MIC 541-Exam 5-Virology 5

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kyleannkelsey
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218390
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MIC 541-Exam 5-Virology 5
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2013-05-07 19:08:31
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MIC 541 Exam Virology
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MIC 541-Exam 5-Virology 5
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  1. Describe a latent viral infection:
    • Lytic cycle
    • Virus then enter dormant phase
    • none detectable in tissues
    • no symptoms
    • Can reactivate
  2. What type of persistent viral infection has a lytic stage followed by dormancy that can reoccur. During dormancy the virus cannot be detected in the tissues and there are no symptoms?
    Latent infection
  3. Can viruses change cells oncolytically?
    Yes, some
  4. What viruses have oncolytic abilities in the host?
    • Epstein-Barr
    • Hep B
    • Papillomavirus
    • Human T-cell leukemia virus
  5. What ability is found with Epstein-Barr virus, Hep B, Papillomavirus and HumanT-cell leukemia virus?
    Oncolytic transformation of host cell
  6. How are viral disease diagnosed?
    • Clinical signs
    • Serology
    • PCR
    • Isolation/growth
  7. What is a common serological test for anti-viral antibodies?
    ELISA
  8. What type of test is an ELISA?
    Serological-tests for anti-viral antibodies in the serum
  9. How is PCR used to detect Viruses?
    Primers are used to detect nucleic acids of viruses in blood, mucus and tissues
  10. What type of culture is needed to grow viruses?
    Animal culture
  11. What are the best targets for viral treatments?
    • unique viral enzymes:
    • Viral polymerases
    • proton pumps
    • HIV-1 reverse transcriptase
  12. What type of viral drug is an immune modulating drug?
    Interferons
  13. What is Ribavirin?
    Synthetic nucleoside analog of guanosine
  14. What is a synthetic nucleoside analog og guanosine used to treat viral infections?
    Ribavirin
  15. What is Ribavirin approved for?
    • RSV= respiratory syncytial virus
    • Hep C (with alpha-interferon)
  16. What is approved for treatment of respiratory syncytial virus and Hep C?
    Ribavirin
  17. What must Ribavirin be used in combination with to treat Hep C?
    Alpha-interferon
  18. What does Ribavirin have activity against in vitro?
    • Wide range of DNA and RNA viruses
    • Flavavirus
    • paramyxovirus
    • bunyvirus
    • anrenavirus
    • retrovirus
    • herpesvirus
    • adenovirus
    • poxvirus

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