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- President of Cuba from 1925 to 1933
- General of the Cuban War of Independence
Was a Cuban poet and is remembered as the national poet of Cuba
Ramon Grau San Martin
- President of Cuba from 1933 to 1934 and then again from 1944 to 1948
- -He was instrumental in the passing of the 1940 Constitution of Cuba
- -Batisita was a strong man behind it
- -Lost the 1940 election to Batista
Carlos Prio Socarras
President of Cuba from 1948 until Batisita led a military coup in 1952 against him.
- President of the Dominican Republic who served three non consecutive terms
- 1) 1920 to 1962
- 2) 1966 to 1978
- 3) 1986 to 1996
For seven months in 1963 he was President of the Dominican Republic
Considered a Cuban national hero. He was a poet, philosopher and political theorist. He was a symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain and also was against U.S expansion in Cuba.
She was Puerto Rican nationalist who was convicted of attempted murder and other crimes after leading an assault on the U.S House of Representatives in 1954. Was freed from prison in 1979 after Carter's general pardon. Part of Jayaya Uprising
Luis Munoz Marin
Regarded as the "Father of Modern Puerto Rico". In 1948 he was the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico. Liberal Part of Puerto Rico.
Pedro Albizu Campos
Leading figure in the Puerto Rican independence movement and was the President of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party from 1930 until he died.
- Young Cuban boy whose custody battle became a center of heat between the Cuban and U.S governments.
- Mother drowned while trying to leave Cuba
- He was returned to Cuba in June 2000
U-S Dominican Convention 1907
- Signed in Santo Domingo City it provided assistance of the U.S in the collection and application of customs revenues of the Dominicans.
- This was past even though in 1905 there was an agreement made about revenue distribution.
Platt Amendment abrogated 1934:
- Was an amendment (1901) to the military appropriations bill constrained by earlier Teller Amendment.
- Laid down the conditions withdrawal of U.S troops remaining in Cuba after the end of the Spanish-American War.
- Allowed for Guantanamo Bay
- In 1934 the Treaty of Relations between the U.S and Cuba repealed most of the provision in the agreement.
- Lease for GB continues to this day
Ley de la Mordaza
- Known as Law 53 of 1948 it is better known as the Gag Law
- Enacted by the Puerto Rican Legislature of 1948 with the purpose of suppressing the independence movement in Puerto Rico
- Made it illegal to own a Puerto Rican flag, sing patriotic tunes, or hold an assembly in favor of Puerto Rican independence.
- Signed into law by the U.S appoined governor Pinero.
- Repealed in 1957
Jones-Shafroth Act (1917)
- Jones Act of Puerto Rico and was an act of U.S Congress signed by Wilson in March of 1917
- Granted U.S citizenship to the people of Puerto Rico
- Created a senate of Puerto Rico
- Established a bill of rights
- Authorized the election of a Resident Commissioner (served four years)
Free-Associated State/Estado Libre Asociado
- Put in place in 1952
- Convention approved Resolution 22 which meant a "politically organized community"
- Puerto Rico officially designed itself with the term "Commonwealth of Puerto Rico"
- Created a Union with the U.S
U.S Occupation of Haiti 1915-1934
- Began in July of 1915 when U.S military landed at Port-au-Prince under the authority of Wilson to safeguard U.S interest in the island
- Ended in 1934 when FDR reaffirmed an August 1933 disengagement agreement
- Last marines out in 1934
U.S Occupation of DR 1916-1924
- Admiral Caperton forced the Dominican Secretary of War Arias to leave S.D. by threatening the city with naval bombardment
- U.S imposed military government under Knapp
- Fixed budget, new roads made and replaced partisan forces
- It was generally resented in the Dominican
"My best friends are men of work"
Trujillo used this phrase a lot to talk about the farming and peasant class in order to try and relate to them
Renamed capital city after himself
- Santo Domingo to Trujillo City
- Named this after the earthquake and would keep the name Trujillo city until his assassination in 1961
"History Will Absolve Me"
- End sentence and title of a four-hour speech made by Castro in 1953
- Castro made the speech while defending himself in court against the charges brought against him and he led the attack on the Moncada Barracks
- Words published in the 26th of July Manifesto
First Declaration of Havana
- Reply of the people of Cuba to the Deceleration of San Jose signed in 1960 by the foreign ministers of the government belonging to the Organization of American States
- Drafted by Castro and approved in 1960 by more than a million
- Cubans who constituted themselves into the National General Assembly of People
Mejorar la Raza
- Improve the race
- If you have population of African descent then if mixed you will eventually erase the black race
- This will mean you have an improved race
Afro-Cuban dance in Cuba
- related to scientific racism and it is the ratio of maximum width of the head multiplied by 100 divided by its maximum length
- Carleton S. Coon used it in the 1960s
- Now used for legal and obstetrical reasons
- Power granted to the father for the exclusive benefit of the family and children subjected to it, to whom be owned protection.
- Reduction of parent power and is established by law
- Movement in black themed Cuban culture with origins in the 1920s as worked by the anthropologist Fernando Ortiz
- Movement marks the time between the two world war when white intellectuals in Cuba acknowledged openly significance of African culture in Cuba
- Act of changing a government run firm into a private sector firm
- In order to accomplish this transition, the government must either sell or otherwise redistributed the formerly government run firm in a way that is equitable to citizens
Idea of becoming a "legit Dominican"
- The practice of marrying someone with lighter skin than ones own in the hopes of producing lighter skinned offspring
- Spaniard did this in the 18th century
- Helped raise people from the rank of slave
- How it was said was used as a tool by Trujillo to decide who was a Dominican and who was Haitian
Scissors in Spanish
FMC/Federation of Cuban Workers
- Established in 1960 under the revolutionary government with Espin as it president
- Married to Raul Castro
- Fought in Sierra Maestras
- Literacy campaign
- Had goals to include women out of the home and into the economy, recognized peasant households, develop communal services, equal opportunities for women
Balsero Crisis (1994/mid 1990s)
- Exodus of over 7,000 Cubans from Cuba to the United States
- Contributed to the rule of Castor due to the fact that as the US dollar was legalized in 1993 and Castro was able to use money that flowed from exiles to better the economy