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Architectural drawing typically include which of the following?
- site plan
- floor plans
- exterior elevations
- foundation plan
- building sections
- floor and roof framing plans
- details of roof and wall edges and trim
- interior elevations of cabinets and special walls
How do builders or developers usually obtain the capital needed for the construction of speculative projects?
they obtain a construction loan from a lender
Which of the following consultants would be hired to design a building framing technique that is not covered in building code?
Which of the following is the difference between an architect and a building designer?
Architects must complete five years of school, three years of internship, and then pass a nationally accredited exam
Which of the following regulates the design and construction of residential buildings?
One of the reasons the construction community has become greener is because increased environmental regulation is instituted through zoning and building regulations
The difference between builders and general contractors is that the general contractor has a legal contract with the owner to build the entire building
Which lumber seasoning method is fast but the most controlled and costly?
Which of the following are examples of wood panel products?
Which of the following are uses for wood I-joists
wall and roof framing
Which of the following come from coniferous or evergreen trees?
Which of the following is an example of a soft hardwood?
Which of the following is an example of a very hard hardwood?
Example of structural composite lumber?
laminated veneer lumber
Which of the following is one of the most toxic wood preservatives?
What is used to determine the true horizontal distance between the corners of a building?
Type of bacteria decomposes solids in a septic tank?
Examples of potable water sources that are approved by code?
well or municipal water supply
What are used to establish the position, shape, and size of the building on site?
Large hole filled with rocks used to collect storm water?
Who is responsible for determining property lines?
How can moisture escape if it gets behind a brick or stone wall?
Actual dimensions of the most common concrete block?
7 5/8" x 7 5/8" x 15 5/8"
Mortar curing chemical reaction process?
Purpose of the channel bond beam concrete masonry unit?
provides space for horizontal reinforcing bars (rebar)
Where do masons usually start laying concrete block?
In da corners
How are slabs usually reinforced?
welded wire fabric
Purpose of anchor bolts?
they connect sill plate to the foundation
Purpose of control joints in slabs and other concrete work?
to provide a place where the forces that cause cracking can be relieved
Purpose of slab edge insulation?
Stops thermal bridging from the outside cold air
Typical thickness of interior nonloadbearing slabs?
What size rebar is usually installed in footings?
Where is foundation drainage matting installed?
outside of the foundation wall
Soil type that consists of very small plate shaped particles?
Concrete masonry walls require both horizontal and vertical steel reinforcement.
Foundation drains need to be installed above the foundation's footing
Wood foundations can be backfilled with gravel and soil
OSB floor sheathing is installed in which direction?
perpendicular to the floor joists
Purpose of bridging or solid blocking?
holds joists straight and helps them share concentrated loads
Best describes platform frame?
Built on top of foundation wall and then the A floor platform is built on top of the foundation wall and then walls are framed on top of the floor system
Name of the board that is bolted to the foundation and functions as a base for wood framing?
A disadvantage of balloon framing is that fire can spread quickly to stories above
Stair openings framed openings with double header joists and double trimmer joists
Types of windows
- single, double-hung
Components of a window
- sash: holds glass
- jamb: fram around sash
- casing: surrounds jamb
- Refers to glass incorporated into building or set within window sash
- single, double
2 stickers on windows
- U-value: values for thermal insulation (want lower value, more insulation)
- Solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC): ability of window to slow down radiation
- forms a container around the conditioned spaces in the house
- commonly referred to as thermal envelope
- loose fill
- rigid board
Key elements of quality construction
- dimensionally correct
Nominal vs. Actual
- 2 x 4 = 1.5" x 3.5"
- 2 x 6 = 1.5" x 5.5"
- 2 x 8 = 1.5" x 7.25" etc.
- used for rafters and floor joists, light-weight
- perimeter: band
- last floor joist: rim joist
- top: header
Passive solar design
- elongate building design along with east/west axis
- collecting and storing heat
- south facing glass
- thermal mass (concrete slab)
- properly sized overhangs
- same as concrete, but no gravel
- laying brick, block, rock, etc.
- adobe first example
- 8 inch, 12 inch: most common
- form: made out of wood mostly, used to form concrete footing
- perimeter drains at same level or below footing
- 8 inch foundation, 16 inch footings
Modular wall systems (SIP)
- Typically used to enclose walls and roof
- panels are screwed or nailed directly to outside surfaces of frame
- ladder framing
- reasons: reduced resources, have more thermal insulation, less room for thermal bridging, conduction of heat through materials
- strongest floor system, spans longest distance
- chords, web
- almost always made with dimensional lumber
- fastened with toothed plates
Stair framing terms
- baluster: vertical members of stair rail
- balustrade: entire stair well assembly
- newel post: upright post supporting handrail
- shank hole: hole drilled for thicker portion of wood screw
Stair framing types
- platform: L-type, U-type
Rafter framing terms
- rafter: inclined member of roof framework
- ridge: horizontal piece that connects upper ends of rafters
- valley: extended diagonal from top plates to ridge board along lines where two roofs intersect
- jacks: never extend full distance from top plate to ridge board