English Nation-state 5-9-13
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Steps to Limited Monarchy
1. William the Conqueror
2. Common Law (Henry II)
3. King John (Magna Carta)
4. Puritan revolution (Common wealth)
5. Petition of right (Charles I)
6. Restoration (Charles II)
7. English civil war
8. Glorious revolution
A tough, ruthless descendant of the vikings, who claimed the English throne
William the Conqueror
How did William the Conqueror become the king of England
He won the favor of the pope and won at the Battle of Hastings
A book used by William the Conqueror to learn more about his people
Oath that required all feudal lords to pledge direct allegiance and military service to him
Three changes made by Cromwell
1. All English citizens had to practice a severe Puritan moral code
2. Ran a dictatorship
3. Applied heavy taxes
Why did people lose support for Oliver Cromwell?
Dictatorial government and heavy taxes
Why was Charles II a popular leader when he was restored to the throne?
He restored the Church of England and tolerated other protestants and Catholics
Why did Parliament choose to replace James II as a ruler?
He flaunted his Catholic faith
Why did the Parliament choose Mary and William III of Orange as the new rulers?
They were protestants
Signed by King John to deal with his unfair taxation, abuse of power, and unfair laws
A law making body that included nobles, clergy, knights, and townspeople
Provided a check on royal power
Prohibited the king from raising taxes or imprisoning anyone without just cause or without consent of the Parliament
Petition of Right
Who was victorious in the English Civil War
Cromwell and the roundheads
Why is King's Charles's death significant in history?
It sent a clear signal that no ruler could claim absolute power and ignore the rule of law in England
Time when William and Mary overthrew James II
Ensured the superiority of Parliament over monarchy
English Bill of Rights
Granted religious freedom to non-Anglican Protestant sects
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