Pulmonary Vascular Resistance:
what is normal value?
indicates R ventricular afterload
Systemic vascular resistance:
What is the formula to calculate SVR?
[(map - cvp)/co] x 80
What PAP value indicates onset of pulmonary congestion?
What PAP value indicates acute pulmonary edema?
what are normal PAP values?
What are RVP values?
Normal CVP values
CVP X & Y wave
CVP C wave
Cardiac Index Value
PAWP max time limit to balloon inflation
For every 1cm deviation from the true phlebostatic access, pressure changes almost ______ mmHg in CVP's
Wave changes when placing a PA catheter include sharp systolic upstroke and diastolic dip in the ______ and smoother systolic upstroke with a dicrotic notch in the ______
Volume overload, pulmonary HTN, cardiac tamponade, R or L sided heart failure, pulmonary edema, Mechanical ventilation, cardiac tamponade can all cause an _____ in CVP
VSD (with L to R shunt), cardiac tamponade, L ventricular failure, PPV, and hypervolemia can all lead to a ______ in PAP
The PCWP gives an indirect measurement of L atrial pressure but also provides information about hydrostatic pressure within the _____ capillary bed
as pulmonary capillary pressure rises blood begins to seep into the alveoli, __________ oxygen exchange
Normal CO range is
SvO2 measurement shows the relationship between oxygen_______ and oxygen ______
Each degree of temperature elevation increases O2 demands by ____%
Treatment of pt with PA rupture includes positioning with affected side __________ (x ray after placement will determine which side PA is on)
Hemoptysis,severe respiratory distress, and shock are all signs of _________ rupture
_______SvO2 value caused by increase in O2 delivery, decrease demand, inability of
tissues to use, cyanide or carbon monoxide poisoning
normal SvO2 value is _________
Severe infection, skeletal injuries,
work of breathing, burns, shivering,dressing change, bath, position changes,
ekg, chest xray, agitation, and physical exam all cause an increase in_________ _________ demands