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Aminoglycosides (tobramycin, gentamycin) are indicated for which type of bacteria
many aerobic gram negative and some aerobic gram positive bacteria
If you push this type of drug rapidly it may result in neuromuscular blockade
aminoglycoside (Tobramycin, gentamycin)
what type of infections do aminoglycosides (tobramycin, gentamycin) treat
- bone and joint
- recurrent UTI
what type of bacteria does bacitracin kill?
gram positive and a few gram negative
which antibiotic is nephrotoxic if used parenterally?
Beta-lactam antibiotics include which 2 type of antibiotics?
PCN's and cephalosporins
T or F: pcn's and cephalosporins are used as broad spectrum antibiotics
treats a broader range of bacterial infections then PCN's
It is common to have allergies to this class of Abx if you have allergies to PCN
Cephalosporins treat which type of infections?
- lower respiratory
- bone and joint
- bacterial meningitis
- septicemia caused by gram positive or negative bacteria
Abx used to treat these infection types:
complicated infections in seriously ill pts
Prophylactically in pt at risk for endocarditis
enhances nephrotoxic and ototoxic effect of drugs
Clindamycin is effective against what types of bacteria?
gram positive and anerobes
Erythromycin is used to treat...?
mild to moderate infection, pneumonia, and pertusis
Clindamycin is useful in treating....?
MRSA soft tissue skin infections and pneumonias
C diff is commonly associated with this abx?
These drugs is used for the following infections:
upper resp infections (group a strep)
ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin are what category of abx's
Treats active TB and streptococcal infections
Treats endocarditis d/t MRSA; active and latent TB; HIV; skin infections; Staph aureus; and Meningitis (off label)
This class of abx have the broadest spectrum of antimicrobial activity
This abx is typically used for chlamydia, rickettsia, and uncommon gram negative and positive bacteria
behaves as a detergent in the body, increasing the permeability of the membranes that encase the bacteria causing the contents of the bacterial cell to leak out. used for most aerobic gram negative bacilli
common side effects of abx include:
GI disturbance, Diarrhea, vaginal yeast infections, kidney impairment, colitis, rash, and allergic reactions
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