TERMS CHAP 4,5,10

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sandovalfj
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218410
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TERMS CHAP 4,5,10
Updated:
2013-05-11 12:17:11
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TERMS
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TERMS
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  1. DIMORPHIC
    MICROORGANISMS ABILITY TO EXIST IN TWO FORMS
  2. HETEROTROPH
    • ORGANISM THAT RELIES ON ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FOR ITS CARBON AND ENERGY NEEDS
    • HERTERO: DIFFERENT, TROPH: FEEDER
  3. HYPAHE
    THREADS THAT MAKE UP FILAMENTOUS FUNGI CAN BE SEPTATE OR NON-SEPTATE
  4. MYCELIUM
    THE FILAMENTOUS MASS THAT MAKES UP A MOLD. MACROSCOPIC MADE OF HYPHAE
  5. MYCOSES
    ANY DISEASE CAUSED BY A FUNGUS
  6. NON-SEPTATE HYPHAE
    NON SEGMENTED HYPHAE
  7. PSEUDOHYPHA
    A CHAIN OF EASILY SEPARATED YEAST CELLS PARTITIONED BY CONSTRICTIONS RATHER THAN BY SEPTA
  8. SAPROBIC
    ORGANISM THAT GETS ITS NUTRITIONAL NEEDS FROM DEAD OR DECAYING MATTER
  9. SEPTATE HYPHAE
    HYPHAE SEPARATED BY WALLS CALLED SEPTA
  10. SPORES
    UNICELLELAR SPECIALIZED CELLS THAT ARE USED FOR REPODRUCTION, DISSEMIINATION, AND SURVIVAL DURING TIMES OF ADVERSE CONDITIONS CAN DEVELOP INTO GAMETES OR VEGETATIVE ORGAMISMS
  11. BROAD SPECTRUM
    EFFECTIVE AGAINST MORE THAN ONE GROUP OF BACTERIA
  12. CHEMOTHERAPY
    THE USE OF CHEMICAL SUBSTANCE OR DRUG TO TREAT OR PREVENT DISEASE
  13. HEMOTOXIC
    TOXIC TO THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM AND BLOOD
  14. HEPATOTOXIC
    TOXIC TO THE LIVER
  15. IN-VITRO
    ANY PROCESS OR REACTION THAT TAKES PLACE IN AN ARTIFICIAL ENVIRONMENT IE: TEST TUBE OR PETRI DISH
  16. IN-VIVO
    ANY PROCESS OR REACTION THAT TAKES PLACE IN A LIVING THING
  17. SUPERINFECTION
    MICROBES THAT WERE ONCE SMALL IN NUMBER OVERGROW WHEN NORMAL RESIDENT BIOTA ARE DESTROYED BY BROAD-SPECTRUM ANTIMICROBIALS
  18. NARROW SPECTRUM
    TARGET A SPECIFIC BACTERIAL GROUP
  19. MINIMUM INHIBITORY CONCENTRATION (MIC)
    • THE SMALLEST CONCENTRATION (HIGHEST DILUTION) OF A DRUG THAT VISIBLY INHIBITS GROWTH
    • USEFUL IN DETERMINING THE EFFECTIVE DOSAGE OF DRUG
  20. NEPHROTOXIC
    TOXIC TO THE KIDNEYS
  21. NEUROTOXIC
    TOXIC TO THE NERVOUS SYSTEM
  22. SELECTIVE TOXICITY
    ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT THAT MUST ACT AGAINST PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS WITHOUT HARMING HOST CELLS
  23. ACELLULAR
    WITHOUT A CELL
  24. CAPSID
    • PROTEIN SHELL THAT SURROUNDS NUCLEIC ACID
    • COMPOSED OF IDENTICAL PROTEIN SUBUNITS CALLED CAPSOMERES
  25. ENVELOPE
    EXTERNAL COVERING OF NUCLEOCAPSID, USUALLY A MODIFIED PIECE OF A THE HOST'S CELL MEMBRANE
  26. PROTEIN SPIKES
    • CAN BE FOUND ON NAKED OR ENVELOPED VIRUSES
    • PROJECT FORM THE NUCLEOCAPSID OR THE ENVELOPE
    • ALLOW VIRUSES TO DOCK WITH HOST CELLS
  27. VIRION
    FULLY FORMED VIRUS CAPABLE OF CAUSING AN INFECTION
  28. PLE0MORPHIC
    • HAVING A VARIABLE SHAPE
    • RANGE FROM SPHERICAL TO FILAMENTOUS
  29. NUCLEOCAPSID
    • MADE UP OF CAPSID AND THE NUCLEIC ACID TOGETHER
    • NAKED VIRUSES CONSIST OF ONLY NUCLEOCAPSID
  30. CYTOPATHIC EFFECTS (CPEs)
    VIRUS-INDUCED DAMAGE TO THE CELL THAT ALTERS ITS MICROSCOPIC APPEARANCE
  31. VIRAL INDUCTION
    VIRUS IN A LYSOGENIC CELL BECOMES ACTIVATED AND PROGRESSES DIRECTLY INTO VIRAL REPLICATION
  32. LYSOGENIC CONVERSION
    • VIRAL DNA IS INSERTED INTO BACTERIAL CHROMOSOMES
    • COPIED DURING NORMAL BACTERIAL CELL DIVISION
    • DOES NOT UNDERGO REPLICATION OR RELEASE IMMEDIATELY

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