Food Animal Final
Card Set Information
Food Animal Final
Food Animal Vet Tech
Food Animal Final
Name 5 types of Brahman crosses
Beefmaster, Braford, Brangus, Santa Gertrudis, Simbrah
What is used to vaccinate multiple cattle at
Automatic injection syringe
Automatic injection syringe
Killed culture of bacteria
Define Killed Virus
Killed viral organisms that will produce immunity but will not cause the disease
Antibodies to bacterial toxins, short acting.
Define Modified Live
Ability to produce the disease is diminished but will still provide immunity
Provide longterm immunity against toxins; Tatanus toxoid
Substances added to a biological that enhance the antigens ability to stimulate antibody production.
Name 4 dairy goats
List two methods for identifying Sheep
Ear tags and tattoos
4 Examples of pour on parasite control
Ivomec, Cydectin, Dectomax, Eprinex
List three sheep with primary product of wool
Dorset, Cheviot, Rambouillet
2 devices used to feed or medicate a calf
Oral calf feeder
What is the best method to dehorn?
Genetically introduce polled breed
Name 6 types of Pharmaceuticals used by cattle producers?
Define pharmaceuticals and biologicals
Pharmaceuticals - Treatment of diseases (meds)
Biologicals - Prevention of disease (vaccine)
List 3 IV routes for cattle
Parasite medication Brand name and ingredient
for liver flukes
Ivomec Plus (Ivermectin, Clorsulon)
2 Methods for semen collection
2 criteria for sheep breed selection
Meat and Wool
2 Sheep that originated in U.S.
List 3 Clostridial Diseases
What is the oldest dairy goat breed?
What goat is known for its very small ears?
2 pharmaceuticals commonly used by cattle producers.
What device might be useful to assist in a dystocia?
List 3 dairy goats breeds
List 3 methods for administering oral medication to cattle
European country with the earliest domesticated
List three common reproductive disease that we
Bovine Virus Diarrhea
Cow Estrus Cycle
100 – 102 F
Cow Length of Estrus
Cow Dental formula
2(I 0/3, C0/1, P 3/3 M 3/3)
Swine are descendants from what breed?
Eurasian Wild Boar
Why are swine associated with a settled farm community while cattle were associated with nomadic people?
Because swine don’t do well with walking long distances.
Three pigs that originated in the US
Chester White – Pennsylvania 1884
Poland China – Southern U.S.
Duroc – Eastern U.S. (1700’s)
Chester White is a cross breed of what 3 breeds?
Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Cumberland
What is the most predominant swine breed?
2 pigs that originated in England
Hampshire and Yorkshire
What swine breed is known for the white belt across their shoulder?
What swine breed originated in Denmark?
What swine is known for its upright (erect) ears?
Yorkshire & Vietnamese Potbelly
Swine Estrus Cycle
Swine Estrus Duration
114 days (3 month, 3 weeks, 3 days)
Location for Swine Venipuncture
Anterior Vena Cava
What is the normal litter size for swine?
What is unique about sow reproduction system?
Sow must have at least 4 viable embryos, and
even on each side or they will abort fetus
Swine must be kept within a temperature range of
Castrated male pig
intact male pig
Giving Birth to pigs
Young female pig - has not had piglets yet
Sharp canine teeth of piglets
Young pig, less than 1yr. old
Device used to restrain pigs
Adult female pig
Canine teeth of hogs
What is the disease in swine causes sudden death due to lack of Vitamin E/Selenium?
Mulberry Heart Disease
Name 3 viral infections in swine
Name 4 bacterial diseases in swine
What swine disease is associated with Haemophilus influenza?
What swine disease is caused by the herpes virus?
What swine disease caused deformities of the facial and turbinates of young pigs?
Poultry ID: what are the different ways and when do you do it?
Toe-punch - 1 day old
Wing Band - 1 day old
Leg Band - Adult
Removing the comb
Term used for the removal of the wattles
Remove tip of top beak only
Way to neuter male chicken
Locations for Poultry Venipuncture
Jugular or wing
Hide, Meat, Feathers
Ht: 6-8 ft tall
Wt: 300 lbs
Start laying eggs:
Avg number of eggs:
Start laying eggs
: 18-20 months
Avg number of eggs
: 50 p/season
: 3 1/2 lbs
A pair of breeding ostriches' require how much land
Ostriches are classified as
Livestock not exotic
Ostrich nutritional requirements
Chopped grain and alfalfa hay
Emus are native to
: 4-6 ft
: 100 lbs
Meat, Leather, Eggs (green), oil
: 2 yrs
: 20-50 eggs p/yr
: 50-56 days
Rhea native to
Meat and Hide
: 3 ft
Hide and meat
: 6-7 ft long
: 8-13 yrs
: 15-25 yrs
: 280 - 450 lbs
: 350 days
What breed of deer is considered exotic?
4 Types of swine operations
Farrow to finish - birth to market
Feeder Pig - owned until weaned
Finishing operation - purchase after weaned
Purebred operation - birth to market
Mature male chicken
Mature female chicken
4 Cattle behaviors
Strong follow the leader instinct
Balk at facing the sun
Balk at waving objects
Don't like being isolated
4 cattle restraint devices
What method of restraint is used to prevent kicking in cattle?
Putting a cow in a recumbent position
What is the name of our squeeze chute?
Name 3 types of Squeeze chutes
Hydraulic Squeeze Chute
2 Methods to treat Ruminal Tymphany
Frick Speculum & Stomach Tube
Trocar & Cannula
Name 2 parasites
3 All black cattle
Angus, Brangus, Welsh Black
3 Cattle breeds from Italy
Name a cow that originated in Australia
What is the oldest dairy cow?
3 Tools used for herding cattle
What is another name for Pseudorabies
5 reasons Brahman have breed influence
5 instances when Partition Assistance is warranted
First calf heifers
Disproportionate bull/cow size ratio
4 causes for reproductive failures in cattle
Newberry Castrating Knife
Caprine Feeding Unit
Ewe plastic pessary
Hercules fetal extractor
Year alligators were considered endangered
Year public hunting was allowed
Beast of burden, meat, clothing, hide, and manure pellets for fuel
Swine processes that occur with litter of piglets
Navel cord care - 1st day
Clip needle teeth - 1st day
Dock tail - 1st day
Ear notch - 1st day
Castration within 5-7 days
Start creep feeding within 2 weeks
4 types of death that occur in baby piglets
Alligators can lay ______ eggs that incubate for ______.
Llama is a modified ruminant with a ___________.
3 compartment stomach
Llama are _____ ovulators
Offspring are called
List 4 different types of housing for swine.
6 steps to getting the chicken to the consumer.
1. Foundation breeder flock
2. Hatchery supply flocks
4. Broiler growout operation
5. Processing Plant
6. Distribution Channels