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Hypoventilation causes (slow/shallow breathing)
high CO2 because CO2 builds up because you're not blowing it off and combines with acid to make you acidic
hyper ventilating (rapid/deep breaths)
co2 becomes low because you are blowing off too much and you become alkolynic because you are blowing off too much acid
how to determine whether compensation is metabolic or respiratory if PH is normal
check which side PH is closet to (acidic or alkolynic) and see rather HCO3 (base) or CO2 matches PH as far as being acidic or alkolynic which ever one matches your PH is your problem, which ever one doesn't is compensating.
ex. PH (7.45) CO2 (50) HCO3 (30)
answer is metabolic alkolysis fully compensated by respiratory
how to determine whether compensation is metabolic or respiratory if PH is abnormal
which ever value has the bigger deficit is the problem. which ever value has the lower deficit is the compensating factor
how to know if disorder is compensated
if PH norm = full compensation (and arrows go in same direction)
if PH abnorm = partial compensation (and arrows go in same direction)