Reasons for German Unification

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
219024
Filename:
Reasons for German Unification
Updated:
2013-05-11 05:27:57
Tags:
higher history
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history
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  1. INTRO
    1850
    Germany was still not unified despite various attempts
  2. INTRO
    Germany unified
    Jan 1871 Hall of Mirrors
  3. Danish War
    1864
  4. Why was the Danish War in Bismarck's favour?
    • Denmark quickly overwhelmed
    • Bismarck as defender of German nationalism
  5. Austro-Prussian War
    • 1866
    • France remained neutral
    • Alliance with Italy
    • Treaty of Prague 1886 - 21 state in the North German Connfederation
  6. Franco-Prussian War
    • 1870
    • leaking of Ems Telegraph - Benedetti/King William meeting snub to the French
    • Published demands for compensation in S German states
    • won support
  7. PRUSSIAN ECONOMIC STRENGTH
    1850s
    progressive social reforms that were encouraging economic growth
  8. PRUSSIAN ECONOMIC STRENGTH
    use of Zollverein
    • to move ahead industrially
    • stronger
  9. PRUSSIAN ECONOMIC STRENGTH
    railway expansion
    • 1865 13,900 km
    • quick mobilisation
  10. PRUSSIAN MILITARY STRENGTH
    • army improved though Bismarck's implementation
    • success 3 wars
    • who was behind the success?
  11. DECLINE OF AUSTRIA
    • losing allies
    • couldn't prevent the Nationalverein to struggle for a creation of a united Germany
  12. DECLINE OF AUSTRIA
    significance of Nationalverein
    • national feeling an emerging force despite Austria's views
    • But progress slow/gradual growth
    • Bismarck accelerated the process
  13. ACTIONS OF NAPOLEON III
    heavily involved in wars of Unifiction
    Austro Prussian War
    • neutral in Austro-Prussian War (promise of land)
    • Austria was defeated quickly and efficiently
  14. ACTIONS OF NAPOLEON
    Bismarck leaked...
    • his demands for compensation
    • caused fury in the South German states
    • supported Prussia = national unity

    Wasn't for Bismarck, Prussia not victorious
  15. ATTITUDE OF OTHER COUNTRIES
    Britain
    • naval power - unsuitable
    • Queen Victoria sympathiser for German unification
  16. ATTITUDE OF OTHER COUNTRIES
    Russia
    • not allies with Austria
    • Made Austria weaker and easier to defeat
  17. ATTITUDE OF OTHER COUNTRIES
    Italy
    • alliance with Prussia
    • military strength and advantage over Austria
  18. ATTITUDE OF OTHER COUNTRIES
    why was it unimportant?
    • not enough tension raised
    • cant be a sole reason
    • No substance

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