MB 100 Medical Terminology Chapter 1

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MB 100 Medical Terminology Chapter 1
2013-05-11 16:01:05
medical billing

Chapter one key terms and word parts
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  1. -algia
    pain, painful condition
  2. dys-
    bad, difficult, or painful
  3. -ectomy
    surgical removal, cutting out
  4. hyper-
    excessive, increased
  5. hypo-
    deficient, decreased
  6. -itis
  7. -osis
    abnormal condition; disease
  8. -ostomy
    surgical creation of an artificial opening to the body's surface
  9. -otomy
    cutting, surgical incision
  10. -plasty
    surgical repair
  11. -rrhage
    bleeding; abnormal/excessive fluid discharge
  12. -rrhaphy
    surgical suturing
  13. -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  14. -rrhexis
  15. -sclerosis
    abnormal hardening
  16. abdominocentesis
    the surgical puncture of the abdominal cavity to remove fluid
  17. acronym
    a word formed from the initial letter of the major parts of a compound term
  18. acute
    rapid onset, severe course, relatively short duration
  19. angiography
    x-ray of blood vessels using a contrast medium
  20. appendectomy
    surgical removal of the appendix
  21. arteriosclerosis
    abnormal hardening of the arteries
  22. arthralgia
    joint pain
  23. colostomy
    surgical creation of an artificial opening from the colon to the body's surface.
  24. cyanosis
    blue discoloration of skin due to lack of adequate oxygen supply in the blood
  25. dermatologist
    physician who specializes in disorders of the skin
  26. diagnosis
    identification of a disease
  27. diarrhea
    frequent flow of loose or watery stools
  28. edema
    swelling caused by an abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or body cavities.
  29. endarterial
    pertaining to the inside or lining of the arteries
  30. eponym
    disease, condition, syndrome, structure, operation, or procedure named for the person who discovered it.
  31. erythrocyte
    red blood cell
  32. fissure
    groove or crack-like sore in the skin. May also refer to the normal folds in the contours of the brain.
  33. fistula
    abnormal passage, usually between two internal organs, or an organ to the body surface.
  34. gastralgia
    stomach pain
  35. gastritis
    inflammation of the stomach
  36. gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
  37. gastrosis
    any disease of the stomach
  38. hemorrhage
    loss of a large amount of blood in a short time. this term may also be used to indicate bleeding.
  39. hepatomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the liver
  40. hypertension
    high blood pressure (usually >140/88)
  41. hypotension
    abnormally low blood pressure
  42. infection
    invasion of the body by a pathogenic organism, may be localized or systemic. Malaise, chills & fever, redness, heat & swelling, and exudate are main indicators.
  43. inflammation
    localized response to an injury/destruction of tissues. Erythema, hyperthermia, edema, and pain are main indicators.
  44. interstitial
    between, but not within the parts of a tissue
  45. intramuscular
    within the muscle
  46. laceration
    a torn or jagged wound or an accidental cut wound
  47. lesion
    a pathological change in tissues due to disease or injury
  48. malaise
    feeling of general discomfort or uneasiness that is often the first indication of infection or other disease.
  49. mycosis
    any abnormal condition or disease caused by a fungus
  50. myelopathy
    any pathologic change or disease in the spinal chord
  51. myopathy
    any pathologic change or disease of muscle tissue
  52. myorrhexis
    rupture of a muscle
  53. natal
    pertaining to birth
  54. neonatology
    study of disorders of newborns
  55. neruorrhaphy
    suturing together the ends of a severed nerve
  56. otorhinolaryngology
    study of the ears, nose, and throat
  57. palpation
    the examination technique in which the examiner's hands are used to feel texture, size, consistency, and location of certain body parts.
  58. palpitation
    a pounding or racing heart
  59. pathology
    the study of all aspects of diseases
  60. phalanges
    bones of the fingers and toes
  61. poliomyelitis
    viral infection of the grey matter of the spinal chord
  62. prognosis
    a prediction of the probable course and outcome of a disorder
  63. pyoderma
    any acute, inflammatory, pus forming bacterial skin infection such as impetigo
  64. pyrosis
    a.k.a. heartburn. Discomfort due to gastric acid  being regurgitated into the esophagus
  65. remission
    temporary, partial, or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a disease without having achieved a cure.
  66. sign
    objective evidence of disease
  67. supination
    rotating the arm so that the palm of the hand is facing upward
  68. suppuration
    the formation of discharge or pus
  69. supracostal
    above or outside the ribs
  70. symptom
    subjective evidence of a disease such as pain or headache
  71. syndrome
    a set of the signs and symptoms that occur together as part of a specific disease process
  72. tonsilitis
    inflammation of the tonsils
  73. trauma
    wound or injury
  74. triage
    the medical screening of patients to determine their relative priority of need and the proper place of treatment.
  75. viral
    pertaining to a virus