Theo Final Vocab and Identification

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Theo Final Vocab and Identification
2013-05-09 01:12:52

test 1 and 2 vocab and identification test 3 on seperate pack final no vocab or ids.
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  1. Alexandrian Canon 
    term used to designate the listing of books within the Greek Old Testament, includes books that were not originally written in Hebrew or were not preserved in Hebrew.
  2. Apocryphal Books
    • properly the “hidden books;” these are books
    • which are not found in the canon of Scripture; Protestants use the term for the
    • Deuterocanonical books.
  3. canon
    official listing of the book of scriptures
  4. codex
    a bound book
  5. dead see scrolls
    • discovered in 1947, these are documents
    • copied and preserved by an Essene-Jewish community at the nearby settlement of
    • Qumran; the documents found contain nearly every book of the TaNaK, plus
    • material produced by the community itself; they have nearly no bearing on Early
    • Christianity itself, but have helped scholars better understand Judaism at the
    • time of Jesus.
  6. deuterocanonical books
    • term used by Catholics to designate the seven
    • books and parts of Daniel and Esther considered inspired by the Catholic
    • Church, but not found in the TaNaK or the Protestant Old Testament
  7. diaspora
    term for migration of Jews from palestine throuhout the mediterranean area and the middle east
  8. Eisegesis
    • – reading meaning into a text
    • that is not there.
  9. Exegesis
    taking meaning out of the text;explaining what a given text means.
  10. Extant
    – in existence today
  11. Genre
    – term that refers to a literary“type;” for modern literature: poetry, fiction, science-fiction
  12. Hermeneutics
    – The science of interpretation and explanation
  13. Kethubim
    – the third division of the HebrewBible, “the Writings;” this section had not been officially defined at the timeof Jesus.
  14. Massoretic Text (MT)
    – this is the standardtext of the Hebrew Bible today; since the original text did not contain vowels,Jewish scholars in the Middle Ages produced this text with vowel marks toindicate the proper way to pronounce the words as they understood them.
  15. Nebiim
    – the second division of the HebrewBible, this is the “Prophets;” this section was also fixed with regard to formby the time of Jesus
  16. Original Sense of Scripture
    – The meaningof a text directly intended by the human author and conveyed by his words.
  17. Palestinian Canon
    – term used to designatethe listing of the books put forward by the Rabbis for the Jewish community inthe late 2nd to middle of the 3rd Century a.d.; this listing was taken over byMartin Luther when he split from the Catholic Church. See TaNaK.
  18. Palimpsest
    – a manuscript for which thefirst text was rubbed off and a new text was written; the first text isrecoverable using modern technology.
  19. papyrus
    • – paper-like writing material first developed in
    • Egypt; used to produce ancient writings.
  20. pericope
    • smaller literary unit within a larger work
    • ex: binding of issac
  21. Peshitta
    – A translation of the Bible intoSyriac; important for textual studies of the Bible, particularly the OldTestament.
  22. Pseudopigrapha
    – “false writings;” works inwhich the true author is not known, but to which a famous name has beenattached in order to give the text more weight.
  23. Roll 
    type of ancient book, also called a “scroll;” it was a continuous sheet of papyrus and vellum with the text written in columns.
  24. Septuagint (LXX) 
    Greek translation of the Old Testament produced in Alexandria and used by Jews in the Diaspora; later taken over by the Early Church as their Bible.
  25. TaNaK 
    abbreviation of the Hebrew Bible; each consonant represents one division within the Hebrew Tradition
  26. Torah 
    the first division of the Hebrew Bible, it contains the first 5 books which are also called “the Books of Moses;” this section was fixed in form by the time of Jesus; also called, “the Law” and “the Pentateuch.”
  27. Vellum 
    skins of cattle, sheep, or goats that have been prepared and used as writing material; eventually replaced papyrus as the material of choice for documents.
  28. Vulgate
    • Latin
    • translation of the Bible produced by St. Jerome at the end of the 4th
    • and beginning of the 5th centuries; it was the common text of the
    • Western church for years since most people could understand the Latin.
  29. Adam
    • adam and eve
    • guy who let women talk him into biting the apple
  30. Eve
    • adam and eve story
    • let snake talk her into biting the apple. 
    • bit the apple
    • ruined it for the rest of us
    • also responsible for birth pangs...i think
  31. the serpent
    • satan. not really
    • just evil
  32. cain
    • first born of adam and eve
    • lots of anger
    • murdered abel
    • became angry with the lord
  33. lamech (Gn 4)
    • son of methushael and descendant of cain
    • two wives
  34. Abel
    • brother of cain
    • was murdered by cain
    • son of adam and eve
  35. Seth
    • son of adam
    • born after cain and abel
    • believed to be replacemet of Abel
  36. Methuselah
    • oldest person to ever live
    • son of enoch
  37. Enoch (gn 5)
    he was the guy who walked with God
  38. Noah
    • guy with the ark
    • saved animals, except unicorns, form the flood
  39. Ham
    • food?
    • curse upon Canaan
    • also can be seen as son of Noah
  40. shem
    • son of Noah
    • eldest son
  41. Japheth
    son of Noah
  42. canaan
    semitic speaking region of ancient near east
  43. the nephilim
    offsprings of angels and humans
  44. nimrod (Gn. 10)
    • son of crush and Noah
    • mighty hunter
  45. terah
    dad of abraham?
  46. Amphictyony
    A tribal league, normally with twelve members, who are bound together by a shared religious tradition and shared cultic site.
  47. Apodictic Law
    Law which “comes from the speaking.” It is a universal law which has no conditions attached, but is simply a “do this/don’t do this” command. Example: The Decalogue.
  48. Ark
    • An
    • ornate box that functioned as a portable shrine. Contained the tablets of the
    • Law, the Staff of Moses/Aaron, and a jar of mana.
  49. Case Law: 
    Law that has developed over time within society based on their experiences. It gives conditions when it is to be used and punishments.
  50. christ
    greek translation of the hebrew messiah
  51. curse of destruction
    Commandment given about apostate towns within the society or cities that are to be captured by the Israelites. The entire town is to be destroyed and all in it are to be killed. Any possessions within the town normally taken as spoils of war are to be destroyed, including any animals. Also translated as “The Ban.”
  52. decalogue
    Another name for the Ten Commandments; means “10 words.”
  53. exile
    : The time period between the Destruction of Judah (587 b.c.) and the Restoration under Cyrus I. The upper class of the society was taken into Babylon during this time.
  54. holy of holies
    place in temple where god dwels in the ark
  55. judge
    An individual chosen by God to deliver his people from foreign oppression; a charismatic war leader.
  56. levirate marriage
    A marriage that occurs when a husband dies before the couple has any children. The widow is to marry the man’s brother or the nearest male relative. The first son of the new union is considered the child of the first brother.
  57. Levite
    Tribe within Israel that had the function of priests within Israel. They are responsible for sacrifices as well as maintaining shrines/The Tabernacle/The Temple. Sometimes separate from another class of religious leaders designated “priests.”
  58. Mercy
     Cover of the Ark that had two cherubim on it whose wings were outstretched over the top. Considered to be the Throne of God on earth.
  59. messiah
    • anointed use
    • used to designate kings in the OT
  60. Terah
    abraham's dad
  61. Abraham
    • guy who got first covenant
    • great nation
    • promise land
  62. isaac
    • son of abraham
    • binding
    • keeps covenant
  63. sarah
    • wide of abraham
    • mother of isaac
    • old, miracle
  64. Hagar
    • servant of sarah
    • mother of ishmael
  65. ishmael
    • son of Hagar and Abraham
    • lacks faith
    • thrown out of covenant...for food.
  66. jacob
    • twin brother of Esau
    • son of Isaac
    • gets covenant through deception
  67. moses
    • leads people out of egypt
    • gets comm?
    • prophet
  68. Aaron
    • brother of moses
    • helps him out with speach and plagues
    • critizises him
    • high priest
  69. Miriam
    • moses sister
    • prophet
    • also critizise
  70. jethro
    • moses father in law
    • priest of miridian
  71. joshua
    • sussesor of Moses
    • makes it into promise land, one of the few
  72. caleb
    • son of jep...
    • entered promise land
  73. samuel
    • leader before kings. 
    • getting old
  74. saul
    • son of sammuel
    • one of the first kings
    • bad kinda
    • jealous of David
  75. nathan
    prophet for david
  76. bathseba
    • wife of Uriah 
    • mother of solomon
    • sin of david
    • wife of david
  77. david
    • servant of god
    • king. kinda good until the end
    • moves ark
    • wants to build temple
    • gets own covenant
  78. uriah
    • husband of bathseba
    • murdered by david
  79. solomon
    • son of david
    • wisdom
    • built temple
  80. rehoboah
    • son of solomon
    • king of judah
    • worse opression than dad
  81. jeroboam
    • first king of the north: israel
    • golfen calf sin. he builds them
  82. amaziah
    • king of judah
    • false gods.