Micro new stuff for final 2013

Card Set Information

Micro new stuff for final 2013
2013-05-07 16:24:22
micro 2013

new vocabulary for the final
Show Answers:

  1. chemotherapeutic agents that are effective against many different kinds of pathogens
    broad spectrum drugs
  2. a route of drug administration that is nonoral (eg, by injection)
    parenteral route
  3. compounds used in the treatment of disease that destroy pathogens or inhibit their growth at concentrations low enough to avoid doing undesirable damage to the host
    chemotherapeutic agent
  4. the ability of a chemotherapeutic agent to kill or inhibit a microbial pathogen while damaging the host as little as possible.
    selective toxicity
  5. inhibiting or retarding the bacterial growth
  6. chemotherapeutic agents that are effective only against a limited variety of microorganisms
    narrow spectrum drugs
  7. the ratio between the toxic dose and the therapeutic dose of a drug, used as a measure of the drugs relative safety
    therapeutic index
  8. a microbial product or its derivative that kills susceptible microorganisms or inhibits their growth
  9. the presence of viable bacteria in the blood
  10. the host on/in which a parasite either attains sexual maturity or reproduces
    final host
  11. the ability of a microorganism to enter a host, grow and reproduce within th host, and spread throughout its body
  12. a parasite that lives inside the body of its host
  13. the condition caused by toxins in the blood of the host
  14. the invasion of a host by a microorganism with subsequent establishment and multiplication of the agent
  15. any virus, bacterium, or other agent that causes disease
  16. a disease that results from the entrance of a specific toxin into the body of a host
  17. a toxin that is poisonous to or destroys nerve tissue
  18. the degree of intensity of pathogenicity of an organism as indicated by case fatality rates and/or ability to invade host tissues and cause disease
  19. a microbial product or component that injures another cell or organism
  20. the establishment of a site of microbial reproduction on an inanimate surface or organism without necessarily resulting in tissue invasion or damage
  21. a disease associated with the presence in the blood of pathogens or bacterial toxins
  22. the study of diseases or conditions resulting from immune reactions
  23. a parasite that lives on the surface of its host
  24. an organism that lives on or within another organism (the host) and benefits from an association while harming its host
  25. a site, alternate host, or carrier that normally harbors pathogenic organisms and serves as a source from which other individuals can be infected
  26. an antibody to a microbial toxin
  27. a toxin or antibody that has a specific toxic action upon cells
  28. a disease associated with a pathogen that can be transmitted from one host to another
    communicable disease
  29. the period after pathogen entry into a host and before signs and symptoms appear
    incubation period
  30. a small change in the antigenic character of an organism that allows it to avoid attack by the immune system
    antigenic drift
  31. the resistance of a population to infection and spread of an infectious agent due to the immunity of a high percentage of the population
    herd immunity
  32. the study of the factors determining and influencing the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health-related events and their causes in defined human population
  33. an infection that is acquired during the stay of a patient in a hospital or other type of clincal care facility
    nosocomial infections
  34. a disease that is commonly or constantly present in a population, usually at a relatively steady low frequency
    endemic disease
  35. measure the number of individuals who become ill as a result of a particular disease within a susceptible population during a specific time period
    morbidity rate
  36. a disease that suddenly increases in occurrence above the normal level in a given population
  37. a major change in the antigenic character of an organism that makes it unrecognized by host immune mechanisms
    antigenic shift
  38. the ratio of the number of deaths from a given disease to the total number of cases of the disease
    mortality rate
  39. an increase in the occurence of a disease within a large and geographically widespread population (often refers to a worldwide epidemic)
  40. a disease of animals that can be transmitted to humans