Obstacles to German Unification

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Anonymous
ID:
219093
Filename:
Obstacles to German Unification
Updated:
2013-05-11 15:15:19
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higher history
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higher history
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  1. INTRO
    1815
    • Europe had been at war for 23 years
    • saw the end of Napoleonic War due to Treaty of Vienna
    • creation of the Bund
  2. INTRO
    1850
    still no united Germany
  3. INTRO
    historian
    Andrina Stiles - Austrian strength needed to be overcome
  4. DIVISIONS AMONGST NATIONALISTS
    • two schools of thought
    • who would be monarch/constitution
  5. DIVISIONS AMONGST NATIONALISTS
    Bund
    • major diffculties
    • 39 representatives
    • unanimous decision
  6. DIVISIONS AMONGST NATIONALISTS
    Example of division
    • Frankfurt Parliament failure 1848
    • couldnt create a constituiton
  7. DIVISIONS AMONGST NATIONALISTS
    historian
    AJP Taylor "too much experience, too much calculation"
  8. AUSTRIAN STRENGHTH
    • Metternich Austrian Chancellor
    • anti unification
    • didnt want to be rivalled
    • His power and influence delayed unifcation
  9. AUSTRIAN STRENGHTH
    calsbad
    decrees 1918 banned student societes/censored press/removed liberal professors

    German nationalism surpressed for generation
  10. AUSTRIAN STRENGHTH
    historian
    Richards "liberalism/nationalism weak
  11. GERMAN PRINCES
    • defend system to ensure own survival
    • didnt want power lost to rival
  12. AUSTRIAN STRENGHTH
    historian
    Andrina Stiles "economic advantage bound to be an influence"
  13. AUSTRIAN STRENGHTH
    but
    drawn out decision making of nationalists still more important
  14. RESENTMENT OF PRUSSIA
    • largest German state
    • growing industrially
    • jealousy
  15. RESENTMENT OF PRUSSIA
    dominant
    • political voice in the Bund
    • wanted to extend her power
    • South German states resented her
  16. RESENTMENT OF PRUSSIA
    but
    • lack of power in those involved
    • feeling of resentment not distinct enough
  17. RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES
    • Thirty Years War - North German Protestant Prussia
    • South German states Catholic Austria
    • problem of loyalty
  18. RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES
    but
    • lacks substance
    • had no decision-making power
  19. ECONOMIC DIFFERENCES
    • 1815 trade barriers hindered trade, some states faired better
    • Although Zollverein established 1834 states still economically diverse and divided

    UNDUE TENSION
  20. RELIGIOUS DIFFERENCES
    but
    lack of conflict or resistance

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