Protectionism

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Author:
MyNameIsE
ID:
218734
Filename:
Protectionism
Updated:
2013-05-09 04:48:38
Tags:
Economics
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Description:
For Edexcel Economics unit 4
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  1. Protectionism
    Methods of restraining international trade in order to help protect local businesses from foreign competition.
  2. Tariffs
    This is a tax on imports.
  3. Quotas
    This is a physical limits on the quantity of imports
  4. Embargoes
    This is a total ban on a good, this may be done to stop dangerous substances
  5. Subsidies
    If a governmentt subsidises domestic production this gives them an unfair advantage over competitors.
  6. Administrative barriers
    Making it more difficult to trade, e.g. imposing minimum environmental standards.
  7. Currency value
    Can cut the value of the currency to make it more competitive
  8. Benefits of Protectionism
    • Infant industry argument – protect new industries
    • Diversify the economy – help develop new industries to give more diversity to economy
    • Raise revenue
    • Protect certain key industries from international competition to try and safeguard jobs.
    • Protect domestic jobs which are threatened by rise of imports.
  9. Drawbacks
    • Other countries may retaliate by imposing their own import tariffs thus making it harder to export
    • Countries may be specialising in a good that don't have a comparative advantage thus may be innefficient

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