Pharmacology: Antibiotics

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219132
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Pharmacology: Antibiotics
Updated:
2013-05-11 19:50:34
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CCEMTP course
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  1. Aminoglycosides (tobramycin, gentamycin) are indicated for which type of bacteria
    many aerobic gram negative and some aerobic gram positive bacteria
  2. If you push this type of drug rapidly it may result in neuromuscular blockade
    aminoglycoside (Tobramycin, gentamycin)
  3. what type of infections do aminoglycosides (tobramycin, gentamycin) treat
    • bone and joint
    • intra-abdominal
    • respiratory
    • septicemia
    • recurrent UTI
  4. what type of bacteria does bacitracin kill?
    gram positive and a few gram negative
  5. which antibiotic is nephrotoxic if used parenterally?
    Bacitracin
  6. Beta-lactam antibiotics include which 2 type of antibiotics?
    PCN's and cephalosporins
  7. T or F: pcn's and cephalosporins are used as broad spectrum antibiotics
    T
  8. treats a broader range of bacterial infections then PCN's
    Cephalosporins
  9. It is common to have allergies to this class of Abx if you have allergies to PCN
    Cephalosporins
  10. Cephalosporins treat which type of infections?
    • lower respiratory
    • UTI
    • bone and joint
    • bacterial meningitis
    • septicemia caused by gram positive or negative bacteria
  11. Abx used to treat these infection types:
    complicated infections in seriously ill pts
    s. aureus
    HA pneumonia
    meningitis
    MRSA
    Prophylactically in pt at risk for endocarditis
    Vancomycin
  12. enhances nephrotoxic and ototoxic effect of drugs
    vancomycin
  13. Clindamycin is effective against what types of bacteria?
    gram positive and anerobes
  14. Erythromycin is used to treat...?
    mild to moderate infection, pneumonia, and pertusis
  15. Clindamycin is useful in treating....?
    MRSA soft tissue skin infections and pneumonias
  16. C diff is commonly associated with this abx?
    Clindamycin
  17. These drugs is used for the following infections:
    upper resp infections (group a strep)
    Streptococcus pneumonia
    Dental infections
    PCN's
  18. ciprofloxacin and levofloxacin are what category of abx's
    quinolones
  19. Treats active TB and streptococcal infections
    Quinolones (levofloxacin)
  20. Treats endocarditis d/t MRSA; active and latent TB; HIV; skin infections; Staph aureus; and Meningitis (off label)
    Rifampin
  21. This class of abx have the broadest spectrum of antimicrobial activity
    Tetracyclines
  22. This abx is typically used for chlamydia, rickettsia, and uncommon gram negative and positive bacteria
    Tetracycline
  23. behaves as a detergent in the body, increasing the permeability of the membranes that encase the bacteria causing the contents of the bacterial cell to leak out. used for most aerobic gram negative bacilli
    polypeptides (cyclosporine)
  24. common side effects of abx include:
    GI disturbance, Diarrhea, vaginal yeast infections, kidney impairment, colitis, rash, and allergic reactions

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