PSCY 311 final

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kolbyg
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PSCY 311 final
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2013-05-10 12:56:44
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  1. Adolescence
    • transition bw adulthood
    • begins 10-13 years of age ends aprox 18-22 years of age
  2. Plato
    • reason 1st appearein adol
    • pror to this early educaion should focus on music and sports
  3. aristotole
    abilty to choose decision making
  4. middle ages
    • mini adults
    • made to work
  5. rousseau
    • 18 centery french philospher
    • disagreed with middle ages philosphers beilved in stages of development
    • birth-5 animal instincts
    • 5-12 savages
    • 12-15 reasons
    • 15-20 intrest in others (empathy)
  6. early america
    • 17-90-1840j- work apprenticesips as early as 12-16
    • 1880-1900 industrial revolution
    • -adol had to stay n school in order to capitalize on better jobs
    • 1890-1920 concept of adol began to take hold call the age of adol
    • inventionist view-socio istorical state-school work econmics
  7. G. Stanley Hall
    • beives gentics play a big rolle in adol. evlopment & that enviroment had little impact especially during infancy and childhood
    • for stages of development
    • infancy childhood, youth adol
    • bio veiw
  8. Margret Mead
    • did not beive in storm and stress
    • socio cultural base
  9. Nature of Development
    development it a patteren of change that begins at contraception and continues through the life cycle
  10. Periods of Development
    • Prental-conception to birth
    • infancy-birth approx -2y/o (dependent on adults)
    • early childhood-2-6(little more self sufficient)
    • middle/late childhood -6-11 (master gasic skills)
    • early adol - 11-14 (puberty changes)
    • late adol - >15 (idetify exploration)
  11. Genotype
    a persons genetic heritage (the blueprint)
  12. Phenotype
    the observable measureable characteristics of an individual
  13. Physcial growth Spurt for girls
    • 2 years sooner than boys
    • onset = 9-12
    • appec 11.5
    • hight 3.5 a year
    • weight avg 18 ibs in one year
    • body hips widen and face becomes rounder and softer
  14. physical growth spurt for boys
    • onset 11 years of age
    • appex 13.5
    • height 4 in a year
    • weight avg 20 ibs a year
    • by age 14 surpass girls in weight
    • body increas in shoulders witdth face becomes more angular
  15. genotype/phenotype
    • for every geno there is a rang of pheno
    • geno does not gaurinty a specific pheno
  16. Attention
    concentration and focus of mental effort
  17. selective attention
    focus on one thing while ignore another
  18. Shiftable attention
    shift focus from one thing to another
  19. memory
    • ther rententionof info over time
    • short term (30 sec)
    • long term (permanet)
    • workign memory ( gets you from short term to long term)
  20. stages of Piaget
    • 1(sensoimotor (lear through senses)
    • 2) preoperational 2-7 (egocentric abilty to conserve)
    • 3)concrete operations 7-11 (beginning of lofical reasoning skills)
    • 4) formal operational 11-15 to about 20
    • (thinking is abstract, idealistic, hypothetical)
  21. schemas
    use to make sense of all info and organize
  22. reciprocal socialization
    parent both influence and scoialize theri cildren and vise versa
  23. Maturation
    • bio= puberty
    • cog= expanded logical reasoning, inceasing idealistic thought (compare parents to other parents), violate expecations (compliance issures
    • social= transiton from elm - middle
    • adol wnat to hang out with peers more than parents, push for indeapence
  24. parent changes
    • marital dissatification (first)
    • economic burden
    • careers
    • health
    • ussaly occure during middle age
  25. authoritarian style
    • high controll
    • low responiveness
    • very strict
    • results=adil who are social incompetent
    • males =more agressive
    • females=co-dependent
  26. negectful style
    • low control
    • low resposive
    • univolved
    • results=low self control
    • socially incomplete
  27. indulgent style
    • low control
    • high response
    • overly involved
    • results=self centered, low self controll, socially incompetent spoiled
  28. authoritative style
    • modare control/responsiveness, controll kids eviorment fair but firm
    • kids are socily competnet, slef relaint, self reliant, self controll, well behavied, high self esteem
  29. Alcohol
    • is a depresent
    • like stimulant in small doeses
    • 3rd leading killer
  30. risk factors
    • dysfuctional families
    • inscure atchment
    • dont monitor their kids
    • high conflinct
    • parent drink
    • peer pressure (with other kids and friends who drink)

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