Construction by god

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Author:
oaboss
ID:
218580
Filename:
Construction by god
Updated:
2013-05-08 14:47:43
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construction
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Description:
TEC 2708
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  1. Architectural drawing typically include which of the following?
    • site plan
    • floor plans
    • exterior elevations
    • foundation plan
    • building sections
    • floor and roof framing plans
    • details of roof and wall edges and trim
    • interior elevations of cabinets and special walls
  2. How do builders or developers usually obtain the capital needed for the construction of speculative projects?
    they obtain a construction loan from a lender
  3. Which of the following consultants would be hired to design a building framing technique that is not covered in building code?
    structural engineer
  4. Which of the following is the difference between an architect and a building designer?
    Architects must complete five years of school, three years of internship, and then pass a nationally accredited exam
  5. Which of the following regulates the design and construction of residential buildings?
    Building codes
  6. One of the reasons the construction community has become greener is because increased environmental regulation is instituted through zoning and building regulations
    TRUE
  7. The difference between builders and general contractors is that the general contractor has a legal contract with the owner to build the entire building
    TRUE
  8. Which lumber seasoning method is fast but the most controlled and costly?
    kiln drying
  9. Which of the following are examples of wood panel products?
    • plywood
    • OSB
    • waferboard
    • particleboard
  10. Which of the following are uses for wood I-joists
    wall and roof framing
  11. Which of the following come from coniferous or evergreen trees?
    softwoods
  12. Which of the following is an example of a soft hardwood?
    poplar
  13. Which of the following is an example of a very hard hardwood?
    oak
  14. Example of structural composite lumber?
    laminated veneer lumber
  15. Which of the following is one of the most toxic wood preservatives?
    creosote
  16. What is used to determine the true horizontal distance between the corners of a building?
    builders level
  17. Type of bacteria decomposes solids in a septic tank?
    anaerobic
  18. Examples of potable water sources that are approved by code?
    well or municipal water supply
  19. What are used to establish the position, shape, and size of the building on site?
    batter boards
  20. Large hole filled with rocks used to collect storm water?
    dry well
  21. Who is responsible for determining property lines?
    surveyor
  22. How can moisture escape if it gets behind a brick or stone wall?
    weep hole
  23. Actual dimensions of the most common concrete block?
    7 5/8" x 7 5/8" x 15 5/8"
  24. Mortar curing chemical reaction process?
    hydration
  25. Purpose of the channel bond beam concrete masonry unit?
    provides space for horizontal reinforcing bars (rebar)
  26. Where do masons usually start laying concrete block?
    In da corners
  27. How are slabs usually reinforced?
    welded wire fabric
  28. Purpose of anchor bolts?
    they connect sill plate to the foundation
  29. Purpose of control joints in slabs and other concrete work?
    to provide a place where the forces that cause cracking can be relieved
  30. Purpose of slab edge insulation?
    Stops thermal bridging from the outside cold air
  31. Typical thickness of interior nonloadbearing slabs?
    3-4 inches
  32. What size rebar is usually installed in footings?
    #4
  33. Where is foundation drainage matting installed?
    outside of the foundation wall
  34. Soil type that consists of very small plate shaped particles?
    clay
  35. Concrete masonry walls require both horizontal and vertical steel reinforcement.
    TRUE
  36. Foundation drains need to be installed above the foundation's footing
    FALSE
  37. Wood foundations can be backfilled with gravel and soil
    TRUE
  38. OSB floor sheathing is installed in which direction?
    perpendicular to the floor joists
  39. Purpose of bridging or solid blocking?
    holds joists straight and helps them share concentrated loads
  40. Best describes platform frame?
    Built on top of foundation wall and then the A floor platform is built on top of the foundation wall and then walls are framed on top of the floor system
  41. Name of the board that is bolted to the foundation and functions as a base for wood framing?
    sill
  42. A disadvantage of balloon framing is that fire can spread quickly to stories above
    TRUE
  43. Stair openings framed openings with double header joists and double trimmer joists
    TRUE
  44. Types of windows
    • fixed
    • single, double-hung
    • sliding
    • projected
  45. Components of a window
    • sash: holds glass
    • jamb: fram around sash
    • casing: surrounds jamb
    • sill
  46. Glazing (windows)
    • Refers to glass incorporated into building or set within window sash
    • single, double
  47. 2 stickers on windows
    • U-value: values for thermal insulation (want lower value, more insulation)
    • Solar heat gain coefficient (SHGC): ability of window to slow down radiation
  48. Insulation
    • forms a container around the conditioned spaces in the house 
    • commonly referred to as thermal envelope
  49. Insulation materials
    • batt
    • loose fill
    • foam
    • rigid board
  50. Key elements of quality construction
    • dimensionally correct
    • square
    • plumb
    • level
  51. Nominal vs. Actual
    • 2 x 4 = 1.5" x 3.5"
    • 2 x 6 = 1.5" x 5.5"
    • 2 x 8 = 1.5" x 7.25" etc.
  52. Defects
    • crown
    • knot
    • twisted
    • cup
    • check
  53. I-joists
    • used for rafters and floor joists, light-weight
    • perimeter: band
    • last floor joist: rim joist
    • top: header
  54. Passive solar design
    • elongate building design along with east/west axis
    • collecting and storing heat
    • south facing glass
    • thermal mass (concrete slab)
    • insulation
    • properly sized overhangs
  55. Mortar
    • same as concrete, but no gravel
    • laying brick, block, rock, etc.
    • adobe first example
  56. Rebar (nominal diameter)
    • #4: 1/2"
    • #5: 5/8"
  57. Footings
    • 8 inch, 12 inch: most common
    • form: made out of wood mostly, used to form concrete footing
    • perimeter drains at same level or below footing
    • 8 inch foundation, 16 inch footings
  58. Modular wall systems (SIP)
    • Typically used to enclose walls and roof
    • panels are screwed or nailed directly to outside surfaces of frame
  59. Advanced framing
    • ladder framing
    • reasons: reduced resources, have more thermal insulation, less room for thermal bridging, conduction of heat through materials
  60. Trusses
    • strongest floor system, spans longest distance
    • chords, web
    • almost always made with dimensional lumber
    • fastened with toothed plates
    • trimmable
  61. Stair framing terms
    • baluster: vertical members of stair rail 
    • balustrade: entire stair well assembly 
    • newel post: upright post supporting handrail
    • shank hole: hole drilled for thicker portion of wood screw
  62. Stair framing types
    • straight
    • platform: L-type, U-type
    • winding
    • closed
  63. Rafter framing terms
    • rafter: inclined member of roof framework
    • ridge: horizontal piece that connects upper ends of rafters
    • valley: extended diagonal from top plates to ridge board along lines where two roofs intersect
    • jacks: never extend full distance from top plate to ridge board

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