nutrition last test

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nutrition last test
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2013-05-07 22:24:01
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  1. technique use to measure the amount of heat given off when a food burns
    direct calorimetry
  2. technique used to measure the amount of oxygen consumed when a food burns
    indirect calorimetry
  3. respose to the smell of a favorite food
    appetite
  4. irritating sensation that imitates thoughts of food
    hunger
  5. a feeling of fullness after eating
    satiety
  6. eating in response to arousal
    stress eating
  7. energy needed to maintain the body at rest
    basal metabolism
  8. a factor that lowers basal metabolism
    fasting
  9. a factor that raises basal metabolism
    caffeine
  10. term that describes the energy needed to process food
    thermic effect
  11. changes in energy expenditure consequent to changes in environment
    adaptive thermogenesis
  12. an enzyme that promote fat storage
    lipoprotein lipase
  13. a theory that the body tends to maintain a certain weight by internal controls
    set point
  14. hormone that stimulates appetite
    ghrelin
  15. type of adipose the primarily stores fat
    white fat
  16. type of adipose that primarily produces heat
    brown fat
  17. substance in some herbs that may cause heart attacks and seizures
    ephedrine
  18. inhibitor of pancreatic lipase
    orlistat
  19. a cosmetic surgical procedure
    liposuction
  20. the capacity of the joints to move with less chance of injury
    flexibility
  21. increase in muscle size and strength
    hypertrophy
  22. a chief substance of the cori cycle that is released by muscles
    lactate
  23. depletion of this substance leads funners to experience  "hitting the wall"
    glucose
  24. substance in muscles the serves as a source of energy and water
    glycogen
  25. transient condition of low blood hemoglobin in athletes
    sports anemia
  26. early symptoms of this disorder include nausea and stumbling
    hyperthermia
  27. early symptom of this disorder include shivering and feeling cold
    hypothermia
  28. the replacement of fluids during physical activities
    hydration
  29. stimulant use to enhance performance during exercise
    caffeine
  30. depressant that promotes fluid losses
    alcohol
  31. a newly fertilized ovum
    zygote
  32. developing infant form 2 to 8 weeks after conception
    embryo
  33. adequate intakes of this nutrient within the 30 days prior to conception are especially important to lower risk of birth defects
    folate
  34. dietary supplements of this nutrient are recommended early in pregnancy
    iron
  35. a recommended practice to prevent or relieve heartburn
    eat small, frequent meals
  36. a craving for non-food substances
    pica
  37. a condition characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine
    preeclampsia
  38. excess intake of this substance in pregnancy is known to result in mental retardation of the child
    alcohol
  39. chief protein in human breast milk
    alpha-lactalbumin
  40. chief protein in cows milk
    casein
  41. nutrient that is low in human milk but adequate in infant formulas
    vitamin D
  42. pre-milk substance from the breast containing antibodies
    colostrum
  43. substance in breast milk that deprives intestinal bacteria of iron
    lactoferrin
  44. process whereby breast milk is gradually replaced by formula or semi-solid foods
    weaning
  45. possible source of infant botulism
    honey
  46. deficiency of this nutrient in children causes symptom similar to mild lead toxicity
    iron
  47. substance given to prevent anaphylactic shock in people with food allergies
    epinephrine
  48. period in life when nan individual becomes physically capable of reproduction
    puberty
  49. loss of muscle mass
    sarcopenia
  50. term that describes difficulty swallowing
    dysphagia
  51. a condition characterized, in part by an inflamed stomach and abundant bacteria
    atrophic gastritis
  52. stomach bacterial utilization of this nutrient increases risk for deficiency
    vitamin B12
  53. low intake of milk by elderly people contributes to deficiency of this nutrient
    vitamin D
  54. thickening of the eye lenses that occurs with aging
    cataracts
  55. type of arthritis involving a defective immune system
    rheumatoid arthritis
  56. substance found in the brains of people with alzheimer's disease
    beta-amyloid
  57. intake of this substance along with milk reduces calcium absorption
    tetracycline
  58. intake of this substance interferes with utilization of many cardiovascular and central nervous system drugs
    grapefruit juice
  59. immune cells that produce antibodies
    B-cells
  60. the primary cause of death in the united states
    heart disease
  61. an accumulation of lipid material embedded in arterial walls
    plaque
  62. a blood clot that has broken loose and circulate in the bloodstream
    embolus
  63. small, cell like bodies required for formation of the blood clot
    platelets
  64. the bulging of an artery commonly caused by elevated blood pressure
    aneurysm
  65. consequence of a clot that stops blood flow to the brain
    stroke
  66. this type of diabetes is always controlled by insulin injections
    type 1 diabetes
  67. this type of diabetes is usually controlled without insulin injections
    type 2 diabetes
  68. term that describes the death of tissue due to deficient blood supply, common in severe cases of diabetes
    gangrene
  69. when cancers spread to other tissues of the body
    metastasis
  70. an abnormal mass of cells
    tumor
  71. term that designates the ability of a substance to harm living organisms if enough is consumed
    toxicity
  72. term designating that a substance is possibly toxic under normal use conditions
    hazard
  73. typical food borne infection that results from eating undercooked or raw shellfish
    hepatitis
  74. poisonous narcotic-like substance present in potato sprouts
    solanine
  75. class of substance that are purposely added to foods
    intentional additives
  76. substances added to cured meats to preserve color
    nitrite
  77. carcinogenic substance formed within the stomach
    nitrosamines
  78. a preservative commonly used in snack foods to slow the development of off-flavors, odors, and color changes
    BHT
  79. flavor enhancer
    MSG
  80. hormone that promote growth and milk production in cows
    BGH
  81. substance used to remove caffeine from coffee
    methylene chloride
  82. organization that is responsible for ensuring the public water system meet minimum health standards
    EPA
  83. the primary cause of hunger
    poverty
  84. USDA program aimed at preventing or remediating  domestic malnutrition and hunger for the poor
    SNAP
  85. name of the larges t national food recovery program
    feeding america
  86. extreme scarcity of food
    famine
  87. treatment for diarrhea-related dehydration
    ORT
  88. produced in large quantities by cows
    methane
  89. this source of water for crops increase the salinity of the soil
    irrigation
  90. type of water pollution caused by runoff
    nonpoint
  91. term that describes using resources at the replaceable rate with no net accumulation of pollution
    sustainable

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