Geo 143: Marx and Engles on consequences of population growth
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Which aspect of Malthus’s theory did Marx and Engle challenge?
-Challenge Malthusian argument that population growth is the cause of poverty. -They believe that poverty is not a result of people having too many children but poverty is a result of unequal distribution amongst the population.
What alternative explanation do they provide for the causes of poverty?
- 1. Poverty is caused by the unequal distribution of resources under the capitalist system
- 2. Capitalist system perpetuates poverty because it perpetuates inequality.
- 3. More just social and economic system that distributes resources and wealth more equally should be able to cope with any increase in population.
What empirical evidence exists that supports/contradicts Marx arguments?
Food production due to the green revolution has grown more quickly than Malthus has predicted.
What are the policy implications of Marx's and Engels' theory?
- -Policies to reduce poverty than population, to reduce inequality.
- -Redistribution of land, wealth social safety net.
- -Try and fight poverty,
- -Marx and Engles thought the solution was communism. Communism didn't redistributed resources equally as they have imagined.
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