Carr UCONN Final
Card Set Information
Carr UCONN Final
President of Cuba from 1925 to 1933 and was a general of the Cuban War of Independence.
Slowly become more of a dictator in order to silence opposition.
Was a Cuban poet and is remembered as the national poet of Cuba
Afro-Cuban national figure and wrote about their life
Ramon Grau San Martin
President of Cuba from 1933 to 1934 and then again from 1944 to 1948.
He was instrumental in the passing of the 1940 Constitution of Cuba
Lost 1940 election to Batisita
Professor at University of Havana and was put forth by students to be the leader of the movement
President for 100 Days
Established Minimum Wage, 8 Hour work days and decided that 50% of all workers must be Cuban
Carlos Prio Socarras
President of Cuba from 1948 until Batista led a military coup against him
President of the Dominican Republic who served for three non consecutive terms.
1) 1920 to 1962
2) 1966 to 1978
3) 1986 to 1996
For seven months in 1963 he was President of the Dominican Republic.
Nationalize sugar industry
Reason for coup overthrowing him
Considered a Cuban national hero
Poet, philosopher and political theorist
Symbol for Cuba's bid for independence against Spain and also was against U.S expansion in Cuba
1st Declaration of Havana (1960)- helped to develop the idea of race less ness and if black and whites came together in Cuba and would be able to exist in harmony
She was Puerto Rican nationalist who was convicted of attempted murder and other crimes after leading an assault on the U.S House of Rep. in 1954
Freed from prison in 1979 after Carter's general pardon
Part of Jayuya Uprising
Luis Munoz Marin
"Father of Modern Puerto Rico"
1948 he was the first democratically elected Governor of Puerto Rico
Liberal Part of Puerto Rico
Pedro Albiu Campos
Leading figure in the Puerto Rican independence movement and was the President of the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party from 1930 until he died.
Young Cuban boy whose custody battle become a center of heat between the Cuban and U.S government
Mother drowned while trying to leave Cuba
He was returned to Cuba in June 2000
Las Hermanas Mirabal/The Mirabal Sisters
Three Dominican sisters assassinated by Trujillo in response to their revolutionary activities known as 'las mariposas' or the butterflies, they are a symbol of political resistance
U-S Dominican Convention 1907
Signed in Santo Domingo City it provided assistance of the U.S in the collection and application of customs revenues of the Dominican.
Past even though in 1905 there was an agreement made about revenue distribution
Platt Amendment abrogated 1934
Was an amendment (1901) to the military appropriation bill constrained by the earlier Teller Amendment
Laid down the conditions for withdrawal of U.S troops remaining in Cuba after the end of the Spanish-American War
Allowed for Guantamano Bay
1934- Treaty of Relations between the U.S and Cuba repealed most of the provision in the agreement
Lease still stands
Ley de la Mordaza
Known as the Law 53 of 1948 it is better known as the Gag Law.
It was enacted by the Puerto Rican Legislature of 1948 with the purpose of suppressing the independence movement in Puerto Rico
Made it illegal to own a Puerto Rican flag, sing patriotic tunes, or hold an assembly in favor of Puerto Rican Independence
Signed into law by the U.S appointed governor Pinero
Repealed in 1957
Jones-Shafroth Act (1917)
Jones Act of Puerto Rico
Signed by Wilson in March 1917
Granted U.S citzenship to the people of Puerto rico
Created a senate of Puerto Rico
Established a bill of rights
Authorized the election of a Resident Commissioner (served for four years)
Free-Associated State/Estado Libre Asociado
Put in place in 1952 the convention approved Resolution 22
"Politcally organized community"
P.R offically designated itself with the term "Commonwealth of Puerto Rico"
Created a union with the U.S
U.S Occupation of Haiti 1915-1934
Began in July of 1915 when U.S military landed at Port-au-Prince under the authority of Wilson to safeguard U.S interests in the island.
Ended in 1934 when FDR reaffirmed an August 1933 disengagement agreement
Last marines left in 1934
U.S Occupation of DR 1916-1924
Admiral Caperton forced the Dominican Republic Secretary of War to leave S.C by threatening the city
U.S imposed military government under knapp
Fixed budget, new roads, made and replaced forces
Generally resented in the DR
"My best friends are men of work"
Trujillo used this phrase a lot to talk about the farming and peasant class in order to try and relate to them
Renamed capital city after himself
Santo Domingo to Trujillo City
Named this after an earthquake and would keep the name Trujillo City until his assassination
"History Will Absolve Me"
The end sentence and title of the four hour speech Castro made in 1953.
Said while defending himself in court against the charges brought agaisnt him after he led the attack on the Moncada Barracks
Published in 26th of July Manifesto
First Declaration of Havana
Reply of the people of Cuba to the Declaration of San Jose signed in 1960 by the foreign ministers of the government belonging to the Organization of American States
Drafted by Castro and approved in 1960 by more than a million Cubans
El Hombre Nuevo/ The New Man
Wanted to get rid of Capitalism
Desired that there would be no money
Mejorar la Raza
Improve the race
If you have a population of African descents if mixed with white you will erase the black race
related to scientific racism
Applied in Cuba and used it to say why blacks were inferior to whites
Power granted to the father for the executive benefit of the family and children subjected to it, to whom he owned protection
Reduction of parent power and its established laws
movement in black themed Cuban culture
Marks the time between the two world wars when white intellectuals in Cuba acknowledged openly the significance of African culture in Cuba
The act of changing government run firm into private sector
Haitian entering D.R.
Trujillo considered this an invasion
"Money", "Magic" in reference to Haitians in the DR border
Haitian women associated with money because they went out of the house into the market place
Practice of marrying someone with lighter skin than ones own in the hopes of producing lighter skinned offspring
Spaniards did this in the 18th century
How it was said was a tool used by Trujillo to tell the difference between Haitians and DR
Scissors in Spanish
How one said it could be used to determine the difference between H. and DR
"Contest Among Wolves"
Referring to capitalism
Idea that no one could win with that system
CNOC- National Federation of Cuban Workers
Began labor movement and stike/boycott in reaction to U.S involvement in Cuba
Refuted the Platt Amendment
CTC- Foundation of Cuban Workers
Designed to support the government and improve managerial style
Worked to improve condition in the work force
Nationalization of Industry
Act of taking over a private industry by a government
Bosch and the DR sugar
"Dance of the Millions"
Local markets boomed and then went bust very fast in Cuba
Transfer of money by foreign workers to his or her home country
South Puerto Rico Sugar Company
Based on P.R and put money into the D.R to gain a profit and bring goods back to P.R
FMC Federation of Cuban Women
Espin was President (wife of Raul)
Had goals to bring women in to roles of power, develop communal services, mobilize women politically
Conditions on the island that led Dominicans to immigrate
1959 to 1962
Cuba to America
1965 to 1973
Similar to second wavers
1994 to mid 1990's
Exodus of over 7,000 Cubans from Cuba to the U.S.
Contributed to the rule of Castro due to the fact that as the U.S dollar was legalized in 1993 Castro was able to use the money
Mass emigration of Cubans who departed from Cuba Mariel Harbor for the US between April and Oct of 1980
Sharp downturn in Cuban economy
10,000 Cubans asylum in Peruvian embassy
Cuba's "Special Period"
Extended period of economic crisis that began in 1991 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union
Severe shortage in gas
Radically transformed the economy and many people forced to live without basic goods
Company town where sugar worked lived
Came right after Cuban Rev
Whiter and Wealthier
Already connect to U.S interests
More likely to go back and visit Cuba
Undesirable alien who has not legally entered a country
Capital city of Dajabon in the DR
Parsley Massacre (20 to 30,000 H ordered to death)
Name of project that industrialized PR
Shift from agriculture to manufacturing
U.S government enticed companies to build there