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Name 2 materials supplied by digestion.
Carbohydrates & Fats
What are Carbohydrates?
Are starches and sugars primarily for energy (4kcal/g)
What are fats?
Fats are more concentrated in fuel than carb's. (9kcal/g)
What is the digestive system also know as?
- Alimentary canal/tract
- Digestive Tract
- Gastrointestinal Tract
- Gastrointestinal System
Name 2 digestive enzymes from the stomach?
Pepsin and Hydrochloric Acid
What is hunger?
Desire for food related to physical need.
*What is appetite?
A desire for food not related to physical need.
What is Anorexia?
Symptom describing lack of hunger, or disinterest in eating.
What in Anorexia Nervosa?
Eating disorder characterized by abnormal body image and improper eating habits.
*What is Leukoplakia?
Thickened white patches on tongue or buccal (cheek) surfaces.
*Drug that is effective against the herpes virus?
*What is GERD?
- Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
- Disease that causes backwash into the esophagus.
*What are the major ingredients in antacids?
- Aluminum salts
- Calcium carbonate
- Magnesium salts
- Sodium Bicarbonate
*What type of agent is Ipecac?
*What is sucralfate and what does it do?
It is a topical agent that forms protective acid-resistant shield in the ulcer crater.
*What is H Pylori and when should it be treated?
- It is a causal factor in gastritis and duodenal ulcers and to a lesser extent gastric ulcer.
- H Pylori should only be treated once proven that you have either gastritis or duodenal ulcers.
*What are the 2 triple drug treatments?
- 1st Option
- Bismuth subsalicylate
- 2nd Option
*What is an indicator of colon or rectal cancer?
- Occult Blood
- Blood hidden in the stool; can't see unless tested with a guaiac test; common test to aid in diagnosis of cancer.
*What drugs cause constipation?
*What is used for bowel cleansing before colonoscopy and before barium enema for radiologic exams?
- Polyethylene glycol - electrolyte solution
- Go Lightly
*Inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or other medical conditions and sometimes drugs?
How is Hepatitis B transferred by?
By IV drug abuse, blood product, and unsterilized equipment.
*Name the drugs that dissolve cholesterol.
- Monooctanoin - Dissolves cholesterol - based gallstones
- Ursodiol - Oral capsule to dissolve cholesterol gallstones in uncomplicated patients.
*What are the 2 Pancreatic Drugs?
- Pancreatin and pancrelipase.
- Both contain enzymes and are not interchangeable in therapy.
*Absorption of nutrients happens in which part of the body?
*Hydrogen peroxide is a week antibacterial to clean wounds. T or F
* This medication contains galactose, fructose and other sugars used to treat constipation.
*Primary source of energy used by the body?
*This type of laxative is an agent that facilitates the mixing of water and fatty masses into ficies.
*Opioid used to treat diarrhea?