World Geo

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World Geo
2013-05-07 19:38:07

World Geo STAAR review
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  1. GIS
    Spatial information systems that merge information from several sources.
  2. GPS
    Uses satellite data to provide navigation information.
  3. Formal Regions
    Entire region shares a common physical or human characteristic. Ex: Gulf-coastal Atlantic plains are relatively flat and on the Gulf of Mexico.
  4. Functional Regions
    A focal point linked by infrastructure or shared association. Ex: Port of Houston is break of bulk point for the southern United States.
  5. Perceptual Regions
    Reflects people's feelings or perception of a particular area. Ex: the "South" can be defined by many different people for different reasons such as food types or dialect.
  6. Lithosphere
    land or rock part of earth (including land under water). Ex: Mountain, plain, valley, continental shelf, canyon, island, mesa.
  7. Atmosphere
    Air (gases) that extends about 6,000 miles above earth's surface
  8. Hydropshere
    Water in, on and above earth in all of its forms. Ex: Groundwater, oceans, lakes, ice caps, water vapor, clouds.
  9. Biosphere
    Parts of the lithosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere that supports life (living organisms like plants, animals, fungi, and bacteria)
  10. Tectonic forces
    Lithosphere, consists of large tectonic plates and move relative to each other; movement causes earthquakes and land-forms  such as mountains and volcanoes at plate boundaries.
  11. Weathering
    Breaking down of rock into smaller pieces; it is caused by wind, water, freezing and thawing; these actions put stress on the rock and cause them to break apart.
  12. Erosion
    Movement of weathered rock caused by gravity, water, wind, or ice.
  13. Wave action
    waves can be either constructive or destructive
  14. Soil building
    weathering, erosion, and eroded rock that result in accumulation of sediment; organic matter combines with sediment to produce soil that can support life.
  15. Tropical (low-latitudes)
    between Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn
  16. Polar (high latitudes)
    North of the Arctic Circle or South of the Antarctic Circle
  17. Temperate (middle latitude)
    Between tropical zone and polar zone
  18. Weather
    Conditions at a particular time and place; can change quickly; hurricanes, floods, tornadoes, droughts, and blizzards.
  19. Climate
    seasonal pattern of wearher conditions in an area over many years; does not change suddenly
  20. Spatial Diffusion
    the spread of plants, animals, goods, and ideas from place to place over time
  21. Migration
    movement of people from one location to another. Physical geography affects paths, flows and destinations.
  22. Population density
    measure of how "crowded" a place is; how many people in a given area
  23. Birth Rate
    number of live births per 1000 people
  24. Mortality Rate
    Number of deaths per 1000 people
  25. Growth Rate
    birth rate minus death rate of population
  26. Population pyramid
    Shows population details by age and gender
  27. Sustainable development
    meeting today's wants and needs without reducing the ability of future generations to meet their wants and needs
  28. Renewable resource
    can be used and replaced over a relatively short time period such as trees and water
  29. Non-Renewable resource
    cannot be replaced or can be replaced only over millions of years such as oil and diamonds
  30. Cities
    large population centers that include commercial, industrial and residential areas
  31. Urbanization
    Growth of cities; fewer than 5% of people lived in cities two hundred years ago, now, more than half of the world's population live in cities