Chemistry Review

Card Set Information

Author:
phut52
ID:
218939
Filename:
Chemistry Review
Updated:
2013-05-10 12:58:46
Tags:
phut52
Folders:

Description:
Review
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user phut52 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. A number that is equal to the number of protons in an atom
    atomic number
  2. Smallest particle of an element that retains characteristic of that element
    atom
  3. The number of items in a mole equal to 6.022X10 to the 23 power
    Avogadros number
  4. Avogadro's number
    6.022X10 to the 23 power
  5. A gas law that states that the pressure of a gas is inversely related to the volume when temp and moles of the gas do not change
    Boyles law
  6. A mixture of a weak acid or base and its salt that resists changes in pH
    Buffer
  7. The amount of heat energy that raises the temperature of exactly 1g of water exactly 1 degree celcius
    Calorie
  8. heat
    calorie
  9. 4.184 J
    Calorie
  10. Burning of a log in a fire place or buring of fuel in the engine of a car
    Combustion reaction
  11. A pure substance consisting of 2 or more elements with a definite composition that can be broken down in to simpler substances by chemical reactions
    compound
  12. Water or hydrogen peroxide
    compound
  13. Shared between atoms of nonmetals to achieve stability
    Covalent bond
  14. when atoms share electrons
    covalent bond
  15. A combination of atoms in which noble gas arrangements are attained by electron sharing
    covalent bond
  16. How close the material in packed within the substance
    density
  17. D=mass of a substance
         volume of substance
    Density
  18. The change of a gas directly to a solid
    deposition
  19. Reverse of sublimation
    deposition
  20. The change of a solid to a gas
    sublimation
  21. reverse of deposition
    sublimation
  22. weakest force
    dispersion forces
  23. occurs when temporary dipoles form within nonpolar molecules
    dispersion forces
  24. makes it possible for nonpolar molecules to form liquids and solids
    dispersion forces
  25. built up by placing the electron of an atom in the sub levels in order of increasing energy
    electron configuration
  26. The relative ability of an elemetn to attract electron in a bond
    electron negativity
  27. Contains only one type of matter, which cannot be broken down by chemical methods
    element
  28. reaction in which the energy of the products is greater than that of the reactants
    endothermic reaction
  29. means within
    endothermic reaction
  30. energy of the reactant is greater than that of the products
    exothermic reaction
  31. A number obtained by counting or definition
    exact number
  32. compares 2 numbers in the same measuring system
    exact number
  33. the number of times the crest of a wave pass a point in one second
    frequency
  34. a vertical column in the periodic table that contains elements having similar physical and chemical properties
    group
  35. the attraction between a partially positive H and strongly electro negative atom of F,O, or N
    Hydrogen bond
  36. the attraction between oppositely charged ions
    ionic bond
  37. An atom that differs only in mass number from another atom of the same element
    isotope
  38. have the same atomic number but different numbers of neutrons
    isotopes
  39. SI unit of heat energy
    Joule (J)
  40. Joule=
    4.184 J
  41. the total number of neutrons and proton in the nucleus of an atom
    mass number
  42. elements with properties of both metal and nonmetals
    metalloids
  43. Boron, silicon
    metalloids
  44. the quantity in grams that equals the atomic mass of that element
    molar mass
  45. A volume of 22.4 L occupied by 1 mol of a gas at STP conditions of 0 degrees celcius (273 K) and 1 atm
    molar volume
  46. the number of moles of solute in exactly 1L of solution
    Molarity
  47. a group of atoms,molecules, or formula units that contains 6.022X10 to the 23 power of these items
    Moles
  48. a reaction between an acid and a base to form a salt and water
    neutralization
  49. contains the proton and neutrons of the atom
    nuleus
  50. The region around the nucleus of an atom where electron of certain energy are most likely to be found
    orbital
  51. A horizontal row of elements on the periodic table
    period
  52. a measure of the [H3O+] in a soultion
    pH
  53. smallest particle of light
    photon
  54. stream of small paritcles
    photon
  55. a covalent bond in which the electron are shared unequally
    polar bond
  56. the numbers recorded in a measurement
    significant figures
  57. The maximum amount of solute that can dissolve in exactly 100g of solvent, usually water, at a given temperature
    solubility
  58. standard temp and pressure
    STP
  59. 0 degrees C + 1 atm
    STP
  60. 273 K + 760 mmHg
    STP
  61. Standard conditions 0 degrees Celsius temperature and 1 atm pressure used for the comparison of gases
    STP
  62. The formation of radioactive nucleus by bombarding a stable nucleus with fast-moving particles
    Transmutation
  63. The distance between the peaks of two adjacent waves
    Wavelength
  64. the set of 4 numbers each electron has
    quantum number

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview