Health exam

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Health exam
2010-06-07 20:07:48

Unit 1 and 2 health exam study
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  1. Carbohydrates
    • Main function = energy production
    • High GI- cause blood glucose levels to rise sharply (white bread, white rice, potatoes, soft drinks, some breakfast cereals)
    • Intermediate GI- cause blood glucose levels to rise intermediatly (table sugar, raisins, sultanas)
    • Low GI- has a low impact on blood glucose levels (grains, oats, bran, pasta)
  2. Protein
    • 2 main functions= build and repair cells, act as a fuel for production energy (if no glucose)
    • (Meat, eggs, lentils)
  3. Lipids
    • Acts as fuel for energy
    • Development and maintenance of cell membranes
    • Transport fat solouble vitamins around the body
    • Maintenance of body temperature
    • Provides cushioning
    • Four Different types
    • Monounsaturated- good fat (olive/canola oil, avocado, nuts)
    • Polyunsaturated-good fat (fish, canola/soy oil, nuts, seeds)
    • Saturated- bad fats, increases cholesterol levels and therefore contribute to heat disease.
    • Trans fat- provides better shelf life found in packaged foods.
  4. Water
    • Makes up 55-75% of body mass
    • Needed for: aiding digestion and waste removal, key component of blood, musclular contractions, needed for all chemical reactions
  5. Calcium
    Required for building bone and other hard tissue (milk, cheese, yoghurt, sardines/salmon, green leafy vegetables)
  6. Iron
    It forms part of hemoglobin (red meat, nuts, chicken, tofu, fish, green leafy vegetables, eggs)
  7. Vitamin A (retinol)
    • Important for eyes and eye sight
    • Helps see in colour and at night
    • Fights germs and stops cancer from growing
    • Keeps skin healthy
    • (orange and yellow fruits, milk, green leafy vegetables, cheese, eggs, liver, fish oils)
  8. Vitamin D
    • To absorbe calcium from intestines into the blood stream
    • (sunshine, tuna, sardines, salmon, milk, butter, cheese)
  9. Vitamin C
    • Important for the structure of tissues
    • Humans cannot make their own
    • (fruits, vegetables)
  10. Vitamin B 1, 2, 3
    • Important in the process of metabolism and coverting fuels for energy
    • (vegemite, wholegrain, eggs, fish)
  11. Vitamin B 6
    • Plays a role in brain and red blood cell development
    • (cereals, grains, legumes, green leafy vegetables)
  12. Vitamin B 9
    • Development of red blood cells
    • Important role in DNA synthesis
    • (green leafy vegetable, citrus fruits, poultry, eggs)
  13. Vitamin B 12
    • Aids in the formation of red blood cells
    • (meat, eggs, cheese)
  14. Define lifespan
    A lifetime starting at conception and ending with dealth
  15. Prenatal
    • Starting: conception
    • Ending: birth
  16. Infancy
    • Starting: Birth
    • Ending: 2 years
  17. Childhood
    • Starting: 2 years
    • Ending: Puberty
  18. Youth
    • Starting: Puberty
    • Ending: 18 years
  19. Adulthood
    • Starting: 18
    • Ending: 50-60
  20. Old age
    • Starting: 50-60
    • Ending: dealth
  21. What is puberty?
    The biological changes that occur during youth and prepare the individual for sexual reproduction
  22. What are primary sex characteristics?
    Directly involved in reproduction (sex organs)
  23. What are secondary sexy chartesistics?
    The changes the occur at puberty not related to reproduction.
  24. Spermache
    first ejacluation
  25. Menarche
    First period
  26. Growth spurt
    • Males have genraly longer puberty than females, so the grow taller.
    • Females start puberty first so they have their growth spurt first.
  27. Who is mainly involved in causeing road truma?
    • Males
    • P-platers
  28. What are the main factors that cause road trauma?
    • Alcohol
    • hooning
    • Drugs
    • Distractions
    • Weather
    • Roads
    • Signs
  29. What determinats can be involved in road trauma?
    • Behavioural determinants
    • Social environment
  30. What are the stages of development and health?
    • Physical health: fuctioning of body and all of its body systems.
    • Social health: way we act and behave in realtionships with others and the community
    • Mental health: health of our mind and thought process
    • Physical development: structual changes, body composition, motor skill development
    • Social development: behaviours, social roles and expextations, values and beliefs, communication skills, relationships
    • Emotional development: self concept, awareness of emotions, management of emotions, appropriate expression of feelings.
    • Intelectal development: knowledge, language, memory, creativity, problem solving, attention, abstact thought
  31. Why do people develop at different rates?
    Because of their hormones.
  32. Devise and justify a definition of health.
    • Health is a state of physical, mental and social health to the best of your ability, not merly the abuse of disease.
    • To be healthy you have to be physical, mental and socaly healthy but only up to what you can do. so if a person has no leg they still can be healthy if tey are healthy to the best of their ability.
  33. Problem food habits amongst youths.
    • Snacking
    • Energy drinks
    • Skipping meals
    • Eating outside of the home
  34. How can snacking be beneficial to youths?
    • Healthy snacking
    • Have better concentration, not eating bad foods
  35. What is another name for iron deficiency?
  36. Why is iron deficency more prevalent amongst females?
    • More females eat less meat then of males
    • The mentral cycle
  37. What can an iron deficentcy lead to?
    • Tiredness
    • Weakness
    • Less oxygen being moved around the body
  38. Defiine mortality.
    Mortality simply means dealth in a population
  39. Define Morbidity.
    It simply means illness or disease in a popluation.
  40. What does DALY's stand for?
    Disability Ajusted Life Years
  41. What is DALY's measured by?
    • The burden od disease
    • It is a health indicator that combines mortailty data with morbidity data so that conditions that contribute differently to dealth and illness is compared.
  42. How is DALY's measured
    • YLL + YLD = DALY
    • years life lost + years lived with disability = disabilty ajusted life years
  43. Define incidence.
    Number of new cases of a condition in a given period of time
  44. Define prevalence
    The total number of cases of a condition in a given time.
  45. Define fine motor skills
    Only using small muscles like in fingers
  46. Difine gross motor skills
    Using large muscles, like in a arm.
  47. Biological determinant.
    • Concerned with the body's cells, tissues, organs and systems and how they function.
    • genetics
    • bodyweight
  48. Behavioural determinant.
    • Focus on the decisions people make and how they choose to lead their lives.
    • Sun protection
    • Participationg in physical activity
    • Well balanced diet
    • Developing/maintaning friendships
  49. Physical environment.
    Physcial things that make up the environment such as air and water, and availble facilites such as housing.
  50. Social environment, family focus.
    • Family structure
    • Shelter
    • Food
    • Clothing
    • Emotional emotion
    • Educational opitunities.
  51. Social environment, Community focus
    • Quality of relationshing within the community and the services avalible
    • Educational resouces
    • Facilities
    • Levels of violence
    • Level of social support