Card Set Information
Unit 1 and 2 health exam study
Main function = energy production
High GI- cause blood glucose levels to rise sharply (white bread, white rice, potatoes, soft drinks, some breakfast cereals)
Intermediate GI- cause blood glucose levels to rise intermediatly (table sugar, raisins, sultanas)
Low GI- has a low impact on blood glucose levels (grains, oats, bran, pasta)
2 main functions= build and repair cells, act as a fuel for production energy (if no glucose)
(Meat, eggs, lentils)
Acts as fuel for energy
Development and maintenance of cell membranes
Transport fat solouble vitamins around the body
Maintenance of body temperature
Four Different types
Monounsaturated- good fat (olive/canola oil, avocado, nuts)
Polyunsaturated-good fat (fish, canola/soy oil, nuts, seeds)
Saturated- bad fats, increases cholesterol levels and therefore contribute to heat disease.
Trans fat- provides better shelf life found in packaged foods.
Makes up 55-75% of body mass
: aiding digestion and waste removal, key component of blood, musclular contractions, needed for all chemical reactions
Required for building bone and other hard tissue (milk, cheese, yoghurt, sardines/salmon, green leafy vegetables)
It forms part of hemoglobin (red meat, nuts, chicken, tofu, fish, green leafy vegetables, eggs)
Vitamin A (retinol)
Important for eyes and eye sight
Helps see in colour and at night
Fights germs and stops cancer from growing
Keeps skin healthy
(orange and yellow fruits, milk, green leafy vegetables, cheese, eggs, liver, fish oils)
To absorbe calcium from intestines into the blood stream
(sunshine, tuna, sardines, salmon, milk, butter, cheese)
Important for the structure of tissues
Humans cannot make their own
Vitamin B 1, 2, 3
Important in the process of metabolism and coverting fuels for energy
(vegemite, wholegrain, eggs, fish)
Vitamin B 6
Plays a role in brain and red blood cell development
(cereals, grains, legumes, green leafy vegetables)
Vitamin B 9
Development of red blood cells
Important role in DNA synthesis
(green leafy vegetable, citrus fruits, poultry, eggs)
Vitamin B 12
Aids in the formation of red blood cells
(meat, eggs, cheese)
A lifetime starting at conception and ending with dealth
: 2 years
: 2 years
: 18 years
What is puberty?
The biological changes that occur during youth and prepare the individual for sexual reproduction
What are primary sex characteristics?
Directly involved in reproduction (sex organs)
What are secondary sexy chartesistics?
The changes the occur at puberty not related to reproduction.
Males have genraly longer puberty than females, so the grow taller.
Females start puberty first so they have their growth spurt first.
Who is mainly involved in causeing road truma?
What are the main factors that cause road trauma?
What determinats can be involved in road trauma?
What are the stages of development and health?
: fuctioning of body and all of its body systems.
: way we act and behave in realtionships with others and the community
: health of our mind and thought process
: structual changes, body composition, motor skill development
: behaviours, social roles and expextations, values and beliefs, communication skills, relationships
: self concept, awareness of emotions, management of emotions, appropriate expression of feelings.
: knowledge, language, memory, creativity, problem solving, attention, abstact thought
Why do people develop at different rates?
Because of their hormones.
Devise and justify a definition of health.
Health is a state of physical, mental and social health to the best of your ability, not merly the abuse of disease.
To be healthy you have to be physical, mental and socaly healthy but only up to what you can do. so if a person has no leg they still can be healthy if tey are healthy to the best of their ability.
Problem food habits amongst youths.
Eating outside of the home
How can snacking be beneficial to youths?
Have better concentration, not eating bad foods
What is another name for iron deficiency?
Why is iron deficency more prevalent amongst females?
More females eat less meat then of males
The mentral cycle
What can an iron deficentcy lead to?
Less oxygen being moved around the body
Mortality simply means dealth in a population
It simply means illness or disease in a popluation.
What does DALY's stand for?
Disability Ajusted Life Years
What is DALY's measured by?
The burden od disease
It is a health indicator that combines mortailty data with morbidity data so that conditions that contribute differently to dealth and illness is compared.
How is DALY's measured
YLL + YLD = DALY
years life lost + years lived with disability = disabilty ajusted life years
Number of new cases of a condition in a given period of time
The total number of cases of a condition in a given time.
Define fine motor skills
Only using small muscles like in fingers
Difine gross motor skills
Using large muscles, like in a arm.
Concerned with the body's cells, tissues, organs and systems and how they function.
Focus on the decisions people make and how they choose to lead their lives.
Participationg in physical activity
Well balanced diet
Physcial things that make up the environment such as air and water, and availble facilites such as housing.
Social environment, family focus.
Social environment, Community focus
Quality of relationshing within the community and the services avalible
Levels of violence
Level of social support