  98. 中咽縮肌
    Middle pharyngeal constrictor muscle
  99. 下咽縮肌
    Inferior pharyngeal constrictor muscle
  100. 顎咽肌
    Palatopharyngeus muscle
  101. 耳咽管咽肌
    Salpingopharyngeus muscle
  102. 莖咽肌
    Stylopharyngeus muscle
  103. 提顎帆肌
    Levator veli palatini muscle
  104. 舌咽神經
    Glossopharyngeal nerve
  105. 迷走神經
    → 上喉神經
    → 上喉神經的內支和外支
    • Vagus nerve
    • → Superior laryngeal nerve
    • → Internal and External laryngeal nerve
  106. 上頸神經節
    Superior cervical ganglion
  107. 總頸動脈
    → 內頸動脈
    → 外頸動脈
    →→ 上甲狀腺動脈
    →→ 舌動脈
    →→ 顏面動脈
    →→ 升咽動脈
    →→ 枕動脈
    →→ 耳後動脈
    (淺顳動脈、上頷動脈)
    • Common carotid artery
    • → Internal carotid artery
    • → External carotid artery
    • →→ Superior thyroid artery
    • →→ Lingual artery
    • →→ Facial artery
    • →→ Ascending pharyngeal artery
    • →→ Occipital artery
    • →→ Posterior auricular artery
  108. 後鼻孔
    Choanae
  109. 中和下鼻甲
    Middle and inferior concha
  110. 耳咽管開口
    Opening of auditory tube
  111. 耳咽管隆凸
    Torus tubarius
  112. 耳管咽摺
    Salpingopharyngeal fold
  113. 咽隱窩
    Pharyngeal recess
  114. 咽扁桃體
    Pharyngeal tonsil
  115. 軟顎
    Soft palate
  116. 懸雍垂
    Uvula
  117. 顎舌弓
    Palatoglossal arch
  118. 顎咽弓
    Palatopharyngeal arch
  119. 顎扁桃體
    Palatine tonsil
  120. 會厭
    Epiglottis
  121. 喉入口
    Laryngeal inlet
  122. 鼻中膈
    Nasal septum
  123. 蝶篩隱窩
    → 蝶竇開口
    • Sphenoethmoid recess
    • → Opening of sphenoid sinus
  124. 上鼻甲
    Superior nasal concha
  125. 上鼻道
    → 後篩骨氣室開口
    • Superior nasal meatus
    • → Opening of posterior ethmoid sinus
  126. 中鼻甲
    Middle nasal concha
  127. 中鼻甲
    → 篩骨泡
    →→ 中篩骨氣室開口
    → 半月裂孔
    →→ 前篩骨氣室開口
    →→ 上頷竇開口
    →→額竇開口
    • Middle nasal meatus
    • → Ethmoidal bulla
    • →→ Opening of middle ethmoidal sinus
    • → Semilunar hiatus
    • →→ Opening of anterior ethmoidal sinus
    • →→ Opening of maxillary sinus
    • →→ Opening of frontal sinus
    •        (through frontonasal duct)
  128. 下鼻甲
    Inferior nasal concha
  129. 下鼻道
    → 鼻淚管開口
    • Inferior nasal meatus
    • → Opening of nasolacrimal canal
  130. 翼顎神經節
    Pterygopalatine ganglian
  131. 大顎神經
    Greater palatine nerve
  132. 鼻顎神經
    Nasopalatine nerve
  133. 蝶顎動脈
    Sphenopalatine artery
  134. 降顎動脈
    →大顎動脈
    →小顎動脈
    • Descending palatine artery
    • → Greater palatine artery
    • → Lesser palatine artery
    • (大顎孔鑽出
  135. 舌骨舌肌
    Hyoglossus muscle
  136. 頦舌肌
    Genioglossus muscle
  137. 莖舌肌
    Styloglossus muscle
  138. 顎舌肌
    Palatoglossus muscle
  139. 舌咽神經
    Glossopharyngeal nerve
  140. 舌下神經
    Hypoglossal nerve
  141. 舌動脈
    → 舌骨上動脈
    → 背側舌動脈
    → 舌下動脈
    → 深舌動脈
    • Lingual artery
    • → Suprahyoid artery
    • → Dorsal lingual artery
    • → Sublingual artery (下)
    • → Deep lingual artery (上)
  142. 下頷下管
    Submandibular duct
  143. 舌下腺
    Sublingual gland
  144. 舌扁桃體
    Lingual tonsil
  145. 後環杓肌
    Posterior cricoarytenoid muscle
  146. 外側環杓肌
    Lateral cricoarytenoid muscle
  147. 橫杓肌
    Transverse arytenoids muscle
  148. 斜杓肌
    Oblique arytenoid muscle
  149. 環甲狀肌
    Cricothyroid muscle
  150. 前庭摺(假聲摺)
    Vestibular fold (False vocal fold)
  151. 聲摺
    Vocal fold
  152. Ventricle
  153. 前庭
    Vestibule
  154. 聲門下區
    Infraglottic cavity
  155. 會厭軟骨
    Epiglottic cartilage
  156. 甲狀軟骨
    Thyroid cartilage
  157. 環狀軟骨
    Cricoid cartilage
  158. 杓狀軟骨
    Arytenoid cartilage
  159. 迷走神經
    → 上喉神經的內外分支
    → 喉返神經
    • Vagus
    • → Internal and external br. of superior layngeal nerve
    • → Recurrent laryngeal nerve
  160. 肝 橫膈表面
    Liver Diaphragmatic surface
  161. 肝 內臟表面
    Liver Visceral surface
  162. 肝門
    Porta hepatis
  163. 冠狀韌帶
    Coronary ligment
  164. 右三角韌帶
    Right triangular ligment
  165. 左三角韌帶
    Left triangular ligment
  166. 鐮狀韌帶
    Falciform ligment
  167. 圓韌帶-閉鎖的臍靜脈
    Round ligament of liver--obliterated umbilical vein
  168. 肝分葉I 尾葉
    caudal love
  169. 肝分葉II
    Lateral superior segment
  170. 肝分葉III
    Lateral inferior segment
  171. 肝分葉IV
    Medial segment
  172. 肝分葉V
    Anterior inferior segment
  173. 肝分葉VI
    Posterior inferior segment
  174. 肝分葉VII
    Posterior superior segment
  175. 肝分葉VIII
    Anterior superior segment
  176. 胃賁門部分
    Cardiac portion
  177. 胃底
    Fundus
  178. 胃體
    Body
  179. 胃幽門區
    Pyloric portion
  180. 胃小彎
    Lesser curvature
  181. 胃大彎
    Greater curvature
  182. 十二指腸 (四個部份)
    • 1. First part (superior part)
    • 2. Second part (desending part) 有 Major duodenal papilla
    • 3. Tird part (horizontal part)
    • 4. Fourth part (ascending part)
  183. 十二指腸空腸連結
    Duodenojejunal junction
  184. 空腸
    Jejunum
  185. 迴腸--迴盲連結
    Ileum---Ileocecal junction
  186. 盲腸----迴腸開口和闌尾開口
    Cecum----Ileal orifice & Orifice of appendix
  187. 闌尾
    Appendix
  188. 升結腸
    Ascending colon
  189. 橫結腸
    Transverse colon
  190. 降結腸
    Descending colon
  191. 乙狀結腸
    Sigmoid colon
  192. 直腸
    Rectum
  193. 結腸繫膜帶
    Tenia coli
  194. 結腸袋
    Haustra
  195. 腸脂垂
    Appendices epiploicae
  196. 胰臟
    頭、頸、體、尾
    胰管
    副胰管
    • Pancreas
    • Head Neck Body Tail
    • Main ancreatic duct
    • Accessory pancreatic duct
  197. 脾臟
    Spleen
  198. 左右肝管 → 總肝管
    Left &right hepatic duct → common hepaticduct
  199. 膽 → 膽囊管
    Gallbladder → cystic duct
  200. 總膽管
    Common bile duct
  201. 小胃網膜
    Lesser omentum
  202. 大胃網膜
    Greater omentum
  203. 小腸繫膜
    Mesentery of small intestine
  204. 橫結腸繫膜
    Transverse mesocolon
  205. 乙狀結腸繫膜
    Sigmoid mesocolon
  206. 闌尾繫膜
    Mesoappendix
  207. 腹腔動脈幹
    1. 左胃動脈
    2. 脾動脈
        → 左胃網膜動脈
    3. 總肝動脈
        → 肝動脈本體
            →→左肝動脈、右肝動脈、膽囊動脈 (右胃動脈)
        → 胃十二指腸動脈
            →→ 右胃網膜動脈
    • Celiac trunk
    • 1. Left gastric artery
    • 2. Splenic artery
    •     → Left gastro-omental artery
    • 3. Common hepatic artery
    •     → Hepatic artery proper
    •         →→ Left hepatic artery & Right hepatic artery &Cystic artery
    •     →Gastroduodenal artery
    •        →→ Right gastro-omental artery
  208. 上腸繫膜動脈
     → 中結腸動脈
     → 右結腸動脈
     → 迴結腸動脈
     → 小腸的動脈
         →→ 吻合環(連拱)
         →→ 直動脈
    • Seperior mesenteric artery
    •  → Middle colic artery
    •  → Right colic artey
    •  → Ileocolic artery
    •  → Intestinal artery
    •      →→ Anastomotic loop (arcades)
    •      →→ Straight artery
  209. 下腸繫膜動脈
     → 左結腸動脈
     → 乙狀結腸動脈
     → 上直腸動脈
    • Inferior mesenteric artery
    •  → Left colic artery
    •  → Sigmoid artery
    •  → Superior rectal artery
  210. 上腸系膜靜脈
    下腸系膜靜脈
    脾靜脈
    肝門靜脈
    肝靜脈
    • Superior mesenteric vein
    • Inferior mesenteric vein
    • splenic vein
    • hepatic portal vein
    • hepatic vein
  211. 肝門三角:
    肝門靜脈
    肝動脈主本體
    總膽管
    • Porta triad:
    • Hepatic protal vein
    • Hepatic artery proper
    • Commom bile duct
  212. 腰小肌
    Psoas minor muscle
  213. 腰大肌
    Psoas major muscle
  214. 髂肌
    Iliacus muscle
  215. 腰方肌
    Quadratus lumborum muscle
  216. 腹橫肌
    Transverses abdominis muscle
  217. 腰神經叢
    1. 肋下神經
    2. 髂腹下神經
    3. 髂腹股溝神經
    4. 生殖股神經(生殖支與股支)
    5. 外測股皮神經
    6. 股神經
    7. 閉孔神經
    8. 腰薦神經幹
    • Lumbar plexus:
    • 1. Subcostal nerve
    • 2. Iliohypogastric nerve
    • 3. Ilioinguinal nerve
    • 4. Genitofemoral nerve ( Genital branch & Femoral branch) 走在腰小肌上
    • 5. Lateral cutaneous nerve of thigh (鑽進腰大肌)
    • 6. Femoral nerve (腰大肌下)
    • 7. Obturator nerve
    • 8. Lumbosacral trunk
  218. 交感神經幹
    Sympathetic trunk
  219. 腎上腺血管供應:
    1. 上腎上腺動脈 (來自下膈動脈)
    2. 中腎上腺動脈 (來自主動脈)
    3. 下腎上腺動脈 (來自腎動脈)
    • Blood supply of suprarenal gland:
    • 1. Superior suprarenal artery (from inferior phrenic artery)
    • 2. Middle suprarenal artery (from aorta)
    • 3. Inferior suprarenal artery (from renal artery)
  220. 腹主動脈分支
    - 下膈動脈
    - 腹腔動脈幹
    - 上腸繫膜動脈
    - 下長繫膜動脈
    - 總髂動脈 → 內髂與外髂動脈
    - 腎動脈
    - 睪丸動脈
    - 腰動脈
    - 正中薦動脈
    • Branch of Abdominal Aorta:
    • - Inferior phrenic artery
    • - Celiac trunk
    • - Suerior mesenteric artery
    • - Inferior mesenteric artery
    • - Common iliac artery → internal and external iliac artery
    • - Renal artery
    • - Testicular artery
    • - Lumbar artery
    • - Median sacral artery
  221. 左睪丸靜脈 → 左腎靜脈 → IVC
    右睪丸靜脈 → IVC
    右腎靜脈 → IVC
    • Left testicular vein → Left renal vein → IVC
    • Right testicular vein → IVC
    • Right renal vein → IVC
  222. 腎上腺
    Supra renal gland

  223. 被膜
    腎皮質
    腎髓質 (腎錐體 & 腎柱)
    腎乳頭 → 小盞 → 大盞 → 腎盂 → 輸尿管
    • Kidney
    • Fibrous capsule
    • Renal cortex
    • Renal medulla ( Renal pyramid &renal column)
    • Renal papilla → Minor calyces → Major calyces → Renal pelvic → Ureter
  224. 淺層會陰肌
    Superficial transverse perineal muscle
  225. 坐骨海綿體肌
    Ischiocavernosus muscle
  226. 球海綿體肌
    Bulbospongiosus muscle
  227. 陰莖腳
    Crus of penis
  228. 陰莖球
    Bulb of penis
  229. 陰莖龜頭
    Glans of penis
  230. 陰部神經 → 會陰神經 & 後陰囊神經
    Pudendal nerve → Perineal nerve & Posterior scrotal nerve
  231. 陰莖的背側神經
    Dorsal nerve of penis
  232. 內側陰部動脈 → 會陰動脈&後陰囊動脈
    Internal pudendal artery → Perineal artery & Posterior scrotal artery
  233. 背側陰莖動脈
    深動脈
    深背側靜脈
    • Dorsal artery of penis
    • Deep artery of penis
    • Deep dorsal vein of penis
  234. 提肛肌
    Levator ani muscle
  235. 閉孔內肌
    Obturator internus muscle
  236. 梨狀肌
    Piriformis muscle
  237. 薦神經叢: 腰薦神經幹
                   S1-S5脊神經
    • Sacral plexus: Lumbosacral trunk
    •                      S1-S5 spinal trunk
  238. 交感神經幹
    Sympathetic trunk
  239. 內髂動脈前分支
    閉孔動脈
    臍動脈 → 內側臍韌帶
    上膀胱動脈
    下膀胱動脈
    內陰部動脈
    中直長動脈
    下臀動脈
    • Anterior division of internal iliac artery:
    • Obturator artery
    • Umbilical artery → medial umbilical ligment
    • Superior vesical artery
    • Inferior vesical artery
    • Internal pudendal artery
    • Middle rectal artery
    • Inferior gluteal artery
  240. 內髂動脈後分支
    髂腰動脈
    外側薦動脈
    上臀動脈
    • Posterior division of internal iliac artery:
    • Iliolubar artery
    • Leteral sacral artery
    • Superior gluteal artery
  241. 尿道
    Urethra
  242. 前列腺
    Prostate gland
  243. 輸精管 → 壺腹
    Ductus derenens → Ampulla
  244. 儲精囊
    Seminal vesicle
  245. 輸尿管
    Ureter
  246. 膀胱 → 膀胱三角 → 輸尿管開口、尿道開口
    Urinary bladder → Trigone → Orifice of ureter 、 Internal urethral orifice
  247. 卵巢
    Ovary
  248. 陰道
    Vagina
  249. 子宮
    Uterus
  250. 腳 第一層肌肉
    外展姆趾肌
    外展小趾肌
    屈趾短肌
    • Abductor hallucis muscle
    • Flexor digitorum brevis muscle
    • Abductor digiti minimi muscle
  251. 腳 第二層肌肉
    蹠方肌
    蚓狀肌
    屈姆長肌的肌腱
    屈趾長肌的肌腱
    • Quadratus plantae muscle
    • Lumbrical muscle
    • Tendon of flexor hallucis longus
    • Tendon of flexor digitorum longus
  252. 腳 第三層肌肉
    內收姆趾肌 (橫頭和斜頭)
    屈姆短肌
    屈小趾短肌
    • Adductor hallucis muscle (transverse head and oblique head)
    • Flexor hallucis brevis muscle
    • Flexor digiti minimi brevis muscle
  253. 腳 第四層肌肉
    蹠側骨間肌
    Plantar interosseous muscle
  254. 腳 神經 血管
    外側蹠動脈與神經
    內側蹠動脈與神經
    • Lateral plantar artery & nerve
    • Medial plantar artery & nerve
  255. 肱二頭肌 長頭短頭
    Biceps brachii muscle-- long head short head
  256. 肱肌
    Brachialis muscle
  257. 喙肱肌
    Coracobrachialis muscle
  258. 肘肌
    Anconeus muscle
  259. 肱三頭肌--長頭、外側頭、內側頭
    Triceps brachii muscle --- long head, lateral head, medial head
  260. 手臂神經
    橈神經
    尺神經
    正中神經
    肌皮神經 → 前臂外側皮神經
    • Radial nerve
    • Ulnar nerve
    • Median nerve
    • Musculocutaneous nerve → Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm
  261. 手臂血管
    肱動脈
    深肱動脈
    上尺側副動脈
    下尺側副動脈
    • Brachial artery
    • Profunda brachial artery
    • Superior ulnar collateral artery
    • Inferior ulnar collateral artery
  262. 手臂靜脈
    頭靜脈
    正中前臂靜脈
    貴要靜脈
    • Cephalic vein
    • Median cubital vein
    • Basilic vein
  263. 前臂屈肌淺層
    肱橈肌
    旋前圓肌
    橈側屈腕肌
    掌長肌
    尺側屈腕肌
    屈指淺肌
    • Brachioradialis muscle
    • Pronator teres muscle
    • Flexor carpi radialis muscle
    • Palmaris longus muscle
    • Flexor carpi ulnaris muscle
    • Flexor digitorum superficialis muscle
  264. 前臂屈肌深層
    屈指深肌
    屈姆長肌
    旋前方肌
    • Flexor digitorm profundus muscle
    • Flexor pollicis longus muscle
    • Pronator quadratus muscle
  265. 屈側神經
    正中神經→ 前骨間神經
    尺神經
    橈神經 淺支、深支
    內側前臂皮神經
    外側前臂皮神經
    • Median nerve → Anterior interosseous nerve
    • Ulnar nerve (與同名動脈並行)
    • Radial nerve Superficial branch & Deep branch
    • Medial cutaneous nerve of forearm
    • Lateral cutaneous nerve of forearm
  266. 屈側血管
    尺動脈 → 總骨間動脈 → 前骨間和後骨間動脈
    橈動脈 → 橈側回返動脈
    • Ulnar artery → Common interosseous artery → anterior and posterior interosseous artery
    • Radial artery → Radial reccurent artery
  267. 前臂伸肌淺層
    肱橈肌
    橈側伸腕長肌
    橈側伸腕短肌
    伸指肌
    伸小指肌
    尺側伸腕肌
    • Brachioradialis muscle
    • Extensor carpi radialis longus muscle
    • Extensor carpi radialis brevis uscle
    • Extensor digitorum muscle
    • Extensor digiti minimi muscle
    • Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle
  268. 前臂伸肌深層
    外展姆長肌
    伸姆短肌
    伸姆長肌
    伸食指肌
    旋後肌
    • Abductor pollicis longus muscle
    • Extensor pollicis brevis muscle
    • Extensor pollicis longus muscle
    • Extensor indicis muscle
    • Supinator muscle
  269. 前臂伸側神經
    橈動脈深支 → 後骨間神經
    橈神經淺支 → 背側指支(外側3 1/2)
    尺神經背側支 → 背側指支 (內側1 1/2)
    • Deep branch of radial nerve → Posterior interosseous nerve
    • Suerficial branch of radial nerve → Dorsal digital branch
    • Dorsal branch of ulnar nerve → Dorsal digital branch
  270. 前臂屈側動脈
    橈動脈
    後骨間動脈
    • Radial artery (在鼻煙壺)
    • Posterior interosseous artery (與同名神經並行)
  271. 魚際肌:
    外展姆短肌
    屈姆短肌
    拇指對掌肌
    • Thenar muscle:
    • Abductor pollicis brevis muscle
    • Flexor pollicis brevis muscle
    • Opponenes pollicis muscle
  272. 小魚際肌:
    外展小指肌
    屈小指肌
    小指對掌肌
    • Hypothenar muscle:
    • Abductor digiti minimi muscle
    • Flexor digiti minimi brevis muscle
    • Opponens digiti minimi muscle
  273. 內收拇指肌(橫頭與斜頭)
    Adductor pollicis muscle (transverse head and oblique head)
  274. 蚓狀肌
    Lumbricals muscle
  275. 掌側骨間肌
    Palmar interosseous muscle
  276. 手掌神經:
    正中神經 → 正中神經迴返支
                → 掌側總指神經
    尺神經 → 淺支 → 掌側總指神經 
             → 深支
    • Median nerve → Recurrent branch of median nerve
    •                     → Commom palmar digital nerve
    • Ulnar nerve → Superficial branch → commom palmardigitla nerve
    •                   → Deep branch
  277. 手掌動脈:
    尺動脈 → 淺掌弓 → 掌側總指動脈
              → 深掌弓
    橈動脈 → 深掌弓
              → 淺掌支
    • Ulnar artery → Superficial palmar arch → commom palmar digital artery
    •                   → Deep palmar branch
    • Radial artery → Deep palmar arch
    •                    → Superficial palmar branch
  278. 膝關節:
    臏韌帶
    脛骨側韌帶
    腓骨側韌帶
    膕韌帶
    前十字韌帶
    後十字韌帶
    內側半月板
    外側半月板
    • Knee joint:
    • Patellar ligament
    • Tibial collateral ligament
    • Fibular collateral ligament
    • Popliteus tendon
    • Anterior cruciate ligment
    • Posterior cruciate ligment
    • Medial meniscus
    • Lateral meniscus
  279. 肩關節:
    肱二頭肌長頭肌腱
    橫韌帶
    喙肩峰韌帶
    盂肱韌帶
    關結盂
    盂唇
    肱骨頭
    • Shoulder joint:
    • Tendon of long head of biceps brachii muscle
    • Transverse ligament
    • Coracoacromial ligament
    • Glenohumeral ligament
    • Glenoid cavity
    • Glenoid labrum
    • Head of humerus bone

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