Intro to Sociology Final

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  1. A kinship system that favors the father’s relatives
    Patrilineal Descent
  2. A kinship in which both sides of a person’s
    family are regarded as equally important.
    Bilateral Descent
  3. A kinship system that favors the mother’s relatives
    Matrilineal Descent
  4. A society in which men dominate in family decision making
  5. A society in which women dominate in family decision making
  6. Power that has been institutionalized and is recognized by the people over whom it is exercised.
  7. An economic system in which the means of production are held largely in private hands, and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits.
  8. Max Weber’s term for power made legitimate by a leader’s exceptional personal or emotional appeal to his or her followers
    Charismatic Authority
  9. As an ideal type, an economic system in which all property is communally owned and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people’s ability to produce
  10. An increase in the lowest level of education needed to enter a field
  11. The systematic, widespread withdrawal of investment in basic aspects of productivity, such as factories and plants.
  12. Reductions taken in a company’s workforce as part of deindustrialization
  13. The social institution through which goods and services are produced, distributed and consumed.
    Economic system
  14. A formal process of learning in which some people consciously teach while others adopt the social role of learner
  15. A view of society as being ruled by a small group of individuals who share a common set of political and economic interests
    Elite Model
  16. An authority pattern in which spouses are regarded as equals.
    Egalitarian Family
  17. A family in which relatives-such as grandparents, aunts or uncles- live in the same home as parents and their children
    Extended Family
  18. A set of people related by blood, marriage or adoption who share the primary responsibility for reproduction and caring for members of society.
  19. Rigid adherence to fundamental religious doctrines, often accompanied by a literal application of scripture or historical beliefs to today’s world.
  20. The actual or threatened use of coercion to impose one’s will on others.
  21. Standards of behavior that are deemed proper by society and are taught subtly in schools.
    Hidden Curriculum:
  22. The exercise of power through a process of persuasion
  23. The state of being related to others
  24. A form of capitalism in which businesses compete freely, with minimal government intervention in the economy
  25. Lending small sums of money to the poor so they can work their way out of poverty.
    Micro financing
  26. Control of a market by a single business firm.
  27. A form of marriage in which one woman and one man are married only to each other.
  28. A married couple and their unmarried children living together.
    Nuclear Family
  29. A form of polygamy in which a woman may have several husbands at the same time.
  30. A form of marriage in which an individual may have several husbands or wives simultaneously.
  31. A form of polygamy in which a husband may have several wives at the same time.
  32. Max Weber’s term for the disciplined work ethic, this worldly concerns, and rational orientation to life emphasized by John Calvin and his followers.
    Protestant Ethic
  33. A view of society in which many competing groups within the community have access to government officials, so that no single group is dominant
    Pluralist Model
  34. In Harold D. Lasswell’s words, “who gets what, when and how.”
  35. The ability to exercise one’s will over others.
  36. A term used by C. Wright Mills for a small group of military, industrial, and government leaders who control the fate of the United States.
    Power Elite
  37. Max Weber’s terms for power made legitimate by law.
    Rational-Legal Authority
  38. According to Emile Durkheim, a unified system of beliefs and practices relative to sacred things.
  39. A statement to which members of a particular religion adhere
    Religious Belief
  40. The feeling or perception of being in direct contact with the ultimate reality, such as a divine being, or of being overcome with religious emotion.
    Religious Experience
  41. A practice required or expected of members of a faith.
    Religious Ritual
  42. A form of marriage in which a person may have several spouses in his or her life, but only one spouse at a time.
    Serial Monogamy
  43. An organized pattern of beliefs and behavior centered on basic social needs.
    Social Institution
  44. An economic system in which the means of productions and distribution are collectively rather than privately owned.
  45. The impact that a teacher’s expectations about a student’s performance may on the student’s actual achievements.
    Teacher-Expectancy Effect
  46. the practice of placing students in specific curriculum groups on the basis of their test scores and other criteria
  47. Legitimate power conferred by custom and accepted practice.
    Traditional Authority
  48. William F. Ogburn’s terms for the period of maladjustment when the nonmaterial culture is still struggling to adapt to new material conditions
    Culture Lag
  49. Talcott Parson’s functionalist view of society as tending toward a state of stability or balance.
    Equilibrium Model
  50. A theory of social change that holds that society is moving in a definite direction.
    Evolutionary Theory
  51. A term used by Karl Marx to describe an attitude held by members of a class that does not accurately reflect its objective position
    False Consciousness
  52. Rebellious craft workers in 19th century England who destroyed new factory machinery as part of their resistance to the Industrial Revolution
  53. Organized collective activities that values and social identities as well as improvements in the quality of life
    New Social Movements
  54. The transfer of work to foreign contractors.
  55. The conscious feeling of a negative discrepancy between legitimate expectations and present actualities
    Relative Deprivation
  56. The ways in which a social movement utilizes such resource as money, political influence, access to the media, and personnel
    Resource Mobilization
  57. Significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture
    Social Change
  58. Organized collective activities to bring about or resist fundamental change in an existing group or society.
    Social Movements
  59. Cultural information about how to use the material resources of the environment to satisfy human needs and desires
  60. Thorstein Veblen’s term for those people or groups who will suffer in the event of social change and who have a stake in maintaining the status quo
    Vested Interests
  61. The number of live birth per 1,000 population in a given year. Also known as the crude birthrate
  62. The immigration to the United States and other industrialized nations of skilled workers, professionals, and technicians who are desperately needed in their home countries
    Brain Drain
  63. An enumeration, or counting, of a population
  64. A spatial or political unit of social organization that gives people a sense of belonging.
  65. A theory of urban growth devised by Ernest Burgess that sees growth in terms of a series of rings radiating from the central business district.
    Concentric-Zone Theory
  66. The number of deaths per 1,000 population in a given year. Also known as the crude death rate.
    Death Rate
  67. The scientific study of population.
  68. A legal strategy based on claims that racial minorities and the lower classes are subjected disproportionately to environmental hazards
    Environmental Justice
  69. The level of reproduction in a society.
  70. The significant rise in the earth’s surface temperatures that occurs when industrial gases like carbon dioxide turn the planet’s atmosphere into a virtual greenhouse
    Global Warming
  71. The difference between births and deaths, plus the difference between immigrants and emigrants per 1,000 population
    Growth Rate
  72. As defined by the World Health Organization, a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
  73. : An area of study that is concerned with interrelationships between people and their spatial setting and physical environment
    Human Ecology
  74. The number of new cases of a specific disorder occurring within a given population during a stated period, usually a year.
  75. A city characterized by relatively large size, open competition, an open class system, elaborate specialization in the manufacturing of goods.
    Industrial City
  76. The number of deaths of infants under one year of age per 1,000 live births in a given year.
    Infant Mortality Rate
  77. The median number of years a person can be expected to live under current mortality conditions.
    Life Expectancy
  78. The incidence of disease in a given population
    Morbidity Rate
  79. The incidence of death in a given population
    Mortality Rate
  80. A theory of urban growth developed by Chauncey D. Harris and Edward Ullman that views growth as emerging from many centers of development, each of which reflects a particular urban need or activity
    Multiple-Nuclei Theory
  81. An approach to urbanization that considers the interplay of local, national, and worldwide forces and their effect on local space, with special emphasis on the impact of global economic activity
    New Urban Sociology
  82. A city in which global finance and the electronic flow of information dominate the economy.
    Postindustrial City
  83. the total number of cases of a specific disorder that exist at a given time
  84. Societal expectations about the attitudes and behavior of a person viewed as being ill.
    Sick Role
  85. The study of the distribution of disease, impairment, and general health status across a population.
    Social Epidemiology
  86. The average number of children born alive to any women, assuming that she conforms to current fertility rates.
    Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
  87. An area of study that focuses on the interrelationships between urban residents and their environment.
    Urban Ecology
  88. A term used by Louis Wirth to describe distinctive patterns of social behavior evident among city residents
  89. Records of births, deaths, marriages, and divorces that are gathered through a registration system maintained by governmental units
    Vital Statistics
  90. Immanuel Wallerstein’s view of the global economic system as divided between certain industrialized nations that control wealth and developing countries that are controlled and exploited.
    World-Systems Analysis
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Intro to Sociology Final
2013-05-11 06:15:03

Final Exam
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