Card Set Information
Western Civ Terms
Terms for Western Civ
What is Aboslutism?
The monarch has sovereign power of the state
Some had fundamental laws to obey
Could be influenced by nobles
What is Anarchism?
No one is in control
The Liberals (Enlightenment)where considered anarchists by monarchists
Who is Aristole?
A Greek philosopher
Student of Plato
Teacher of Alexander the Great
Who is Otto von Bismark?
Unified Germany during many wars
Transferred the capital of continental Europe from Paris or Vienna to Berlin
During the the beginning of the 1870's
What is Black Death?
A great epidemic of many plaques that killed a large part of Europe during the 14th centuray
Who is Julius Caesar?
He reformed the Roman society and government into the Roman Empire
Considered greatest military general
What is Carolingian Renaissance?
Revival of Western Europe during Charlemagne
First time since Roman Empire that Latin Christian Europe was unified
Who is Clovis?
Founder of the Merovingian dynasty of Frankish kings
Defeated the last Roman ruler in Gaul
Turned to Catholic by wife
What is Cold War?
The relationship between USA and USSR from 1845 to 1980
WMD were a big threat during this time
What is Colombian Exchange?
When Europe and the Americas exchange products/diseases/slaves
This happened during the Age of Exploration and the First Global Age
Who is Constantine?
Spread Christianity throughout Europe during the Byzantine
His empire was called NewRome
What were the Crusades?
A series of Holy Wars that were launched by the Christian states of Europe to recover Palestine
Started during the 1970's
What were the Estates General?
Louis XVI summons them for its first meeting since 1614
Made of three states the clergy the nobility and the third estate made by the majority of the other people
What was the Glorious Revolution?
The English people revolted against the demands of James II
James the second was king of England, Ireland, and Scotland
Started social reform and didn't listen to the English parliament this angered them and the people
What were the Hundred Years' War?
Lasted from (1337-1453)
King Philip VI of France attempted to take English territories land in Southwestern France they eventually drove them out
Who was Karl Marx?
Established the Communist ideology after the Industrial Revolution
Who was Giuseppe Mazzini?
Tried to unify Italy during the 1850's
What was Laissez-faire capitalism?
Unregulated capitalism will create the greatest benefit for all.
Used as reason to to intervene in Irish famine.
Who was John Locke?
Came up with theory of "Natural Law"
People have inalienable rights Life, Liberty, and Property.
Contributed to American Revolution and the Declaration of Independence.
Who was Martin Luther?
Inspired the Reformation
Wrote King James Bible
Proposed things against the Jew
Ideas give full publicity by the Nazis
What was Magna Carta?
It set down rights for the English Law
During King John's reign because he was tyrannical
(Trail by jury,protection of private property0
What was NATO?
Alliance between North America and Europeans territories to protect them from Soviet Union during the Cold War
Who was Pericles?
Was a military and political leader of Athens
Opened archonship to lower class
Helped make Athens the dominate Greek City State
What was the Scramble for Africa?
Competition between European countries for new found resources in Africa
Divided by industrialized countries by Berlin Conference
Who was Josef Stalin?
Rose to power during the 1920's
Instructed five year plan and purges
Signed a treaty where they would take over eastern Poland when Germany attacked poland
What was the Triple Alliance?
Agreement between Germany, Ottoman Empire, Italy, and Austria Hungary during WW1
What was Triple Entente?
Agreement between Russia, France, and Britain
Happened because of the Triple Alliance
What was the Warsaw Pact?
Communist nations in eastern Europe counter to NATO
Comprised of Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslavia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union
Who was William the Conqueror?
Duke of Normady, promised the English Throne by King Edward.
Ended fighting Harold twice for throne.
Who was Woodrow Wilson?
Created Federal Reserve
Lowered work days
Child labor laws