Exam 5 Content 3

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Author:
ssoucie
ID:
218516
Filename:
Exam 5 Content 3
Updated:
2013-05-08 06:32:04
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exam
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Description:
Intracranial Disorders II
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  1. What is the leading cause of death and disibility in the US?
    Head Injuries
  2. What is the highest risk age for head injury and what gender?
    • age 15-44
    • males
  3. Contusion =
    Focal
  4. What is a bruise of the surface of the brain?
    Contusion
  5. What is a contusion?
    A bruise on the surface of the brain
  6. When does edema peak after a contusion?
    12-24 hrs after injury
  7. What is the treatment for a contusion?
    Monitor and control IICP
  8. Concussion =
    Diffuse
  9. What is a momentary interruption of brain function with or without loss of consciousness?
    Concussion
  10. What is a concussion?
    A momentary interruption of brain function with or without loss of consciousness
  11. What is the treatment for concussion?
    Monitor 1-2hrs in ER
  12. If loss of consciousness is suspected, should patient just stay home and me monitored or taken to the ER?
    Taken to the ER!
  13. A stroke has common signs and symptoms to _____?
    Brain injury
  14. A brain injury and ____ have common symptoms
    stroke
  15. This type of cranial bbleed has a rapid aterial bleed with a classic Sign/ Symptom of a breif loss of conscious, followed by a period of lucidity, followed by another loss of consciousness?
    Epidural Bleed/ Hematoma
  16. Explain an epidural bleed/ hematoma cranial bleed?
    A Rapid Arterial Bleed, with sign and symptom of breif loss of consciousness, followed by a period of lucidity, followed by another loss of consciousness
  17. A patient is experiencing a brief loss of consciousness, followed by a period of lucidity, followed by another loss of consciousness, what is she most likely experiencing?
    An epidural bleed/ hematoma cranial bleed
  18. This is a slower venous/ vastricular cranial bleed, that may dissolve by itself or need surgery?
    Subdural Bleed
  19. This is a cranial bleed, that surgery is NOT an option.... ?
    Intracerebral Bleed (bleeding into the brain)
  20. This is bleeding into the brain and surgery is not an option?
    Intracerebral bleed
  21. If giving a patient fluid with an IICP, what type of saline would you NOT give?
    No Dextrose, ex- D5LR
  22. What type of pulse pressure should you watch for as a sign of a cranial bleed?
    Widened Pulse Pressure (Cushing's Triad)
  23. What is Cushing's Triad?
    Widened Pulse Pressure
  24. Monitoring for Cushing's Triad should be done when expecting ______?
    Cranial Bleed

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