Biology STARR test Review
Card Set Information
Biology STARR test Review
(Which graph?) You want to know how where an object is after 3 seconds.
(Which graph?) You want to know how the population of migratory birds differs between multiple wetland locations.
(Which graph?) You want to know what percentage of your income is spent on entertainment.
(Which graph?) You want to predict the population of insects at a certain time after collecting data for several days.
(X or Y) Is the dependent variable
(X or Y) Is the responsive variable
(X or Y) Records what you are measuring
(X or Y) Records one of the control variable
(X or Y) Records what you are changing in the experiment (experimental variable)
Is the manipulated variable
(X or Y) Is the independent variable
(X or Y) vertical
(X or Y) horizontal
(Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) What you are studying in an experiment.
(Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) There are many of these in a good experiment.
(Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) What happens in the experiment.
(Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) There is only one of these in a good experiment.
(Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) What you record in an experiment
Why do good experiments have control setups?
to see if the experiment variable does anything or has a negative effect
(Qualitative -1 or Quantitative -2) the speed of an object
(Qualitative or Quantitative) the color of a substance
(Qualitative or Quantitative) the height a plant grows
(Qualitative or Quantitative) the mass of a rock when measuring density
(Qualitative or Quantitative) how an animal reacts due to different stimuli
Scientific method in order!
(Which part of scientific method?) A scientist measures the amt. of acid necessary to dissolve a certain amt. of magnesium.
(Which part of scientific method?) You believe your car won't start because you are out of gas.
(Which part of scientific method?) You notice that a ball rolls farther up a hill depending on how fast it was going.
(Which part of scientific method?) You decide that adding salt to ice water allows the ice water to get colder than water alone.
Difference between theory, hypothesis, and a guess?
: proven over and over
: educated guess
(Theory, Hypothesis, or Guess) You think that a person is going to come late to the bus because they were late yesterday.
(Which part of scientific method?) You think that some plastic water bottles may not be healthy because you can taste the plastic in the water.
(Which part of scientific method?) The earth revolves around the sun. The sun does not revolve around the earth.
(Which part of scientific method?) You think that adding salt water allows it to have a higher boiling point (it boils at a higher temp.)
Give 5 safety rules!
wear gloves, tie hair up, roll up sleeves, wear apron, keep materials away from edge
When diluting an acid, do we add acid to water or water to acid?
Acid to water, because acids are more dense
2 safety rules for cutting with a sharp instrument
cut away from yourself
use a hard surface
What does corrosive, combustible, and carcinogen mean?
: eat away
: catch on fire
: cause cancer
(Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Flammable
(Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Eats away at something
(Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Causes cancer
(Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Eats away what it touches
(Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Wood or gasoline
(Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Strong acid on your skin
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
What is this?
used to measure mass (2)
Beam balance, electronic scale
used to measure temperature
used to measure volume (3)
graduated cylinder, burette, and beaker
used to add very small amounts of a liquid
used to carry liquids(2)
Erlenmeyer flask, beaker
very accurate for measuring liquids(20
burette, graduated cylinder
used to make fine cuts in specimen
Which is more precise beaker or graduated cylinder?
What are plants called since they make their own food?
What is glucose?
Where is glucose produced in a plant cell?
Where do plants use glucose?
The process of water evaporating from leaves and pulling more water up through the plant.
(Leaves, stems, or roots) absorbs water through osmosis
(Leaves, stems, or roots) pulls water up to the leaves
(Leaves, stems, or roots) has stomas
(Leaves, stems, or roots) supports the plant, like a skeleton
(Leaves, stems, or roots) Helps keep land from eroding
(Leaves, stems, or roots) Have waxy coating (called the cuticle)
The ___ transports water up the plant, while the ____ transports glucose back down.
If a plant is flaccid it is..
what is turgor pressure?
like a pumped up balloon
when plants don't have enough water they ____.
Why do cacti only open their stomas at night?
reduce water loss
on the underside of leaves; opening that lets in CO2 and lets out O2
Manure is biotic or abiotic?
What are Mutualism, Commensalism, Predation, and Parasitism?
: both are benefited
: One doesn't care
: One kill and eats the other
: One eats the other but the other doesn't die
Trophic Levels in order
Producers>primary consumers>secondary consumers>tertiary consumers> quaternary consumers
As an embryo grows is it undergoing mitosis or meiosis.
mutation leads to..
When are 2 organisms defined as different species?
when they cannot breed with each other
(Virus or Bacteria) Has genetic material
(Virus or Bacteria) Are alive
(Virus or Bacteria) Help us with digestion
(Virus or Bacteria) needs a host cell to reproduce
(Virus or Bacteria) have hard protein coating
(Virus or Bacteria) have a cell membrane
(Virus or Bacteria) can cause diseases
(Virus or Bacteria) can be beneficial
(Virus or Bacteria) are in yogurt
(Virus or Bacteria) can replicate if given the nutrients
(Virus or Bacteria) takes over a cell
(Virus or Bacteria) Has a nucleus
(Virus or Bacteria) can make its own proteins
(Virus or Bacteria) killed by antibiotics
(Virus or Bacteria) causes colds and flu
Two ways viruses seem to be alive
can multiply, genetic material
proof that viruses are not alive
needs a host to reproduce
Why is the overuse of antibiotics harmful to us?
also kills the good bacteria
3 diseases that cannot be cured by antibiotics
cancer, colds, and HIV
What organelle makes proteins?
Without this organelle, the cell would be unable to repair itself/continue to grow.
Without this organelle, if a plant lost cell water, it would shrink.
which organelle holds waste products and maintains water pressure in the cell
what holds up a plant cell like a skeleton
Why are chloroplasts green?
chlorophyll gives green pigment
what organelle will allow or disallow these molecules to get in
which organelle moves these molecules around the cell?
Where are the plans for making the proteins stored?
which organelle makes energy or ATP for the cell
Which organelle redistributes material to the rest of the cell?
which organelle breaks down left over and worn out material?
2 organelles that make energy?
mitochondria and chloroplast
which organelle is the green house and performs photosynthesis?
What is the formula for Photosynthesis?
6 CO2 + 6 H2O -> C6H12O6 + O6
Equation for cellular respiration?
C6H12O6 + 6 O6 -> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP
What is the proof that respiration is a combustion reaction?
because it uses oxygen and makes water
Taxonomy in Order!
Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
Name the 6 Kingdoms!
Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protista
What is a heterotroph?
what is a saprobe?
organism that digest outside of body
Organisms with a nucleus are..
This kingdom lives in extreme very hot environments.
this kind of bacteria lives in our stomachs
what is the movement of molecules from high to low concentration?
what is a semi-permeable membrane?
alows some things through, but not others (like cell wall)
Movement of water in high to low through cell membrane
2 examples of humans maintaining homeostasis?
vomiting and sweating
match DNA to DNA : AGGTCA
DNA to RNA? : GGTAC
egg or sperm; has only 1/2 the chromosomes of a full cell
Gametes include what kind of cells?
reproductive and haploid
fertilized egg; has full set of chromosomes
What kind of cells for zygote?
cell division for regeneration-replace with exact copies
Meiosis affects ____ cells.
Mitosis affects _____ cells.
Cell division for sexual reproduction; produce gametes(eggs/sperms)
Occurs when the nitrogen base sequence is copied wrong
If the gamete cell has 28 chromosomes, how many in the zygote?
Process in which DNA is copied into mRNA
Process in which proteins are made from tRNA
Amino Acids are...
building blocks of proteins
Code of 3 nitrogen bases that tells the ribosome what amino acid to make
(Translation or Transcription) when mRNA is turned into tRNA
(Translation or Transcription) When DNA is turned into mRNA
(Translation or Transcription) Occurs in the nucleus
(Translation or Transcription) Occurs at the ribosomes
The only system that has completely different parts for genders is ...
system that surrounds the entire body
system that is attacked by the AIDS virus
system that protects the brain
system that moves the bones
system that includes the stomach and intestines
system that causes you to feel anxious
system for bird's feathers
system that protects your bones
system that helps you get well from the flu
system that removes unabsorbed food
system that is like the cell membrane for a cell
system that makes decisions for the body
what 6 systems does the heart transport for?
Circulatory, Respiratory, Endocrine, Urinary/Excretory, Digestive, Immune
Which 2 systems have been opened when you bleed?
Integumentary and Circulatory
How is the skin part of the nervous system?
Is our circulatory system open or closed?
which system is being helped when amphibians allow oxygen through their skin?
muscles that are autonomous(not controlled) include...
eyelids, lungs, and heart
gel electrophoresis is for what?
What is ecology?
study of organisms and their enviroments
Cell theory... 2 scientists.. 3 laws
1.) All living things are made of one or more cells.
2.) Cells are the basic units of life
3.) All cells arise from pre-existing cells
leaf structure: what is it called when gas and water vapor exiting the leaf
Mitosis in order
Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
What happens during prophase?
chromosomes shorten and thicken
what happens during metaphase?
chromosomes line up across middle
what happens during anaphase?
chromosomes split and go to opposite poles
What happens during telophase?
Cell is split into two nucleus's
Interphase is divided into what 3 phases?
S, G1, and G2
What happens during G1 phase?
cell growth and development
what happens during the S phase?
DNA is copied/replicated
What happens during the G2 phase?
cell prepares for division; gets larger to split in half
what are the 2 tiny structures located in the cytoplasm near the nuclear envelope at he beginning of prophase
Which phase of mitosis is this?