Chpt. 16 Leadership
Card Set Information
Chpt. 16 Leadership
-Process between leaders and followers
-involves social influence
-occurs at multiple levels in an org.
-focuses on goal accomplishment
physical or personality characteristic that can be used to differentiate leaders from
Core Leader Traits (5)
4)Level of Energy+Activity
Implicit Leadership Theory
based on the idea that people have beliefs about how leaders should behave and what
they should do for their followers.
mental representations of the traits and behaviors that people believe are possessed
Bad Leader Traits
Trait Theory Takeaways
1)Orgs. may want to include personality+trait assessments into selection/promotion processes
2)Mgmt. development programs can be used to build a pipeline of leadership talent.
Ohio State Studies: Consideration
creating mutual respect and trust with followers
Ohio State Studies: Initiating Structure
organizing and defining what group members should be doing
Behavioral Styles Takeaways
1)Leader behaviors can be systematically improved/developed
2)No 1 best style of leadership
3)Effectiveness of particular leadership style depends on situation at hand
propose that the effectiveness of a particular style of leader behavior depends on the
Fiedler's Contingency Theory
based on the premise that a leader’s effectiveness is contingent on the extent to
which a leader’s style fits or matches characteristics of the situation at
Fiedler's Situational Control
refers to the amount of control and influence the leader has in his immediate work
3 Dimensions of Situational Control
extent to which the leader has the support, loyalty, and trust of work group
concerned with the amount of structure contained within tasks performed by the work group
the degree to which the leader has formal power to reward, punish, or otherwise
obtain compliance from employees
Describes how leadership effectiveness is
influenced by the interaction between four leadership styles – directive,
supportive, participative, achievement-oriented
Situational variables that cause one style of leadership to be more effective than another
1)Leadership is more complex and involves greater variety of leader behavior
2)Role of intrinsic motivation and empowerment in influencing leadership effectiveness
focuses on clarifying employees’ role and task requirements and providing followers
with positive and negative rewards contingent on performance.
engender trust, seek to develop leadership in others, exhibit self-sacrifice and serve
as moral agents, focusing themselves and followers on objectives that transcend
the more immediate needs of the work group.
Leader-Member Exchange Model (LMX)
Focuses on the quality of relationships
between managers and subordinates as opposed to the behaviors or traits of
either leaders or followers.
Assumes that leaders develop unique
one-on-one relationships with direct reports.
leaders and followers develop a partnership characterized by reciprocal influence,
mutual trust, respect and liking, and a sense of common fates.
Leaders are characterized as overseers who fail to create a sense of mutual trust,
respect, or common fate
dynamic, interactive influence process among individuals in groups for which the
objective is to lead one another to the achievement of group or organizational
goals or both
focuses on increasing services to others rather than to oneself less likely to engage in self-serving behaviors that hurt others