Food Animal Final

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Marytaylor
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218404
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Food Animal Final
Updated:
2013-05-09 08:20:05
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Food Animal Vet Tech
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Food Animal Final
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  1. Name 5 types of Brahman crosses
    Beefmaster, Braford, Brangus, Santa Gertrudis, Simbrah
  2. What is used to vaccinate multiple cattle at
    once?
    Automatic injection syringe
  3. Automatic injection syringe
  4. Define Bacterin
    Killed culture of bacteria
  5. Define Killed Virus
    Killed viral organisms that will produce immunity but will not cause the disease
  6. Define Antitoxin
    Antibodies to bacterial toxins, short acting.
  7. Define Modified Live
    Ability to produce the disease is diminished but will still provide immunity
  8. Define Toxoids
    Provide longterm immunity against toxins; Tatanus toxoid
  9. Define Adjuvants
    Substances added to a biological that enhance the antigens ability to stimulate antibody production.
  10. Sheep WBC:
    4-12 thousand
  11. Sheep PCV
    24-45%
  12. Sheep Pulse:
    70-80bpm
  13. Sheep Temp:
    102-104F
  14. Sheep Puberty:
    5-7 months
  15. Sheep Estrus:
    16-17 days
  16. Sheep Length:
    20-42 hours
  17. Sheep Gestation
    150 days
  18. Goat WBC:
    4-13 thousand
  19. Goat PCV:
    20-38%
  20. Goat Pulse:
    70-80 bpm
  21. Goat Temp:
    101-104 F
  22. Goat Puberty:
    4-8 months
  23. Goat Estrus:
    12-24 days
  24. Goat Length
    39 hours
  25. Goat Gestation:
    150 days
  26. Name 4 dairy goats
    • Saanen
    • Alpine
    • LaMancha
    • Toggenburg
  27. List two methods for identifying Sheep
    Ear tags and tattoos
  28. 4 Examples of pour on parasite control
    Ivomec, Cydectin, Dectomax, Eprinex
  29. List three sheep with primary product of wool
    Dorset, Cheviot, Rambouillet
  30. 2 devices used to feed or medicate a calf
    • Drench applicator
    • Oral calf feeder
  31. What is the best method to dehorn?
    Genetically introduce polled breed
  32. Name 6 types of Pharmaceuticals used by cattle producers?
    • Drench
    • Bolus
    • Liquid
    • Feed Additive
    • Powder
    • Injectable
    • Topical
  33. Define pharmaceuticals and biologicals
    • Pharmaceuticals - Treatment of diseases (meds)
    • Biologicals - Prevention of disease (vaccine)
  34. List 3 IV routes for cattle
    • Caudal Vein
    • Mammary Vein
    • Jugular Vein
  35. Parasite medication Brand name and ingredient
    for liver flukes
    Ivomec Plus (Ivermectin, Clorsulon)
  36. 2 Methods for semen collection
    • Artificial Vagina
    • Electroejaculator
  37. 2 criteria for sheep breed selection
    Meat and Wool
  38. 2 Sheep that originated in U.S.
    Barbado, Targhee
  39. List 3 Clostridial Diseases
    • Blackleg
    • Black’s Disease
    • Redwater
  40. What is the oldest dairy goat breed?
    Toggenburg
  41. What goat is known for its very small ears?
    LaMancha
  42. 2 pharmaceuticals commonly used by cattle producers.
    • Ivomec Plus
    • Safeguard
  43. What device might be useful to assist in a dystocia?
    Obstetrical chains/ropes
  44. List 3 dairy goats breeds
    • Saanen
    • Anglo-Nubian
    • Toggenburg
  45. List 3 methods for administering oral medication to cattle
    • Balling gun
    • Dose syringe
    • Drench
  46. Balling gun
  47. Dose Syringe
  48. European country with the earliest domesticated
    cattle?
    Turkey
  49. List three common reproductive disease that we
    vaccine cattle
    • Bovine Virus Diarrhea
    • Brucellosis
    • Vibriosis
  50. Cow Pulse
    40-80 bpm
  51. Cow Estrus Cycle
    21 days
  52. Cow Respiration
    10-30 rpm
  53. Cow Puberty
    21 days
  54. Cow Temperature
    100 – 102 F
  55. Cow Length of Estrus
    4-24 mos
  56. Cow WBC
    4-12 thousand
  57. Cow RBC
    5-8 million
  58. Cow PCV
    26-42%
  59. Cow Dental formula
    2(I 0/3, C0/1, P 3/3 M 3/3)
  60. Swine are descendants from what breed?
    Eurasian Wild Boar
  61. Why are swine associated with a settled farm community while cattle were associated with nomadic people?
    Because swine don’t do well with walking long distances.
  62. Three pigs that originated in the US
    • Chester White – Pennsylvania 1884
    • Poland China – Southern U.S.
    • Duroc – Eastern U.S. (1700’s)
  63. Chester White is a cross breed of what 3 breeds?
    Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Cumberland
  64. What is the most predominant swine breed?
    Hampshire
  65. 2 pigs that originated in England
    Hampshire and Yorkshire
  66. What swine breed is known for the white belt across their shoulder?
    Hampshire
  67. What swine breed originated in Denmark?
    Landrace
  68. What swine is known for its upright (erect) ears?
    Yorkshire & Vietnamese Potbelly
  69. Swine Temp
    102 F
  70. Swine Resp
    20-30 rpm
  71. Swine Pulse
    50-80 bpm
  72. Swine PCV
    40%
  73. Swine WBC
    18,000
  74. Swine Puberty
    5-8 months
  75. Swine Estrus Cycle
    21 days
  76. Swine Estrus Duration
    2-3 days
  77. Swine Gestation
    114 days (3 month, 3 weeks, 3 days)
  78. Location for Swine Venipuncture
    • Ear
    • Anterior Vena Cava
    • Jugular
  79. What is the normal litter size for swine?
    8-12
  80. What is unique about sow reproduction system?
    • Sow must have at least 4 viable embryos, and
    • even on each side or they will abort fetus
  81. Swine must be kept within a temperature range of
    40-90 F
  82. Barrow
    Castrated male pig
  83. Boar
    intact male pig
  84. farrow
    Giving Birth to pigs
  85. Gilt
    Young female pig - has not had piglets yet
  86. Hog
    Adult Pig
  87. Needle teeth
    Sharp canine teeth of piglets
  88. Shoat
    Young pig, less than 1yr. old
  89. Snare
    Device used to restrain pigs
  90. Sow
    Adult female pig
  91. Tusk
    Canine teeth of hogs
  92. What is the disease in swine causes sudden death due to lack of Vitamin E/Selenium?
    Mulberry Heart Disease
  93. Name 3 viral infections in swine
    • Hog Cholera
    • Pseudorabies
    • Swine Influenza
  94. Name 4 bacterial diseases in swine
    • Swine Erysipelas
    • Salmonellosis
    • Atrophic Rhinitis
    • Swine Dysentery
  95. What swine disease is associated with Haemophilus influenza?
    Swine Influenza
  96. What swine disease is caused by the herpes virus?
    Pseudorabies
  97. What swine disease caused deformities of the facial and turbinates of young pigs?
    Atrophic Rhinitis
  98. Poultry ID: what are the different ways and when do you do it?
    • Toe-punch - 1 day old
    • Wing Band - 1 day old
    • Leg Band - Adult
  99. Define dubbing?
    Removing the comb
  100. Term used for the removal of the wattles
    Dewattling
  101. Debeaking poultry
    Remove tip of top beak only
  102. Caponizing
    Way to neuter male chicken
  103. Locations for Poultry Venipuncture
    Jugular or wing
  104. Egg Hatching:
    Chickens
    Turkeys
    • 21days 
    • 28days
  105. Poultry Puberty
    5-7 months
  106. Ostriches products
    Hide, Meat, Feathers
  107. Ostrich 
    Ht:
    Wt:
    • Ht: 6-8 ft tall
    • Wt: 300 lbs
  108. Ostrich
    Start laying eggs:
    Avg number of eggs:
    Egg Wt:
    • Start laying eggs: 18-20 months
    • Avg number of eggs: 50 p/season
    • Egg Wt: 3 1/2 lbs
  109. A pair of breeding ostriches' require how much land
    1/2 acre
  110. Ostriches are classified as
    Livestock not exotic
  111. Ostrich nutritional requirements
    Chopped grain and alfalfa hay
  112. Emus are native to
    Australia
  113. Emu
    Ht:
    Wt:
    • Ht: 4-6 ft
    • Wt: 100 lbs
  114. Emu products
    Meat, Leather, Eggs (green), oil
  115. Emu
    Breeding starts: 
    Produce:
    Eggs incubate:
    • Breeding starts: 2 yrs
    • Produce: 20-50 eggs p/yr
    • Eggs incubate: 50-56 days
  116. Rhea native to
    Argentina
  117. Rhea products
    Ht:
    • Meat and Hide
    • Ht: 3 ft
  118. Alligator products
    Hide and meat
  119. Alligators
    Length: 
    Breeding maturity:
    • Length: 6-7 ft long
    • Breeding maturity: 8-13 yrs
  120. Llhama
    Lifespan: 
    Wt: 
    Gestation:
    • Lifespan: 15-25 yrs
    • Wt: 280 - 450 lbs
    • Gestation: 350 days
  121. What breed of deer is considered exotic?
    Fallow
  122. 4 Types of swine operations
    • Farrow to finish - birth to market
    • Feeder Pig - owned until weaned
    • Finishing operation - purchase after weaned
    • Purebred operation - birth to market
  123. Cock
    Mature male chicken
  124. Hen
    Mature female chicken
  125. Capon
    Castrated chicken
  126. 4 Cattle behaviors
    • Strong follow the leader instinct
    • Balk at facing the sun
    • Balk at waving objects
    • Don't like being isolated
  127. 4 cattle restraint devices
    • Halters
    • Chin Chains
    • Nose Tongs
    • Nose Ring
  128. What method of restraint is used to prevent kicking in cattle?
    Tail Twitch
  129. Define Casting  
    Putting a cow in a recumbent position
  130. What is the name of our squeeze chute?
    Filson
  131. Name 3 types of Squeeze chutes
    • Hydraulic Squeeze Chute
    • Manual
    • Scissor Stanchion
  132. 2 Methods to treat Ruminal Tymphany
    • Frick Speculum & Stomach Tube
    • Trocar & Cannula
  133. Name 2 parasites
    • Haemonchus placei
    • Ostertagia Ostertagi
  134. 3 All black cattle
    Angus, Brangus, Welsh Black
  135. 3 Cattle breeds from Italy
    • Chianina
    • Marchigiana
    • Romagnola
  136. Name a cow that originated in Australia
    Murrey Grey
  137. What is the oldest dairy cow?
    Brown Swiss
  138. 3 Tools used for herding cattle
    • Plastic Paddle
    • Show Tool
    • Herd Stick
  139. What is another name for Pseudorabies
    Aujesky's Disease
  140. 5 reasons Brahman have breed influence
    • Heat resistant
    • Disease Resistant
    • Floppy ears
    • Intelligent
    • Good Foragers
  141. 5 instances when Partition Assistance is warranted
    • Dystocia 
    • First calf heifers
    • Disproportionate bull/cow size ratio
    • Brucellosis status
    • Cesarean section
  142. 4 causes for reproductive failures in cattle
    • Cysts
    • Uterine infections
    • Uterine Prolapse
    • Crytorchidism (males)
  143. Band Elastrator
  144. Burdizzo Emasculator
  145. Newberry Castrating Knife
  146. Caprine Feeding Unit
  147. Electric Dehorner
  148. Ewe plastic pessary
  149. Keystone Dehorner
  150. Hercules fetal extractor
  151. Year alligators were considered endangered
    Year public hunting was allowed
    • 1967
    • 1988
  152. Llama products
    Beast of burden, meat, clothing, hide, and manure pellets for fuel
  153. Swine processes that occur with litter of piglets
    • Navel cord care - 1st day
    • Clip needle teeth - 1st day
    • Dock tail - 1st day
    • Ear notch - 1st day
    • Castration within 5-7 days
    • Start creep feeding within 2 weeks
  154. 4 types of death that occur in baby piglets
    • Still born/mummies
    • Crushing deaths
    • Starvation
    • Suffication
  155. Alligators can lay ______ eggs that incubate for ______.
    • 20-50 eggs
    • 65 days
  156. Llama is a modified ruminant with a ___________.
    3 compartment stomach
  157. Llama are _____ ovulators
    Offspring are called
    • induced 
    • cria
  158. List 4 different types of housing for swine.
    • Existing Building
    • A-Frame
    • Open front
    • Confinement
  159. 6 steps to getting the chicken to the consumer.
    • 1. Foundation breeder flock
    • 2. Hatchery supply flocks
    • 3. Hatcheries
    • 4. Broiler growout operation
    • 5. Processing Plant
    • 6. Distribution Channels

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