psych chapter 16

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psych chapter 16
2013-05-11 13:48:04
psych final

psych final
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  1. psychotherapy
    a psychological intervention designed to help people resolve emotion, behavior, and interpersonal problems and improve the quality of their lives
  2. clinical psychologist
    • private practice, hospitals, schools, community agencies, medical setting, academic, other
    • ...
    • the branch of psychology concerned with the
    • treatment of abnormal mentation and behavior
  3. psychiatrist
    physicians, prive practice, hospitals, medical centers, schools, academic, other
  4. counseling psychologist
    university clinics, mental health centers, treat people with less severe psychological problems
  5. school psychologist
    in-school interventions, assessment, prevention programs, work with teachers, students, and parents
  6. clinical social worker
    private practice following supervised experience, psychiatric facilities, hospitals/community agencies, schools; help with social and health problems
  7. mental health counselor
    private practice, community agencies, hospitals;  help with career counseling, marriage issues, substance abuse
  8. psychiatric nurse
    hospitals, community health centers...... manage medications, with advanced degrees can diagnose, treat mental patients
  9. pastoral counselor
    counseling, support in spiritual context, wellness programs... group, family, and couples therapy
  10. paraprofessional
    person with no professional training who provides mental health services
  11. insight therapies
    psychotherapies, including psychodynamic, humanistic, and group approaches, with the goal of expanding awareness or insight
  12. free association
    technique in which clients express themselves without censorship of any sort
  13. resistance
    attempts to avoid confrontation and anxiety associated with uncovering previously reassociated with uncovering previously repressed thoughts, emotions, and impulses
  14. transference
    projecting intense, unrealistic feelings and expectations from the past onto the therapist
  15. interpersonal therapy (IPT)
    treatment that strengthens social skills, and targets interpersonal problems, conflicts, and life transitions
  16. humanistic therapies
    therapies that emphasize the development of human potential and the belief that human nature is basically positive
  17. person-centered therapy
    therapy centering on the client's goals and ways of solving problems
  18. gestalt therapy
    therapy that aims to integrate different and sometimes opposing aspects of personality unto a unified sense of self
  19. group therapy
    therapy that treats more than one person at a time
  20. alcoholics anonymous
    twelve-step, self-help program that provides social support for achieving sobriety
  21. strategic family intervention
    family therapy approach designed to remove barrier's to effective communication
  22. structural family therapy
    treatment in which therapists deeply involve themselves in family activities to change how family members arrange and organize interactions
  23. behavior therapist
    therapist who focuses on specific problem behaviors, and current variables that maintain problematic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors
  24. systematic desensitization
    clients are taught to relax as they are gradually exposed to what they fear in a stepwise manner
  25. exposure therapy
    therapy that confronts clients with what they fear with the goal of reducing the fear
  26. dismantling
    research procedure for examining the effectiveness of isolated components of a larger treatment
  27. response prevention
    technique in which therapists prevent clients from performing their typical avoidance behaviors
  28. participant modeling
    technique in which the therapist first models a problematic situation and then guides the client through steps to cope with it unassisted
  29. token economy
    method in which desirable behaviors are rewarded with tokens that clients can exchange for tangible rewards
  30. aversion therapy
    treatment that uses punishment to decrease the frequency of undesirable behaviors
  31. cognitive-behavioral therapies
    treatments that attempt to replace maladaptive or irrational cognitions with more adaptive, rational cognitions
  32. meta-analysis
    statistical method that helps researchers to interpret large bodies of psychological literature
  33. empirically supported treatment (EST)
    intervention for specific disorders supported by high-quality scientific evidence
  34. psychopharmacotherapy
    use of medications to treat psychological problems
  35. electroconvulsive therapy
    patients receive brief electrical pulses to the brain that produce a seizure to treat serious psychological problems
  36. psychosurgery
    brain surgery to treat psychological problems