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2010-06-02 21:28:54
English Finals

A list of words for the final exams
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  1. Allusion
    A covert, implied, or indirect reference; a passing or incidental reference
  2. Alliteration
    The commencing of two or more words in close connexion, with the same letter, or rather the same sound.
  3. Anaphora
    The repetition of the same word or phrase in several successive clauses.
  4. Apostrophe
    • A figure of speech, by which a speaker or writer suddenly stops in his
    • discourse, and turns to address pointedly some person or thing, either
    • present or absent; an exclamatory address.
  5. Assonance
    The repitition of a vowel sound.
  6. Ballad
    • A light, simple song of any kind; (now) spec. a sentimental or romantic composition, typically consisting of two or more verses sung
    • to the same melody with only light musical accompaniment that tells a story.
  7. Blank Verse
    A type of poetry, distinguished by having a regular meter, but no rhyme. In English, the meter most commonly used with blank verse has been iambic pentameter.
  8. Cacophony
    A loud jumble of sounds.
  9. Concrete Poem
    A poem with a visual layout that reinforces the central theme.
  10. Connotation
    A subjective cultural and/or emotional coloration in addition to the explicit or denotative meaning of any specific word or phrase in a language, i.e. emotional association with a word.
  11. Consonance
    The reptition of a consonant sound (the opposite of a vowel)
  12. Couplet
    A pair of lines of meter in poetry. It usually consists of two lines that rhyme and have the same meter.
  13. Denotation
    The literal meaning or "dictionary definition" of a term, devoid of emotion, attitude, and color.
  14. Dramatic Monologue
    A piece of spoken verse that offers great insight into the feelings of the speaker. Not to be confused with a soliloquy in a play (which the character speaking speaks to themselves), dramatic monologues suggest an auditor or auditors.
  15. Elegy
    A mournful, melancholic or plaintive poem, especially a funeral song or a lament for the dead.
  16. End-stopped Line
    A feature in poetry in which the syntactic unit (phrase, clause, or sentence) corresponds in length to the line. Its opposite is enjambment, where the sense runs on into the next line.
  17. Enjambment
    The breaking of a syntactic unit (a phrase, clause, or sentence) by the end of a line or between two verses. It is to be contrasted with end-stopping, where each linguistic unit corresponds with a single line.
  18. Euphony
    • The quality of having a pleasant sound; the pleasing effect of sounds
    • free from harshness: chiefly with reference to combinations of words in
    • sentences, or of phonetic elements in spoken words.
  19. Extended Metaphor
    • A metaphor that continues into the sentences that follow. It is often developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a work, and are
    • especially effective in poems and fiction. If one starts with the metaphor of "The seeds of discontent have already been sown", an extension could be "It remains to be seen whether weeds or flowers will spring forth."
  20. Free Verse
    A form of poetry which refrains from meter patterns, rhyme, or any other musical pattern.
  21. Hyperbole
    A rhetorical device in which statements are exaggerated. It may be used to evoke strong feelings or to create a strong impression, but is not meant to be taken literally.
  22. Image
    An artificial imitation or representation of something, esp. of a person or the bust of a person.
  23. Imagism
    A movement in early 20th-century Anglo-American poetry that favored precision of imagery and clear, sharp language. The Imagists rejected the sentiment and discursiveness typical of much Romantic and Victorian poetry.
  24. Internal Rhyme
    Rhyme that occurs in a single line of verse. Internal rhyme occurs in the middle of a line, as in these lines from Coleridge, "In mist or cloud, on mast or shroud" or "Whiles all the night through fog-smoke white"
  25. Lyric Poem
    • A form of poetry with rhyming schemes that express personal and emotional feelings. Lyric poems do not have to rhyme, and do not need
    • to be set to music or a beat.
  26. Meter
    The regular linguistic sound patterns of a verse.
  27. Metaphor
    A comparison between two objects characterizing one object as another.
  28. Mood
    The tone or feeling that a poem sets for the reader.
  29. Narrative Poem
    Poetry that has a plot, such as ballads.
  30. Ode
    • An ode is typically a lyrical verse written in praise of, or dedicated to someone or something which captures the poet's interest or serves as
    • an inspiration for the ode.
  31. Onomatopoeia
    Words that embody sounds. "BOOM" "CRASH" "BANG"
  32. Oxymoron
    A figure of speech that combines normally contradicting terms. "Jumbo Shrimp" "Poor Bill Gates"
  33. Paradox
    a statement or group of statements that leads to a contradiction or a situation which defies intuition. The term is also used for an apparent contradiction that actually expresses a non-dual truth. "The following statement is true. The previous statement was false."
  34. Personification
    Assigning human characteristics or features to objects as to human-ify them. "mr. potato head is a personification"
  35. Poetic License
    Used to denote the distortion of fact, alteration of the conventions of grammar or language, or rewording of pre-existing text made by an artist to improve a piece of art. For example, if a visual artist decided it was more artistically desirable to portray St. Paul's Cathedral next to the Houses of Parliament in a scene of London, even though in reality they are not close together, that would be artistic license.
  36. Refrain
    The line or lines that are repeated in music or in verse; the "chorus" of a song.
  37. Rhyme (sight and slant)
    Sight- A similarity in spelling between words that are pronounced differently and hence, not an auditory rhyme. An example is the pair slaughter and laughter.

    Slant- Consonance on the final consonants of the words involved.
  38. Rhythm
    The "beat" of a poem. "Movement marked by the regulated succession of strong and weak elements, or of opposite or different conditions."
  39. Simile
    A comparison of two objects using "like" or "as".
  40. Sonnet
    A 14 ine poem with 3 quatrains and a couplet.
  41. Stanza
    A unit within a larger poem.
  42. Symbol
    Objects, characters, or other representations of ideas, concepts, objects, or abstractions.
  43. Tone
    • a literary technique that is a part of composition, which encompasses the attitudes toward the subject and toward the
    • audience implied in a literary work. Tone may be formal, informal, intimate, solemn, somber, playful, serious, ironic, condescending, or
    • many other possible attitudes. Not the same as mood.
  44. Modernist Fictions- Name 2 books
    • The Sun Also Rises- Ernest Hemingway
    • The Great Gatsby- F. Scott Fitzgerald
  45. Regionalist
    A type of literature that features local dialect, geography, and regionalism. "Their Eyes Were Watching God"- Zora Neale Hurston