Biomes

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Author:
ashleycortes
ID:
218489
Filename:
Biomes
Updated:
2013-05-08 02:40:54
Tags:
biomes honors biology mcneece
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Test on Wednesday, 8 May 2013.
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  1. An ____ is made up of abiotic factors and biotic factors.
    ecosystem
  2. Abiotic factors are ____ and biotic factors are ____.
    • non-living
    • living
  3. A ____ is made up of living things.
    community
  4. A community contains several ____.
    populations
  5. population
    all organisms of the same species in an area
  6. A population ____ to adapt to a ecosystem. The population interacts with ____ and ____.
    • evolves
    • the environment
    • each other
  7. ____ contend for resources.
    Competition
  8. 2 different species can't coexist in a community if they share the same ____.
    niche
  9. niche
    method to use the resources available
  10. predation
    a predator/prey relationship
  11. mutualism
    • a relationship in which both species benefit
    • (+/+)
  12. commensalism
    • a relationship in which 1 species benefits and the other is indifferent
    • (+/0)
  13. parasitism
    a relationship that benefits 1 species and harms the other
  14. biome
    an ecosystem based on climate
  15. How many terrestrial biomes are there?
    7
  16. What are the names of each of the biomes?
    • tundra
    • taiga
    • temperate forest
    • temperate grassland
    • savanna
    • desert
    • tropical rainforest
  17. Abiotic factors of tundra.
    • ice/snow
    • cold/dark
    • long, cold winters
    • permafrost (permanently frozen underlayer)
    • little rainfall
  18. Biotic factors of tundra.
    • few plants (small)
    • few animals year round
    • During the summer months, animals migrate to the tundra
  19. What are two other names for taiga?
    • coniferous forest
    • coniferous rain forest
    • boreal forest
  20. Abiotic factors of taiga.
    • very cold winter (long)
    • short cool summers with rain
  21. Biotic factors of taiga.
    • tall trees (evergreen)
    • understory (close to ground) does not contain too many plants
    • small shrubs (ferns [tolerant of minimal light])
    • lots of animals
  22. What is another name for temperate forest?
    temperate deciduous forest
  23. Abiotic factors of temperate forest.
    • cold winters & warm summers
    • high rainfall
    • 4 seasons
  24. Biotic factors of temperate forest.
    • deciduous trees (loses leaves in winter)
    • understory made up of tall trees, small trees, and shrubs
    • animals that hibernate
  25. Abiotic factors of temperate grassland.
    • cold winters
    • hot/dry summers
    • soil is great for growing crops
  26. Biotic factors of temperate grassland.
    • low growing plants
    • taller grass (more rain)
    • shorter grass (less rain)
    • bison/buffalo (grazing animal)
  27. Abiotic factors of savanna.
    • cool, dry winters
    • hot, wet summers
  28. Biotic factors of savanna.
    • grasses (not a lot of trees)
    • lost of animals (grazing and predators)
  29. Abiotic factors of desert.
    • very little rainfall
    • hot day, cold night
  30. Biotic factors of desert.
    • few plants (adapted to little water)
    • nocturnal animals
  31. Abiotic factors of tropical rainforest.
    • always warm
    • always wet (lots of rain)
  32. Biotic factors of tropical rainforest.
    • largest selection of living things (plants and animals)
    • epiphyte (plant that grows on other plants)
  33. What are the three layers of the tropical rainforestĀ  (top to bottom)?
    • canopy
    • understory
    • floor
  34. What are the two different types of marine biomes?
    • fresh water
    • ocean (salt water)

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