Intro to Teaching

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Intro to Teaching
2013-05-07 11:29:21
Intro Teaching

Intro to Teaching
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  1. The ability to understand and apply technology to meet personal goals is called __________.
    technological literacy
  2. T or F: Teachers and other public school employees have a legal imperative to report any suspected case of child abuse or neglect.
  3. Child development scientists, psychologists, and teachers all use different types of standardized tests to measure specific skills. They also use informal assessments and other data-gathering methods in action research. Choose at least FOUR types of informal assessments used by educational researchers in and out of the classroom.
    anecdotal evidence, student surveys, portfolios, and checklists
  4. According to NCLB, a teacher who holds a bachelor's degree, has full state teacher certification, and has demonstrated subject area competence is said to be __________.
    highly qualified
  5. Students learn more when their teachers solve classroom problems using action research. What's another good reason to use research-based methods in the classroom?
    Research-based instruction is mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act.
  6. What is a principle benefit of extracurricular activities?
    Participation contributes to academic success.
  7. Students who are in danger of dropping out of school or not completing a high school education because of failing grades are said to be __________.
    at risk
  8. T or F: Project Head Start is a successful early educational program that emerged from the War on Poverty in the 1960's.
  9. Choosing a communication style, language, and lesson activities that suit the age and intellectual level of students in the class is called _____.
    developmentally-appropriate practice
  10. What is the exam that you take for Texas teacher certification called?
  11. All the experiences students have while engaged in the process of schooling
  12. Official or formal curriculum; content, methods, and materials
    explicit curriculum
  13. Concepts that students learn without intentional instruction; relationships, expectations, school values
    hidden curriculum
  14. Content intentionally left out; options students are not offered, for whatever reason
    null curriculum
  15. Because of NCLB regulations, school districts must spend their federal funding on curricula that are founded in scientifically-based research. What does that mean?
    Valid research projects prove that the strategies are effective in improving student achievement.
  16. __________are statements of what all students, pre-K through grade 12, should know and be able to do.
  17. any device or system designed to improve functional abilities of individuals with disabilities
    assistive technology
  18. A written educational document developed for each eligible child with a disability
  19. Using a variety of methods, materials, and activities to meet the needs of all students
  20. Students with disabilities receive instruction in general education classrooms at least part of the time
  21. In research-based educational practice and in the confines of this course, which statement is true about the use of corporal punishment as a disciplinary method?
    Corporal punishment is never an option.
  22. In this course, how have you been encouraged to communicate explanations, solutions, and ideas about contemporary social issues?
    in Discussion Board posts
  23. Children have different talents and challenges. Overall, they are ________________.
    more alike than they are different.
  24. This question is a multiple-choice item on this exam. What type of assessment item is it?
    a closed task
  25. Why is it important to study the elements and effects of diversity (ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, etc.)?
    To provide appropriate educational experience and foster optimal development, educators need to understand children and their family backgrounds and cultural expectations.
  26. Instructional time during which students are not only actively learning, but learning successfully is called ____________.
    academic learning time
  27. Individuals who want to get a teaching certificate must have __________.
    a bachelor's degree
  28. external factors that lead to satisfaction; status and material benefits; from the outside
    extrinsic rewards
  29. based on feelings of personal satisfaction; values, goals, beliefs; from the inside
    intrinsic rewards
  30. Failure to use proper standards and care to protect students or failure to foresee and correct potential harm in a situation is called __________.
  31. In research-based educational practice and in the confines of this course, which of the following statements about diversity and tolerance is true?
    Discrimination, prejudice, and negative cultural biases have no place in the public school classroom and should not be tolerated.
  32. Why is it important to choose developmentally-appropriate communication and activities when teaching young children?
    Students learn best when teacher language and lesson presentation match their intellectual and developmental level.
  33. Reform legislation that requires standardized testing, school choice, parental involvement, and school security
  34. Federal legislation that protects the rights of students with disabilities to a free, appropriate public education
  35. Section of a law that protects against discrimination in educational opportunities on the basis of gender
    Title IX
  36. A set of beliefs about how students develop and learn and what and how they should be taught is called your ________.
    philosophy of education
  37. Basing teaching, learning, and assessment on national, state, and local educational standards is called __________.
    standards-based teaching
  38. Suits the age and level of each student in a program
    Developmentally-appropriate practice
  39. The art or science of teaching; instructional methods
  40. Assignments and assessments reflect real needs and problems that students might encounter outside the classroom
    authentic learning
  41. The active process of thinking before, during, and after teaching
    reflective teaching
  42. The belief that students build a body of knowledge from their own experience and prior knowledge
    constructivist approach
  43. Early American college preparatory schools for boys
    Latin grammar school
  44. Small, early American schools taught by women; provided instruction in spelling and reading
    dame school
  45. Early teacher education schools
    normal school
  46. In the mid-1800's, these schools provided an education for all students using the same kinds of curriculum
    common school
  47. Abolishes segregated schools: states that segregation of schools violates the 14th Amendment
    Brown vs. Board of Education
  48. Addresses separation of church and state: establishes the test that determines whether a government agency is promoting or inhibiting a religion
    Lemon vs. Kurtzman
  49. Addresses separation of church and state: establishes the test that determines whether a government agency is promoting or inhibiting a religioncademic freedom protection: states that a teacher cannot be dismissed for speaking as a citizen on public issues
    Pickering vs. Board of Education
  50. Abolishes "separate but equal": orders an end to all dual systems of education Country Board of Education
    Alexander vs. Holmes
  51. A physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities
  52. Appropriate mastery of the content of a specific discipline, such as English, mathematics, science, etc
    content mastery
  53. Engaging in activities designed to improve the circumstances of children and their families
    child advocacy
  54. Practice of ensuring that students with disabilities participate with other students in all aspects of school
  55. A policy of holding schools and teachers responsible for students' academic progress
  56. In many school districts, stakeholders (teachers, community members, and parents) are involved in making decisions about how the schools will operate. This form of governance is called ____________.
    school-based management
  57. T or F: A portfolio is a performance-based assessment task.
  58. Because of NCLB, the U.S. Department of Education conducts an annual evaluation of schools based on improvement in student achievement. This evaluation is a measure of __________.
    Adequate Yearly Progress
  59. A popular classification system ranking critical-thinking skills from the simplest (knowledge) to the most complex (evaluation) is called __________.
    Bloom's taxonomy
  60. The term that means "the art or science of teaching; instructional methods," is __________.
  61. Choose FOUR requirements that make teaching a profession.
    ongoing professional development, practice under mentors or others already in the field, state certification exams, specialized education
  62. Educators may use copyrighted material in a limited way for educational purposes. This principle is called __________.
    fair use
  63. The Establishment Clause says that public schools may not __________.
    attempt to advance or inhibit any religion
  64. T or F: Assessment should be based on objectives and standards.
  65. T or F: Writing a reflective journal is a form of self-assessment.
  66. Regardless of the challenges a student may face (including learning disabilities, limited English proficiency, behavior and conduct disorders, physical impairments, or other issues) it is essential that schools and teachers __________.
    hold high expectations for all students
  67. Which statement is most accurate in describing differences and commonalities among various cultures described in this course?
    Children in diverse cultures face different challenges but human cultures have more in common than they have differences.
  68. In this course, how have you been encouraged to assume responsibility as a citizen by learning to think for yourself and by engaging in public discourse?
    in Discussion Board posts
  69. Launch of this Russian spacecraft in 1957 led to a scramble to improve math and science instruction so the U.S. could catch up.
  70. This report said that "mediocrity" in education threatened our future and called for excellence in schools.
    "A Nation at Risk"
  71. In 1994, this Act set goals to be reached nationwide; supported world-class standards.
    Goals 2000
  72. National reform aimed at increasing accountability, providing school choice, closing the achievement gap, and increasing school security.
  73. Choosing instructional methods, activities, materials, and pacing to suit the age, developmental level, and background of the student is called __________.
    developmentally-appropriate practice
  74. One way that students can be a resource for a new teacher is by:
    providing insight into school culture.
  75. T or F: In Texas, teachers have the right to strike and to negotiate terms of their contracts.
  76. Which of these activities requires the highest level of critical thinking?
    Writing a review of a musical performance.
  77. What is “wait time”?
    The time teachers wait for an answer after asking a question, before they give students a prompt or tell them the answer.
  78. To ensure quality instruction for all students in the classroom, lesson plans should include:
    Extra time for reteaching skills and modification for individual needs.
  79. Which is an effective strategy for managing student behavior?
    Involve students in developing rules and procedures for the classroom.
  80. When you’re making a behavior management plan for your classroom, how many rules should you include in the list?
    Three to five
  81. Why do teachers do warm-up activities like brainstorming or KWL charts before they start a unit of study?
    They want to activate prior knowledge so the students will remember the information better.
  82. The Internet is an important research tool for teachers and students. Which of these is the most important issue to consider when using the Internet for research?
    Much of the information online has not been verified by experts in relevant fields.
  83. What is essential for fostering good language development for English-Language Learners?
    They need good modeling of proper English grammar and pronunciation.
  84. When you’re having problems managing student behavior, who should you look to first as an ally to support your efforts?
    The student’s parents or guardians
  85. What is the age range for which individuals with disabilities are entitled to public education services, according to IDEA?
    Ages 3-21
  86. What is the teacher’s first priority in planning instruction for a student with disabilities who has been mainstreamed into a regular classroom?
    What is included in the student’s Individualized Education Plan?
  87. What is the main responsibility of paraprofessional teachers’ aides in regular classrooms?
    Assisting students, when necessary, in completing activities planned and assigned by the classroom teacher.
  88. What can teachers reasonably assume about English-Language Learners?
    When students are proficient in one language, their language skills in English will improve if they are encouraged to be bilingual.
  89. Which strategy is better for fostering independence and autonomy?
    Allowing students to choose activities from a list of options.
  90. What methods are often used to accommodate the needs of gifted/talented students in the classroom?
    Acceleration and enrichment of the regular classroom curriculum.
  91. Which of these choices is a good start for creating a positive atmosphere in the classroom?
    Greet each student as they enter the classroom.
  92. What kind of classroom environment can support a student with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder?
    An environment with limited distractions is preferable so students can focus on learning.
  93. How can textbook reading assignments be modified to encourage struggling readers or English-Language Learners to complete them?
    Break the assignments into shorter segments so the amount of text is not overwhelming.
  94. How can teachers quickly and easily get students’ attention in the classroom?
    Establish a signal—ringing a bell, flipping a light switch, clapping three times—to direct students to stop what they’re doing and listen for instructions.
  95. Which of the following is an important strategy for managing student behavior?
    Send an introductory letter to parents during the first week of school outlining the behavior management plan and how they can help their children practice positive behavior.