Genetics

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Author:
esellers
ID:
218982
Filename:
Genetics
Updated:
2013-05-10 21:17:47
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Genetics
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Genetics
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  1. The genetic material are the
    Chromosome
  2. Genetic blue prints of proteins are
    Genes or DNA segments
  3. Human cell contains ______ pairs of autosomes and _____ sex chromosomes.
    22, 2
  4. Diploid chromosomal component of the humans is called
    Karyotype
  5. The genetic DNA makeup of the humans is called
    Genome
  6. 2 mismatched genes on the same locus on a homologous chromosome are
    Alleles
  7. When 2 alleles control single trait they are considered _____ for that train
    homologous
  8. When 2 alleles are dissimilar and differ in their expression they are called
    Heterozygous
  9. In general _____ allele masks _____ allele.
    Dominate, recessive
  10. Genetic makeup of a trait is called
    genotype
  11. Expression of a genotype in the body is called
    Phenotype
  12. Crossing over give rise to ______ chromosomes
    recombinant
  13. Independent assortment, crossing over and random fertilization cause
    Genetic variation
  14. Human traits are determined by
    Multiple alleles or interaction of several gene pairs
  15. Checkered square to find possible combination of genes for 1 trait is
    Punette square
  16. Inability to form cartilage bone is
    achondroplasia
  17. Normal vision is a phenotype of
    Recessive gene expression
  18. Albinism, cystic fibrosis, and Tay-Sach's syndrome: examples of
    Recessive gene expression
  19. Consanguineous marriages are prohibited to avoid inheritance of
    recessive genes
  20. Sickle Cell anemia is an example of
    Incomplete dominance
  21. Hair ear pinnae is example of _____ linked inheritance.
    Y (sex)
  22. Example of multiple allele inheritance is
    Blood group
  23. Interaction of many genes to express a single trait is
    Polygene inheritance
  24. Skin and eye color, intelligence and height are examples of
    polygene inheritance
  25. Thalidomide babies have _____ like limbs.
    Flipper
  26. Newborn screening helps to identify
    Hip dysplasia, phenylketonuria, and imperfrate anus.
  27. Genetic screening helps to identify
    Down, Huntington disease
  28. Representative differential analysis helps to identify
    Mutant gene causing disease
  29. Hemophilia in the royal family of Britain is identified by
    Pedigree analysis
  30. Aminocentesis helps in ______ the embryo.
    Karyotyping
  31. Chorionic villa sampling is done by taking snips of chorionic villa from
    Placenta
  32. A member of a pair of chromosome is called
    homolog
  33. Aa gene alleles represents
    heterozygosity
  34. Change in the DNA structure is called
    Mutation
  35. Crossing over increases the chances of production of
    New phenotypes
  36. Division of centromere and separation of chromatids takes place in
    metaphase

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