Biology Final Exam

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
219042
Filename:
Biology Final Exam
Updated:
2013-05-11 10:14:39
Tags:
Biology Abeka Final Exam
Folders:

Description:
Biology Abeka Final Exam Notes
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. flowering seed plants
    angiosperms
  2. one of the largest families of angiosperms; sunflower family
    composite flowers
  3. the flowers in the center of the head of a sunflower
    disk flowers
  4. flowers that are often mistaken for the petals of the flower
    ray flowers
  5. the bright red structures of a poinsettia that look like petals but are actually leaves
    bracts
  6. have two cotyledons; broad, flat leaves with branching veins; petals in multiples of 4 or 5; taproot system
    dicots
  7. one cotyledon; parallel veins; petals in multiples of 3; fibrous root system
    monocots
  8. used to store food until the seed begins to grow
    cotyledons
  9. creeping stem that grows above the ground
    stolon
  10. leafstalk
    petiole
  11. thick stem that grows horizontally under the ground providing food storage and a means of vegetative reproduction
    rhizome
  12. tiny openings on the lower epidermis of leaves
    stomata
  13. transports water and dissolved minerals upward from the roots to the leaves
    xylem
  14. transports food manufactured on the leaves downward
    phloem
  15. part of plant that makes and stores food
    parenchyma tissue
  16. grows and repairs plants
    meristematic tissue
  17. sap-conducting tissues
    vascular tissue
  18. protects and waterproofs;not found in herbaceous plants
    cork tissue
  19. produces the pollen
    anther
  20. stalk holding the anther
    filament
  21. organs that produce pollen
    stamens
  22. elongated, vase-shaped structure in the center of a flower
    pistil
  23. develops into the stem and leaves
    plumule
  24. provides nutrition to the growing embryo
    endosperm
  25. the transfer of pollen from an anther to a stigma
    pollination
  26. develops into the root system
    radicle
  27. penetrates the soil with relatively little branching
    taproot system
  28. has no main root, but is spread out with very thin roots in a tangled mass
    fibrous root
  29. increases the water-absorbing surface area of the root
    root hairs
  30. resemble palm trees
    cycads
  31. cone-bearing gymnosperms
    conifers
  32. hip and shoulder
    ball-and-socket
  33. neck,elbow, spinal column
    pivot joint
  34. thumb
    saddle joint
  35. elbow, knee, ankel, wrist, fingers
    hindge joint
  36. the largest of the chest muscles
    pectoralis major
  37. first term in a scientific name
    genus
  38. a group of structures designed to function together as a unit to perform a particular job for an organism
    system
  39. contains the brain
    cranial cavity
  40. chest area
    thoracic cavity
  41. the part that connects to the spinal cord; controls involuntary muscles
    brain stem
  42. controls balance and coordinates voluntary muscle activity
    cerebellum
  43. the building blocks of protein
    amino acids
  44. a molecule of carbon and oxygen atoms attached to a long chain of carbon and hydrogen atoms
    fatty acid
  45. bean shaped enlargements of lymphatic tissue
    lymph nodes
  46. tentative solutions to a scientific problem
    hypothesis
  47. the study of fossils
    paleontology
  48. annually moving to a different region
    migration
  49. wrote Origin of Species
    Charles Darwin
  50. the first person to devote his entire life to studies with the microscope
    Anton van Leeuwenhoek
  51. developed the scientific classification system
    Carolus Linnaeus
  52. created the idea of uniformitatianism
    Charles Lyell
  53. Father of Genetics
    Gregor Mendel
  54. responsible for pasteurization
    Louis Pasteur
  55. transmits information to the central nervous system from the senses of sight, hearing, taste, touch, smell, and pain
    sensory neurons
  56. relay signals from the central nervous system to the other parts of the body
    motor neurons
  57. support and insulate nerve tissue
    glial cells
  58. the most important energy producing compounds in the cell; provides most of the energy for living things
    carbohydrates
  59. complex organic molecules used to build and maintain living cells
  60. should be 1/4 of total calorie intake
    fats
  61. important organic substances found in plants and animals and is in the foods made from them
    vitamins
  62. were most of the digestion takes place
    stomach
  63. aids digestion
    liver
  64. primary organ of digestion and absorption
    small intestine
  65. the most plentiful of blood proteins; manufactured in the liver and helos regulate the amount of water in the blood
    albumin
  66. a special iron-containing blood protein which binds easily to the oxygen and gives blood it's red color
    hemoglobin
  67. stores oxygen supplied by the blood for the functioning of the muscle
    myoglobin
  68. lifts the lower leg and turns it inward
    sartorius
  69. muscles that help you breath
    intercostal muscles
  70. moveable floor of the thoracic cavity
    diaphragm
  71. layers of the skin
    • epidermis
    • dermis
    • subcutaneus
  72. microscopic network of blood vessels and renal tubules where blood is filtered and the purified liquids are absorbed
    nephrons
  73. the tube that carries the urine from the bladder to the outside of the body
    urethra
  74. regulates the body's waking and sleeping cycles
    pineal gland

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview