Biology STARR test Review

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Biology STARR test Review
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2013-05-07 21:07:45
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  1. (Which graph?) You want to know how where an object is after 3 seconds.
    Line Graph
  2. (Which graph?) You want to know how the population of migratory birds differs between multiple wetland locations.
    Bar Graph
  3. (Which graph?) You want to know what percentage of your income is spent on entertainment.
    Pie Graph
  4. (Which graph?) You want to predict the population of insects at a certain time after collecting data for several days.
    Line Graph
  5. (X or Y) Is the dependent variable
    Y
  6. (X or Y) Is the responsive variable
    Y
  7. (X or Y) Records what you are measuring
    Y
  8. (X or Y) Records one of the control variable
    none
  9. (X or Y) Records what you are changing in the experiment (experimental variable)
    X
  10. Is the manipulated variable
    X
  11. (X or Y) Is the independent variable
    X
  12. (X or Y) vertical
    Y
  13. (X or Y) horizontal
    Y
  14. (Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) What you are studying in an experiment.
    Experimental
  15. (Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) There are many of these in a good experiment.
    Control
  16. (Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) What happens in the experiment.
    Responsive
  17. (Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) There is only one of these in a good experiment.
    Experimental
  18. (Control, Experimental, or Responsive Variable?) What you record in an experiment
    Responsive
  19. Why do good experiments have control setups?
    to see if the experiment variable does anything or has a negative effect
  20. (Qualitative -1 or Quantitative -2) the speed of an object
    2
  21. (Qualitative or Quantitative) the color of a substance
    1
  22. (Qualitative or Quantitative) the height a plant grows
    2
  23. (Qualitative or Quantitative) the mass of a rock when measuring density
    2
  24. (Qualitative or Quantitative) how an animal reacts due to different stimuli
    1
  25. Scientific method in order!
    Observe>Hypothesize>Experiment>Conclude
  26. (Which part of scientific method?) A scientist measures the amt. of acid necessary to dissolve a certain amt. of magnesium.
    Experiment
  27. (Which part of scientific method?) You believe your car won't start because you are out of gas.
    Hypothesis
  28. (Which part of scientific method?) You notice that a ball rolls farther up a hill depending on how fast it was going.
    Observe
  29. (Which part of scientific method?) You decide that adding salt to ice water allows the ice water to get colder than water alone.
    Conclusion
  30. Difference between theory, hypothesis, and a guess?
    • Theory: proven over and over
    • Hypothesis: educated guess
    • Guess: random
  31. (Theory, Hypothesis, or Guess) You think that a person is going to come late to the bus because they were late yesterday.
    Guess
  32. (Which part of scientific method?) You think that some plastic water bottles may not be healthy because you can taste the plastic in the water.
    Hypothesis
  33. (Which part of scientific method?) The earth revolves around the sun. The sun does not revolve around the earth.
    Theory
  34. (Which part of scientific method?) You think that adding salt water allows it to have a higher boiling point (it boils at a higher temp.)
    Hypothesis
  35. Give 5 safety rules!
    wear gloves, tie hair up, roll up sleeves, wear apron, keep materials away from edge
  36. When diluting an acid, do we add acid to water or water to acid?
    Acid to water, because acids are more dense
  37. 2 safety rules for cutting with a sharp instrument
    • cut away from yourself
    • use a hard surface
  38. What does corrosive, combustible, and carcinogen mean?
    • Corrosive: eat away
    • Combustible: catch on fire
    • Carcinogen: cause cancer
  39. (Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Flammable
    2
  40. (Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Eats away at something
    1
  41. (Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Causes cancer
    3
  42. (Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Eats away what it touches
    1
  43. (Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Wood or gasoline
    2
  44. (Corrosive -1, combustible -2, or carcinogen -3) Strong acid on your skin
    1
  45. What is this?
    Burrette
  46. What is this?
    Graduated Cylinder
  47.        What is this?
    Electronic scale
  48. What is this?
    Beam Balance
  49. What is this?
    scalpel
  50. What is this?
    Erlenmeyer flask
  51. What is this?
    Beaker
  52. used to measure mass (2)
    Beam balance, electronic scale
  53. used to measure temperature
    thermometer
  54. used to measure volume (3)
    graduated cylinder, burette, and beaker
  55. used to add very small amounts of a liquid
    burette
  56. used to carry liquids(2)
    Erlenmeyer flask, beaker
  57. very accurate for measuring liquids(20
    burette, graduated cylinder
  58. used to make fine cuts in specimen
    scalpel
  59. Which is more precise beaker or graduated cylinder?
    graduated cylinder
  60. What are plants called since they make their own food?
    Autotrophs
  61. What is glucose?
    plant sugar
  62. Where is glucose produced in a plant cell?
    chloroplast
  63. Where do plants use glucose?
    Mitochondria
  64. The process of water evaporating from leaves and pulling more water up through the plant.
    Transpiration
  65. (Leaves, stems, or roots) absorbs water through osmosis
    Roots
  66. (Leaves, stems, or roots) pulls water up to the leaves
    Stems
  67. (Leaves, stems, or roots) has stomas
    Leaves
  68. (Leaves, stems, or roots) supports the plant, like a skeleton
    stems
  69. (Leaves, stems, or roots) Helps keep land from eroding
    Roots
  70. (Leaves, stems, or roots) Have waxy coating (called the cuticle)
    Leaves
  71. The ___ transports water up the plant, while the ____ transports glucose back down.
    xylem, phloem
  72. If a plant is flaccid it is..
    limp
  73. what is turgor pressure?
    like a pumped up balloon
  74. when plants don't have enough water they ____.
    wilt
  75. Why do cacti only open their stomas at night?
    reduce water loss
  76. stomas?
    on the underside of leaves; opening that lets in CO2 and lets out O2
  77. Manure is biotic or abiotic?
    biotic
  78. What are Mutualism, Commensalism, Predation, and Parasitism?
    • Mutualism: both are benefited
    • Commensalism: One doesn't care
    • Predation: One kill and eats the other
    • Parasitism: One eats the other but the other doesn't die
  79. Trophic Levels in order
    Producers>primary consumers>secondary consumers>tertiary consumers> quaternary consumers
  80. As an embryo grows is it undergoing mitosis or meiosis.
    mitosis
  81. mutation leads to..
    speciation
  82. When are 2 organisms defined as different species?
    when they cannot breed with each other
  83. (Virus or Bacteria) Has genetic material
    Both
  84. (Virus or Bacteria) Are alive
    Bacteria
  85. (Virus or Bacteria) Help us with digestion
    Bacteria
  86. (Virus or Bacteria) needs a host cell to reproduce
    Virus
  87. (Virus or Bacteria) have hard protein coating
    Virus
  88. (Virus or Bacteria) have a cell membrane
    Bacteria
  89. (Virus or Bacteria) can cause diseases
    both
  90. (Virus or Bacteria) can be beneficial
    Bacteria
  91. (Virus or Bacteria) are in yogurt
    Bacteria
  92. (Virus or Bacteria) can replicate if given the nutrients
    bacteria
  93. (Virus or Bacteria) takes over a cell
    virus
  94. (Virus or Bacteria) Has a nucleus
    neither
  95. (Virus or Bacteria) can make its own proteins
    Bacteria
  96. (Virus or Bacteria) killed by antibiotics
    Bacteria
  97. (Virus or Bacteria) causes colds and flu
    Virus
  98. Two ways viruses seem to be alive
    can multiply, genetic material
  99. proof that viruses are not alive
    needs a host to reproduce
  100. Why is the overuse of antibiotics harmful to us?
    also kills the good bacteria
  101. 3 diseases that cannot be cured by antibiotics
    cancer, colds, and HIV
  102. What organelle makes proteins?
    Ribosomes
  103. Without this organelle, the cell would be unable to repair itself/continue to grow.
    Ribosomes
  104. Without this organelle, if a plant lost cell water, it would shrink.
    central vacuole
  105. which organelle holds waste products and maintains water pressure in the cell
    central vacuole
  106. what holds up a plant cell like a skeleton
    cell wall
  107. Why are chloroplasts green?
    chlorophyll gives green pigment
  108. what organelle will allow or disallow these molecules to get in
    cell membrane
  109. which organelle moves these molecules around the cell?
    golgi apparatus
  110. Where are the plans for making the proteins stored?
    mRNA's blueprint
  111. which organelle makes energy or ATP for the cell
    Mitochondria
  112. Which organelle redistributes material to the rest of the cell?
    golgi apparatus
  113. which organelle breaks down left over and worn out material?
    lysosomes
  114. 2 organelles that make energy?
    mitochondria and chloroplast
  115. which organelle is the green house and performs photosynthesis?
    chloroplasts
  116. What is the formula for Photosynthesis?
    6 CO2 + 6 H2O -> C6H12O6 + O6
  117. Equation for cellular respiration?
    C6H12O6 + 6 O6 -> 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + ATP
  118. What is the proof that respiration is a combustion reaction?
    because it uses oxygen and makes water
  119. Taxonomy in Order!
    Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species
  120. Name the 6 Kingdoms!
    Archaebacteria, Eubacteria, Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protista
  121. What is a heterotroph?
    Animals
  122. what is a saprobe?
    organism that digest outside of body
  123. Organisms with a nucleus are..
    Eukaryotes
  124. This kingdom lives in extreme very hot environments.
    Archaebacteria
  125. this kind of bacteria lives in our stomachs
    Eubacteria
  126. what is the movement of molecules from high to low concentration?
    Diffusion
  127. what is a semi-permeable membrane?
    alows some things through, but not others (like cell wall)
  128. Movement of water in high to low through cell membrane
    Osmosis
  129. 2 examples of humans maintaining homeostasis?
    vomiting and sweating
  130. match DNA to DNA : AGGTCA
    TCCAGT
  131. DNA to RNA? : GGTAC
    CCAUG
  132. egg or sperm; has only 1/2 the chromosomes of a full cell
    Gametes
  133. Gametes include what kind of cells?
    reproductive and haploid
  134. fertilized egg; has full set of chromosomes
    Zygote
  135. What kind of cells for zygote?
    diploid
  136. cell division for regeneration-replace with exact copies
    Mitosis
  137. Meiosis affects ____ cells. 
    Mitosis affects _____ cells.
    haploid;diploid
  138. Cell division for sexual reproduction; produce gametes(eggs/sperms)
    Meiosis
  139. Occurs when the nitrogen base sequence is copied wrong
    DNA Mutation
  140. If the gamete cell has 28 chromosomes, how many in the zygote?
    56
  141. Process in which DNA is copied into mRNA
    Transcription
  142. Process in which proteins are made from tRNA
    Translation
  143. Amino Acids are...
    building blocks of proteins
  144. Code of 3 nitrogen bases that tells the ribosome what amino acid to make
    Codon
  145. (Translation or Transcription) when mRNA is turned into tRNA
    Translation
  146. (Translation or Transcription) When DNA is turned into mRNA
    Transcription
  147. (Translation or Transcription) Occurs in the nucleus
    Transcription
  148. (Translation or Transcription) Occurs at the ribosomes
    Translation
  149. The only system that has completely different parts for genders is ...
    reproductive system
  150. system that surrounds the entire body
    integumentary
  151. system that is attacked by the AIDS virus
    immune
  152. system that protects the brain
    skeletal
  153. system that moves the bones
    muscular
  154. system that includes the stomach and intestines
    digestive
  155. system that causes you to feel anxious
    endocrine
  156. system for bird's feathers
    integumentary
  157. system that protects your bones
    muscular
  158. system that helps you get well from the flu
    immune
  159. system that removes unabsorbed food
    excretory
  160. system that is like the cell membrane for a cell
    integumentary
  161. system that makes decisions for the body
    nervous
  162. what 6 systems does the heart transport for?
    Circulatory, Respiratory, Endocrine, Urinary/Excretory, Digestive, Immune
  163. Which 2 systems have been opened when you bleed?
    Integumentary and Circulatory
  164. How is the skin part of the nervous system?
    sensory functions
  165. Is our circulatory system open or closed?
    closed
  166. which system is being helped when amphibians allow oxygen through their skin?
    respiratory
  167. muscles that are autonomous(not controlled) include...
    eyelids, lungs, and heart
  168. gel electrophoresis is for what?
    comparing DNA
  169. What is ecology?
    study of organisms and their enviroments
  170. Cell theory... 2 scientists.. 3 laws
    • Schleiden, Schwann
    • 1.) All living things are made of one or more cells.
    • 2.) Cells are the basic units of life
    • 3.) All cells arise from pre-existing cells
  171. Crossing over=?
    genetic diversity
  172. leaf structure: what is it called when gas and water vapor exiting the leaf
    transpiration
  173. Mitosis in order
    Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
  174. What happens during prophase?
    chromosomes shorten and thicken
  175. what happens during metaphase?
    chromosomes line up across middle
  176. what happens during anaphase?
    chromosomes split and go to opposite poles
  177. What happens during telophase?
    Cell is split into two nucleus's
  178. Interphase is divided into what 3 phases?
    S, G1, and G2
  179. What happens during G1 phase?
    cell growth and development
  180. what happens during the S phase?
    DNA is copied/replicated
  181. What happens during the G2 phase?
    cell prepares for division; gets larger to split in half
  182. what are the 2 tiny structures located in the cytoplasm near the nuclear envelope at he beginning of prophase
    centrioles
  183. which phase in mitosis?
    anaphase
  184. Which phase of mitosis is this?
    telophase

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